07ASTANA2432, CODEL FALEOMAVAEGA MEETS WITH PRESIDENT NAZARBAYEV

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Reference ID Created Released Classification Origin
07ASTANA2432 2007-09-10 07:42 2011-08-30 01:44 UNCLASSIFIED//FOR OFFICIAL USE ONLY Embassy Astana

VZCZCXRO7232
RR RUEHDBU
DE RUEHTA #2432/01 2530742
ZNR UUUUU ZZH
R 100742Z SEP 07 ZDK PER MSMC
FM AMEMBASSY ASTANA
TO RUEHC/SECSTATE WASHDC 0581
INFO RUEHAH/AMEMBASSY ASHGABAT 7241
RUEHEK/AMEMBASSY BISHKEK 8138
RUEHDBU/AMEMBASSY DUSHANBE 2241
RUEHMO/AMEMBASSY MOSCOW 1489
RUEHNT/AMEMBASSY TASHKENT 8032
RUEHVEN/USMISSION USOSCE 1825

UNCLAS SECTION 01 OF 02 ASTANA 002432 
 
SIPDIS 
 
SENSITIVE 
SIPDIS 
 
SCA/CEN FOR M. O'MARA 
 
C O R R E C T E D  C O P Y  original garbled 
 
E.O. 12958: N/A 
TAGS: PGOV PREL KZ
SUBJECT: CODEL FALEOMAVAEGA MEETS WITH PRESIDENT NAZARBAYEV 
 
ASTANA 00002432  001.2 OF 002 
 
 
1. (SBU) Summary: In a one-hour meeting with Congressmen 
Faleomavaega and Cannon and the Ambassador, President 
Nazarbayev discussed Kazakhstan's development, praised U.S.- 
Kazakhstan relations, critiqued U.S. foreign policy and 
offered advice on Russia.  Nazarbayev called Kazakhstan the 
United States' strongest ally in the region on terrorism, 
non-proliferation, and extremism and said that Kazakhstan 
still hopes for U.S. support for its OSCE chairmanship bid. 
He remarked that U.S. talk of spreading democracy in the 
Middle East and Central Asia "raises questions."  In 
Afghanistan, "you can't have democracy," he opined. 
Nazarbayev expressed concern about relations between Russia 
and the West, saying that "no one is setting policy on 
Russia."  End Summary. 
 
2. (SBU) President Nazarbayev began his one-hour meeting with 
Congressmen Faleomavaega and Cannon and the Ambassador by 
thanking the U.S. for its support and for its "friendly 
advice" and "good criticism."  Nazarbayev remarked that U.S. 
assistance is important for Kazakhstan's independence because 
of its difficult position "among Russia, China, and the 
Islamic world." He also highlighted key areas of U.S.- 
Kazakhstan cooperation, calling Kazakhstan the United States' 
strongest regional ally on issues such as non-proliferation, 
terrorism, and extremism.  "We are supporting the U.S in Iraq 
and Afghanistan," he said, "and believe these are our common 
missions."  Nazarbayev added that Kazakhstan is ready for the 
chairmanship of the OSCE, and believes and hopes that the 
U.S. will support its bid. 
 
3. (SBU) Nazarbayev then assessed Kazakhstan's progress.  At 
the time of the collapse of the Soviet Union, Kazakhstan's 
development was ahead of only Turkmenistan and Tajikistan 
among Soviet republics, according to Nazarbayev. Now, he 
said, "we are in first place." In economic and political and 
social achievement, "Kazakhstan is the most progressive," he 
claimed.  Nazarbayev noted that the economy has grown 10% 
annually and that the well-being of the population has 
increased significantly.  He described recent constitutional 
amendments as further advancing democracy by strengthening 
the parliament and giving presidential functions to the 
parliament and local authorities. 
 
4. (SBU) Turning his attention to U.S. foreign policy, 
Nazarbayev said that a missile defense system in Europe might 
be the right idea, but that the timing and manner of 
implementation is wrong.  He lectured on U.S. efforts to 
promote democracy in Central Asia and the Middle East, 
efforts which he believes "raise questions." Many of the 
leaders who support the U.S. in the region are not democrats, 
he said.  The opposition in the region is composed of 
extremists, communists/socialists, and nationalists. 
Nazarbayev emphasized that "here is a different culture" and 
that movement must come gradually.  He was particularly 
skeptical about Afghanistan and Iraq.  "You can't have 
democracy in Afghanistan, he said. "The day your troops leave 
it would be an Islamic country." He predicted a similar 
scenario in Iraq. 
 
5. (SBU) Nazarbayev next analyzed Russia and its relations 
with West.  Talks of a missile defense system are creating a 
wave of nationalism in Russia, opined Nazarbayev.  All 
Russians are applauding as Russia resumes strategic bomber 
flights and pursues a new generation of weapons.  "We don't 
feel very happy about this escalation," said Nazarbayev.  "I 
told Putin this is a stupid policy.  Russia should not 
confront the western world," he added. 
 
6. (SBU) Nazarbayev was also critical of Western strategies 
toward Russia.  "I have a feeling that no one is setting 
policy on Russia," he said.  Russia needs to be embraced, he 
suggested, and not pushed away.  Western countries must 
consider that Russian pride has been hurt with the collapse 
of the Soviet Union, but instead they are talking with a 
"blunt and rude message." This ineffective approach, he 
stated, concerns Kazakhstan because "it splits the world into 
confrontation." 
 
7. (SBU) Finally, Nazarbayev discussed disarmament.  He 
accused nuclear-weapons states of discrimination, because 
they continue to develop their arsenals while others are not 
allowed to pursue nuclear weapons.  He recommended that the 
U.S. reduce its arsenal and promise to stop further 
development of nuclear weapons.  He also suggested that the 
 
ASTANA 00002432  002.2 OF 002 
 
 
U.S. introduce a new treaty to replace the Treaty on the 
Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons that would forbid the 
use, development, or transportation of nuclear weapons. 
 
8. Codel Faleomavaega did not clear this cable. 
ORDWAY

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