07ASTANA1824, KAZAKHSTAN: BORDER GUARDS VISIT U.S. AND WANT TO STAY IN

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Reference ID Created Released Classification Origin
07ASTANA1824 2007-07-06 00:49 2011-08-30 01:44 UNCLASSIFIED//FOR OFFICIAL USE ONLY Embassy Astana

VZCZCXRO4457
RR RUEHAST
DE RUEHTA #1824/01 1870049
ZNR UUUUU ZZH
R 060049Z JUL 07
FM AMEMBASSY ASTANA
TO RUEHC/SECSTATE WASHDC//SCA COLLECTIVE/ PRIORITY 9975
INFO RUEHAST/USOFFICE ALMATY
RHMFISS/HQ USCENTCOM MACDILL AFB FL//CCJ5/
RHMFISS/HQ USEUCOM VAIHINGEN GE//ECJ5
RUEKJCS/SECDEF WASHINGTON DC//USDP/APSA-CA
RUEKJCS/SECDEF WASHINGTON DC//USDP/GSA-CN

UNCLAS SECTION 01 OF 02 ASTANA 001824 
 
SIPDIS 
 
STATE FOR SCA/CEN (OMARA), INL/AAE (ALTON AND BUHLER) 
CENTCOM FOR MALCOM AND ROESNER 
DHS FOR CBP - GLYNCO AND ARTESIA 
 
SENSITIVE 
 
SIPDIS 
 
E.O. 12958: N/A 
TAGS: SNAR PGOV KZ
SUBJECT: KAZAKHSTAN: BORDER GUARDS VISIT U.S. AND WANT TO STAY IN 
TOUCH 
 
1.  (SBU) Summary:  On May 17-26, the Director and Deputy Director 
of the Kazakhstani Border Guard training academy visited Washington, 
the Federal Law Enforcement Training Centers in Glynco, GA and 
Artesia, NM, and the Rio Grande Valley Sector of the Border Patrol 
in order to familiarize themselves with U.S. methods of securing 
borders and training officers.  The visit resulted in agreement for 
future professional cooperation between U.S. and Kazakhstani 
training academies; possible establishment of a regional training 
program for border guards of Central Asia in Almaty on the grounds 
of the Border Guard Academy; an invitation to the Chief Patrol Agent 
of the U.S. Border Patrol Academy in Artesia to visit Kazakhstan; 
and a request to send two Kazakhstani border guards to receive basic 
training at the CBP Academy in Glynco, Georgia.  End summary. 
 
----------- 
BACKGROUND 
----------- 
 
2.  (U) As part of the INL project to combat transnational crime at 
Kazakhstan's borders, INL proposed creating a professional 
relationship between the border guard training institutes of the 
U.S. and Kazakhstan.  As the first step, in the spring of 2006 INL 
Assistant Secretary Anne Patterson and Ambassador Ordway invited of 
the Head of the Military Institute, Major General Bauyrzhan 
Yelubayev, to visit the U.S. 
 
3.  (U) Over the last year Yelubayev expressed interest in reforming 
the border guard training system for cadets and in-service officers. 
 He said that Kazakhstan should abandon the use of border troops as 
a military vanguard protecting the country and reorient the service 
to perform a multi-mission law enforcement role.  He asserted that 
the main threat at the border for Kazakhstan is transnational crime, 
especially narcotics trafficking from Afghanistan.  Additionally, 
stability in the country and economic opportunity attract illegal 
migrants from Kyrgyzstan, Uzbekistan, Tajikistan and even Russia. 
Therefore, INL organized a visit to the Customs and Border 
Protection Academy on the campus of the Department of Homeland 
Security's Federal Law Enforcement Training Center in Glynco, GA, 
the U.S. Border Patrol Academy on the grounds of the Federal Law 
Enforcement Training Center in Artesia, NM, and the Rio Grande 
Valley Sector of the Border Patrol. 
 
 
--------------------------------------------- -------- 
STATE-DOD INTEREST IN REGIONAL BORDER GUARD TRAINING IN ALMATY 
--------------------------------------------- -------- 
 
4.  (U) INL launched the visit of Major General Bauyrzhan Yelubayev 
and Colonel Nazym Muzdybayev, Director and Deputy Director 
respectively of the Military Institute of the Committee for National 
Security (which trains Kazakhstani Border Guards), with meetings at 
State and the Pentagon.  In conjunction with the visit, Astana INL 
Officer and INL/AAE Desk Officer met with DASD for Central Asia, 
Mitch Shivers, to discuss joint State-DOD efforts to combat 
narcotics through improved border security in Central Asia. 
 
5.  (SBU) INL meetings with DASD for Central Asia as well as 
Yelubayev's meetings at the Pentagon with Principal Director for 
Transnational Threats, Ed Frothingham, in the office of the ASD for 
Global Security Affairs, and with State's Acting Director of INL/AAE 
revealed interest in the idea of establishing a regional border 
guard training center on the grounds of the Military Institute in 
Almaty.  Department of Defense representatives also expressed 
interest in joining with members of the Astana country team to 
consider contributing to the development of the Military Institute 
or a regional border guard training center. 
 
------------------------- 
A LOOK AT U.S. EXPERIENCE 
------------------------- 
 
6.  (U) Beyond Washington, in the U.S. Customs and Border Protection 
Field Operations Academy in Glynco, GA Dorothy Shiefer, Acting 
Director briefed on the training curricula for basic and advanced 
training for CBP officers.  The graduates of the Academy work at 
international airports, seaports and land border crossings. 
Yelubayev said that using tools and technology as well as real life 
role plays during training is the best way to prepare the officers 
for real life situations when they are on duty.  He expressed the 
willingness to send some of his graduates to receive basic training 
at CBP Academy.  Shiefer agreed that this was an avenue of 
cooperation that should be explored.  (Comment: Notwithstanding that 
 
ASTANA 00001824  002 OF 002 
 
 
the government of Kazakhstan deploys border forces differently than 
the U.S. the tasks of border protection, passport control, and 
customs enforcement are sufficiently similar to permit joint 
training.  End comment.) 
 
7.  (U) The discipline, intensive training courses, and facilities &#x
000A;at the Border Patrol Academy in Artesia, NM impressed the 
Kazakhstani delegation.  Yelubayev told EmbOffs that he wanted to 
amend the Kazakhstani specialized training program on border 
management in order to have more practical exercises as is done in 
the U.S. system.  He added that his Institute has a good location 
and highly professional staff; however, the institute needs modern 
equipment and new language learning methods. 
 
8.  (U) The method for learning English and other languages at the 
institute needs to be changed, Yelubayev asserted, and the course 
vocabulary must be specialized to relate specifically to those tasks 
accomplished by a border officer as he saw at Artesia.  He requested 
that the Border Patrol Academy provide a copy of the Spanish 
language curriculum and textbooks so the Military Institute can 
modify its curriculum.  (Note: On June 12, INL provided the 
requested material which it had received from Artesia.  End note.) 
 
9.  (U) The representatives of the Public Affairs Office of the Rio 
Grande Valley Sector showed the Central Asian visitors the daily 
operations of U.S. Border Patrol agents.  Yelubayev noted that high 
quality modern equipment is very useful in the work of border patrol 
agents and having such equipment in Kazakhstan would be an asset, 
especially the video surveillance system.  Yelubayev noted that 
patrolling on the river prevents some illegal migration, but it not 
possible to control the river along the border 24 hours a day.  The 
delegation immediately grasped the concept that patrolling in 
cooperation with the intelligence analysis increases rates of drug 
seizures and arrests of illegal migrants. 
 
----------------------- 
FAST, POSITIVE FEEDBACK 
----------------------- 
 
10.  (SBU) Arriving back in Kazakhstan on May 29 General Yelubayev 
reported to Armangeldy Shabdarbayev, Chairman of the Committee for 
National Security about the visit on May 31, and met with EmbOffs on 
June 1.  Yelubayev reported that Shabdarbayev supported the idea of 
opening the Military Institute to regional training courses; the 
invitation of Charles Whitmire, Head of CBP Border Patrol Academy 
Artesia to visit the Military Institute; and concurred with sending 
two graduates of the Military Institute with excellent English 
language skills to attend the basic course at CBP Academy in 
Glynco. 
 
 
------- 
COMMENT 
------- 
 
11.  (SBU) The system of training Border Patrol and CBP officers in 
the U.S. definitely caught the attention of the Kazakhstani 
delegation.  Yelubayev seemed very interested in reducing the 
four-year training program of border guard officers in Kazakhstan 
and saw much to admire in the U.S. 17-week program.  While the U.S. 
and Kazakhstani border management systems are quite different, 
teaching the specific tasks necessary for officers to accomplish 
their missions looks to be a basis to bridge the gap. 
 
MILAS

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