06ASTANA891, KAZAKHSTAN: UPDATE OF WORST FORMS OF CHILD LABOR

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Reference ID Created Released Classification Origin
06ASTANA891 2006-12-20 06:44 2011-08-30 01:44 UNCLASSIFIED//FOR OFFICIAL USE ONLY Embassy Astana

VZCZCXRO9568
RR RUEHDBU RUEHLN RUEHVK RUEHYG
DE RUEHTA #0891 3540644
ZNR UUUUU ZZH
R 200644Z DEC 06
FM AMEMBASSY ASTANA
TO RUEHC/SECSTATE WASHDC 7993
RUEHC/DEPT OF LABOR WASHDC
INFO RUCNCIS/CIS COLLECTIVE
RUEHGV/USMISSION GENEVA 0946

UNCLAS ASTANA 000891 
 
SIPDIS 
 
SENSITIVE 
SIPDIS 
 
DEPT FOR SCA/CEN - O'MARA 
DOL/ILAB FOR TINA MCCARTER 
DRL/IL FOR TU DANG 
 
E.O. 12958: N/A 
TAGS: ELAB EIND ETRD PHUM SOCI USAID KZ
SUBJECT: KAZAKHSTAN: UPDATE OF WORST FORMS OF CHILD LABOR 
INFORMATION 
 
REF: A) STATE 184972, B) 05 ALMATY 3112, C) 04 ALMATY 3206 
 
1. (U) Summary:  In accordance with Ref A, this telegram provides 
updated data on Kazakhstan's compliance with international norms on 
the prevention of the worst forms of child labor.  This cable 
updates Refs B and C.  This information is provided to assist in the 
determination of Kazakhstan's continued eligibility for benefits 
under the Generalized System of Preferences (GSP).  Post concludes 
that the GOK is meeting its obligations under the relevant ILO 
Conventions to prevent and punish illegal child labor practices. 
There is currently no justification for altering Kazakhstan's 
eligibility for GSP on the basis of child labor issues.  End 
summary. 
2. (U) Note:  The request for this information in Ref A makes no 
mention of the update provided by post in 2005.  Post did provide a 
2005 update (Ref B) to the information submitted in 2004 (Ref C). 
Since information has been submitted in the past two years, this 
telegram is intended to provide another update (per Ref A).  End 
note. 
 
3. (SBU) The Ministry of Education works in conjunction with local 
authorities to prevent absenteeism in schools.  Schools closely 
monitor attendance and contact students absent for an extended 
period of time.  Ministry of Education officials conduct limited 
"raids," together with the Interior Ministry and local authorities, 
on markets, private farms, and other places where school dropouts 
are likely to be employed. 
 
4. (SBU) The problem of children missing school due to employment 
remains concentrated in the country's South, where tobacco and 
cotton farms attract, respectively, Kyrgyz and Uzbek migrants. 
These cross-border migrant laborers, the vast majority of whom are 
adults, are part of Kazakhstan's growing shadow economy.  While 
local authorities do make schooling available to migrant children, 
the school drop-out problem exists and adds to the government's 
growing challenge of dealing with its expanding migrant population. 
 
5. (SBU) In December 2005, a new statute was added to the Criminal 
Code criminalizing "recruitment for exploitation" and aimed at 
protecting minors from victimization in industries such as sex 
trade.  The Ministry of the Interior works to identify at-risk 
children (such as runaways, abused children, and children involved 
in gangs) and, in some cases, places them in "temporary detention 
and rehabilitation centers."  These centers, which provide classes 
and counseling, can serve as a stepping stone to a return home or a 
transfer to an orphanage.  The Interior Ministry also works to 
transfer those exploited children who are foreign nationals to their 
countries of origin. 
 
6. (SBU) Comment:  Post is satisfied that the Government of 
Kazakhstan takes the issue of child labor seriously.  While 
Kazakhstan is facing some challenges in this respect due to a 
growing problem of illegal migrants, the government is making 
credible efforts to deal with the migrant situation in general and 
the child labor problem in particular.  Post recommends against any 
change in Kazakhstan's GSP eligibility on the basis of child labor 
issues.  End comment. 
 
MILAS

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