Monthly Archives: May 2006

06ASTANA45, WORLD HEALTH ORGANIZATION: SMALLPOX DEMARCHE TO KAZAKHSTAN

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Reference ID Created Released Classification Origin
06ASTANA45 2006-05-24 05:38 2011-08-30 01:44 UNCLASSIFIED Embassy Astana

VZCZCXRO5198
PP RUEHAST
DE RUEHAST #0045 1440538
ZNR UUUUU ZZH
P 240538Z MAY 06
FM USOFFICE ASTANA
TO RUEHC/SECSTATE WASHDC PRIORITY 0130
INFO RUEHGV/USMISSION GENEVA PRIORITY 0002
RUEAUSA/DEPT OF HHS WASHINGTON DC
RUEHAST/USOFFICE ASTANA 0132

UNCLAS ASTANA 000045 
 
SIPDIS 
 
SIPDIS 
 
E.O. 12958: N/A 
TAGS: PREL AORC TBIO WHO KZ
SUBJECT: WORLD HEALTH ORGANIZATION: SMALLPOX DEMARCHE TO KAZAKHSTAN 
 
REF: STATE 71569 
 
1.  Post delivered reftel demarche on May 17 to Almatbek 
Demesinov, Head of the UN division at the Ministry of Foreign 
Affairs (MFA).  Demesinov stated that MFA concurred with the USG 
position in principle but needed to consult with the Ministry of 
Health before issuing a concrete response.  On May 23, Gaukhar 
Ashirbekova, of the MFA's World Health Organization desk, told 
Post that MFA has sent a letter to the Kazakhstani Embassy in 
Geneva with instructions to support the USG's position on 
smallpox repositories.  Kazakhstan's Health Minister Erbolat 
Dossayev and Ambassador to Switzerland Kayrat Abuseitov will be 
attending the upcoming World Health Assembly conference. 
 
TRACY

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06ASTANA44, KAZAKHSTAN: IMPLEMENTATION OF BOYCOTT STATUTES

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Reference ID Created Released Classification Origin
06ASTANA44 2006-05-12 15:58 2011-08-30 01:44 UNCLASSIFIED Embassy Astana

VZCZCXRO3005
RR RUEHAST
DE RUEHAST #0044 1321558
ZNR UUUUU ZZH
R 121558Z MAY 06
FM USOFFICE ASTANA
TO RUEHC/SECSTATE WASHDC 0129
INFO RUEHTA/AMEMBASSY ALMATY 0121
RUEHAST/USOFFICE ASTANA 0131

UNCLAS ASTANA 000044 
 
SIPDIS 
 
SIPDIS 
 
NEA, EB, L, TREASURY, COMMERCE/BIS/OAC, USTR 
 
E.O. 12958: N/A 
TAGS: PGOV PREL KZ IS
SUBJECT: KAZAKHSTAN: IMPLEMENTATION OF BOYCOTT STATUTES 
 
REF:  STATE 66895 
 
1.  The Kazakhstani government has no policy to support the Arab 
League Boycott (ALB), and there are no laws requiring compliance 
with ALB or any other international boycott.  Kazakhstan 
maintains full diplomatic relations with Israel, and instructed 
the Kazakhstani Embassy in Saudi Arabia not to attend the recent 
meeting held there regarding the boycott of Israel.  GOK 
officials speak proudly of the "normal full diplomatic" 
relations and substantial economic ties Kazakhstan enjoys with 
Israel. 
 
 
 
2.  The Kazakhstani government maintains no Arab League Boycott 
office, nor is Post aware of any official pressure on U.S. firms 
to participate in the ALB or any other international boycott. 
No suppliers, vendors, or service suppliers with whom Post 
typically does business in Kazakhstan are known to comply with 
the ALB or any other international boycott.  According to the 
Ministry of Foreign Affairs, there have been no instances of 
attempted boycott enforcement by government agencies or 
compliance requests by private entities. 
 
TRACY

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06ASTANA43, KAZAKHSTAN: CENTRAL ELECTION COMMISSION CHAIRMAN STILL

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Reference ID Created Released Classification Origin
06ASTANA43 2006-05-10 16:41 2011-08-30 01:44 UNCLASSIFIED//FOR OFFICIAL USE ONLY Embassy Astana

VZCZCXRO0160
RR RUEHDBU RUEHLN RUEHVK RUEHYG
DE RUEHAST #0043/01 1301641
ZNR UUUUU ZZH
R 101641Z MAY 06
FM USOFFICE ASTANA
TO RUEHC/SECSTATE WASHDC 0127
INFO RUEHTA/AMEMBASSY ALMATY 0119
RUCNCIS/CIS COLLECTIVE
RUEHVEN/USMISSION USOSCE 0050
RUEHAST/USOFFICE ASTANA 0129

UNCLAS SECTION 01 OF 02 ASTANA 000043 
 
SIPDIS 
 
SENSITIVE 
SIPDIS 
 
SCA/CEN - MUDGE, O'MARA 
 
E.O. 12958: N/A 
TAGS: PGOV PHUM PREL KDEM KZ
SUBJECT: KAZAKHSTAN:  CENTRAL ELECTION COMMISSION CHAIRMAN STILL 
CONSIDERING OSCE RECOMMENDATIONS AND FUTURE PLANS 
 
 
ASTANA 00000043  001.2 OF 002 
 
 
1. (SBU) Summary:  During a May 5 meeting with Assistant 
Secretary Boucher and Elisabeth Millard of the National Security 
 
SIPDIS 
Council, the Central Election Commission (CEC) Chairman Onalsyn 
Zhumabekov claimed the Commission is committed solidly to 
conducting free elections, and said he will implement further 
OSCE recommendations.  End summary. 
 
 
 
"Just Like in Any Democratic Country" 
 
------------------------------------- 
 
 
 
2. (SBU) Elections in Kazakhstan, Zhumabekov began, "have a 
virtually continuous character, just like in any democratic 
country."  Most recently there were Mazhilis elections in fall 
2004, Senate elections in August 2005, and - most significantly 
- the Presidential election held on December 4, 2005.  August 
2005 also saw "experimental" elections of four district 
("rayon") akims.  Zhumabekov noted that there are plans to 
expand the experiment this year: one-third of all district and 
city-level akims will be elected.  (Note:  District and 
city-level akims are traditionally appointed by regional akims. 
End note.)  Also approaching are the September 2007 Maslikhat 
(local legislature) elections, the 2008 Senate elections, and 
the 2009 Mazhilis elections. 
 
 
 
3. (SBU) Zhumabekov explained that the Central Election 
Commission is responsible for elections at all levels.  He added 
that Kazakhstan has over 13,000 local election commissions, of 
which about 9,000 operate at the polling-station level.  Each 
polling station, in turn, has no more than 3,000 voters. 
Zhumabekov said that the Central Election Commission has been 
developing contacts with its counterparts in other countries, 
including Azerbaijan, Georgia, Latvia, Poland, Germany, Great 
Britain, and France.  Kazakhstan is particularly interested in 
French law, he said, due to constitutional commonalities between 
France and Kazakhstan. 
 
 
 
OSCE Recommendations: "On Some We Have Our Own Stance" 
 
--------------------------------------------- --------- 
 
 
 
4. (SBU) Zhumabekov said that the December 2005 Presidential 
election was held "in full openness."  More than 1,200 foreign 
observers and over 400 foreign journalists were present.  No 
election is perfect, noted Zhumabekov; "we are analyzing" the 
pitfalls.  We believe, he continued, that our legislation 
conforms to international standards, including those applicable 
to Kazakhstan by virtue of its OSCE membership.  He said that 
the Central Election Commission was currently studying the 30 or 
so recommendations made by the OSCE following the presidential 
election: "on some we agree; on some we have our own stance." 
The recommendations, Zhumabekov said, were more about the 
application of the law and the operation of the Central Election 
Commission than about the law itself.  A number of the OSCE 
criticisms, he continued, Kazakhstan believes to be 
well-grounded.  One example is the fact that at present the law 
does not clearly specify the deadline for submission of 
signatures in support of presidential candidates.  Another 
issue, which "every country faces," is improving ways of putting 
together lists of voters. 
 
 
 
5. (SBU) Most of the violations in the presidential election 
were minor, said Zhumabekov.  Many of the more than 90,000 
members of local election committees are pensioners and others 
not well-versed in law.  Work is ongoing to punish the 
violators: over 30 local akims have been disciplined, and heads 
of some local election commissions have been removed.  The CEC, 
Zhumabekov added, constantly monitors the work of local election 
commissions and local executive authorities. 
 
 
 
Enforcing Law and Fairness - Independently 
 
------------------------------------------ 
 
ASTANA 00000043  002.2 OF 002 
 
 
 
 
 
6. (SBU) In response to Ambassador Boucher's question on the 
Central Election Commission's purview, Zhumabekov explained that 
his organization is charged with enforcing the law on elections. 
 Campaigning is within the Commission's realm, but public 
demonstrations are not.  It is the Commission's responsibility 
to ensure equal access for candidates to the press.  The 
Commission also monitors the fairness of payment procedures for 
candidates wishing to advertise in the media; candidates are, 
however, free to negotiate their own financial arrangements. 
Zhumabekov noted that the Commission has more control over state 
media than over private outlets.  It oversees compliance with 
the law requiring state media outlets to provide, free of 
charge, basic information on political candidates.  In any case, 
he noted, the state's share in the media is currently 20% and 
falling. 
 
 

 
7. (SBU) Zhumabekov stated that the Commission is a fully 
independent body, unassociated with any branch of government. 
It consists of seven people chosen by the Mazhilis, on the 
recommendation of the President, to serve five-year terms. 
Likewise, members of local election commissions are chosen for 
five-year terms by the Maslikhats on recommendation of "all the 
political parties."  The Commission's budget is derived from the 
budget proposal submitted to the government by the Republican 
Budget Commission (RBC).  The CEC defends its budget provisions 
with the RBC, the government, and the Parliament.  But, 
Zhumabekov noted, "our proposals do not meet resistance at any 
level."  Once the funding is granted, he continued, the 
Commission is fully free to disburse it as it sees fit. 
 
 
 
8. (U) This message has been cleared by A/S Boucher. 
TRACY

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06ASTANA42, KAZAKHSTAN: ASSISTANT SECRETARY BOUCHER MEETS WITH TRANSPORT

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Reference ID Created Released Classification Origin
06ASTANA42 2006-05-10 16:07 2011-08-30 01:44 UNCLASSIFIED//FOR OFFICIAL USE ONLY Embassy Astana

VZCZCXRO0124
RR RUEHAST RUEHDBU
DE RUEHAST #0042/01 1301607
ZNR UUUUU ZZH
R 101607Z MAY 06
FM USOFFICE ASTANA
TO RUEHC/SECSTATE WASHDC 0125
INFO RUEHTA/AMEMBASSY ALMATY 0117
RUEHEK/AMEMBASSY BISHKEK 0021
RUEHBUL/AMEMBASSY KABUL 0031
RUEHDBU/AMEMBASSY DUSHANBE 0021
RUEHNT/AMEMBASSY TASHKENT 0017
RUEHAH/AMEMBASSY ASHGABAT 0017
RUEHAST/USOFFICE ASTANA 0127

UNCLAS SECTION 01 OF 02 ASTANA 000042 
 
SIPDIS 
 
SENSITIVE 
SIPDIS 
 
SCA/CEN - O'MARA, MUDGE 
 
E.O. 12958: N/A 
TAGS: ETRD ECON EAIR KZ AF TI UZ KG TX ZK
SUBJECT: KAZAKHSTAN: ASSISTANT SECRETARY BOUCHER MEETS WITH TRANSPORT 
MINISTER MAMIN 
 
 
1. (SBU) Summary:  During a May 5 meeting with Assistant 
Secretary Boucher and Elisabeth Millard of the NSC, Minister of 
 
SIPDIS 
Transport and Communications Mamin discussed the new $26 billion 
Transportation Strategy, ambitious plans for Air Astana, and 
ideas for infrastructure projects aimed to spur Kazakhstan's 
economic integration in the region.  End summary. 
 
 
 
2. (SBU) One month ago, Mamin began, the Kazakhstani government 
adopted a new 2006-2015 Transport Strategy.  The Strategy 
focuses on new transport infrastructure and has a $26 billion 
price tag.  Of this, 70% is planned to be realized through 
private investment.  The port of Aktau needs to be upgraded, 
said Mamin.  There is a firm intention to link the ports of 
Aktau and Baku by putting railcars on barges.  Another priority 
is building a new highway to link central Kazakhstan with the 
country's west.  Such a road will cut the distance by 1,000 km 
relative to the existing route.  There are also plans to 
establish a second railway link with China.  China, Mamin 
remarked, is currently shifting to its west both population and 
capital.  By 2010 there will be more than 300 million people in 
China's resource-rich northwest region. 
 
 
 
3. (SBU) Cooperation with neighboring countries of Central Asia 
is an important issue, Mamin noted.  They are all, he remarked, 
at different stages of economic development.  The Kazakhstani 
government is holding consultations with its Central Asian 
counterparts.  The latest round, focusing on the transportation 
needs of Afghanistan, took place in Kazakhstan on March 29. 
Kazakhstan is also exploring various transportation routes 
within three multilateral frameworks: TRACECA, the Organization 
for Economic Cooperation (OEC), and the Eurasian Economic 
Community (EurAsEC).  Mamin remarked that collaboration in the 
OEC framework is not particularly effective due to 
"discrepancies in the region."  On some programs, he added, 
there is a lack of understanding on the part of Uzbekistan. 
(Note:  TRACECA, the Europe-Caucasus-Central Asia Transport 
Corridor Program, encompasses 13 countries of Eastern Europe, 
the Caucasus, and Central Asia, including Afghanistan, and seeks 
the development of transportation links between Europe and Asia. 
 OEC consists of the five Central Asian countries plus Iran, 
Turkey, Azerbaijan, and Afghanistan.  EurAsEc is made up of 
Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, Uzbekistan, Russia, and 
Belarus.  End note.) 
 
4. (SBU) Mamin mentioned visit that day to Astana of 
Tajikistan's President Rahmonov.  The discussions, he said, 
included establishing the 
Kazakhstan-Kyrgyzstan-Tajikistan-Afghanistan- Pakistan road 
corridor.  Kyrgyzstan is in the process of reconstructing 807 km 
of roads, and Tajikistan is also conducting selective repairs. 
The road from Tajikistan to Afghanistan is in satisfactory 
condition, Mamin noted, but the link between Pakistan and 
Afghanistan is worse.  Noting that the total distance from 
Almaty to Karachi is 3500 km, Mamin observed that if 
Afghanistan, with U.S. help, establishes a viable road link, 
Kazakhstan will have good access to Pakistan.  The Assistant 
Secretary noted the tremendous size of India's market and the 
 
SIPDIS 
possibility of linking Pakistan with India.  He also mentioned 
the importance for Kazakhstan of establishing transportation 
links in multiple directions, both to expand its economic 
possibilities and strengthen its economic independence. 
 
5. (SBU) Mamin went on to discuss aviation issues.  Kazakhstan 
links its hopes of air market development to Air Astana, "a new 
company that is quite dynamic," he said.  Kazakhstan wants to 
have 35-40 aircraft by 2015.  Next month Mamin plans to hold 
discussions with Boeing and Airbus.  Kazakhstan is establishing 
three air hubs, he said: Almaty, Astana, and Atyrau ("the oil 
capital").  There is regional competition from Tashkent, which 
thanks to government policies enjoys new planes and developed 
airports.  But, Mamin said, Kazakhstan is now taking over. 
International carriers are switching from Tashkent to Almaty as 
well as Astana.  Kazakhstan is also actively reconstructing its 
ground infrastructure, at the rate of two to three runways per 
year, as well as terminals.  Starting next year, there is also a 
plan to ban flights on all Soviet-era aircraft and switch to 
western planes. 
 
6. (SBU) Mamin said that the Kazakhstani government is not 
currently interested in signing Open Skies Agreements. 
 
ASTANA 0000
0042  002 OF 002 
 
 
Kazakhstan, he explained, has bilateral relationships and is 
focusing on developing its domestic carrier, Air Astana, which 
operates under British management.  Still, he added, we impose 
essentially no limitations.  Responding to the Assistant 
Secretary's question on the possibility of starting flights to 
 
SIPDIS 
Kabul, Mamin replied that for economic reasons Air Astana 
currently has no such plans.  There is now a Kabul-Almaty weekly 
charter flight operated by Kam Air on a Boeing 737.  That 
flight, however, has only a 26% occupancy, making the route less 
than economically feasible. 
 
 
 
7. (U) This message has been cleared by A/S Boucher. 
TRACY

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