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Reference ID Created Released Classification Origin
08ASTANA342 2008-02-19 03:53 2011-08-30 01:44 SECRET Embassy Astana

DE RUEHTA #0342/01 0500353
P 190353Z FEB 08

S E C R E T SECTION 01 OF 02 ASTANA 000342 
E.O. 12958: DECL: 02/19/2018 
REF: 07 ASTANA 2933 (NOTAL) 
Classified By: Ambassador John Ordway, Reasons 1.4 (b) and (d) 
1. (S) President Nazarbayev thanked Assistant Secretary 
Boucher for U.S. support for Kazakhstan's OSCE chairmanship 
bid during a February 11 meeting.  (Septel provides details 
of their discussion of the commitments on democratic reform 
that Kazakhstan made at the OSCE Madrid ministerial.) 
Nazarbayev said Prime Minister Masimov's March visit to the 
U.S. would advance the bilateral strategic partnership, and 
promised that Masimov would reaffirm Kazakhstan's support in 
Iraq and Afghanistan.  Nazarbayev praised U.S. support for 
the Kazakhstani military, in particular the Huey-II program. 
He expressed doubts about expansion of the CPC pipeline, 
explaining that Kazakhstan would continue to seek alternative 
transportation options.  Nazarbayev stressed that Kazakhstan 
strongly supported the UN Security Council resolutions on 
Iran, and recounted his own efforts to press Iran to comply 
with them.  End Summary. 
OSCE and Path to Europe 
2. (C) During a February 11 meeting in Astana, President 
Nursultan Nazarbayev expressed appreciation to visiting 
Assistant Secretary of State Richard Boucher for U.S. support 
for Kazakhstan's successful bid for the 2010 chairmanship of 
the Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe 
(OSCE).  In preparing for the chairmanship, Kazakhstan would 
implement a "Path to Europe" program -- which Nazarbayev had 
announced in his February 6 state of the nation speech -- 
aimed at enhancing cooperation with Europe.  Nazarbayev 
affirmed that Kazakhstan had begun the process of fulfilling 
the commitments on democratic reform it had made at the 
Madrid OSCE ministerial.  Boucher pressed for full 
implementation and said "we will walk the Path to Europe with 
you." (See septel for further details.) 
--------------------------------------------- --- 
Prime Minister's U.S. Visit, Bilateral Relations 
--------------------------------------------- --- 
3. (C) Nazarbayev told Boucher that Prime Minister Masimov's 
March visit to Washington would advance the bilateral 
strategic partnership.  Masimov, he noted, will launch 
Public-Private Partnership Initiative (PPPI) to elevate our 
economic dialogue.  The visit will also be an opportunity to 
discuss the development of trans-Caspian transportation 
routes for oil and gas.  Nazarbayev promised that Masimov 
would reaffirm Kazakhstan's continued support in Iraq and its 
commitment to participate in Afghan reconstruction. 
4. (C) Boucher noted that bilateral relations have become 
more dynamic since Nazarbayev's September 2006 visit to 
Washington.  President Bush and Secretary Rice are committed 
to further strengthening our strategic partnership over the 
coming months.  We want to build on the momentum of recent 
achievements, Boucher explained.  We concluded a good 
five-year military cooperation program at the recent 
Bilateral Defense Consultations.  Extension of the 
Cooperative Threat Reduction (CTR) agreement is an important 
achievement.  Kazakhstan's successful restructuring of the 
Kashagan consortium may create additional opportunities for 
energy cooperation. 
5. (C) Nazarbayev hailed U.S. support for Kazakhstan's 
military, in particular, U.S. provision of Huey-II 
helicopters.  He also thanked Boucher for the continuation of 
robust bilateral nonproliferation cooperation.  Nazarbayev 
said that Kazakhstan would welcome a visit by President Bush 
in 2008. 
6. (C) Nazarbayev told Boucher that he did not expect an 
expansion of the Caspian Pipeline Consortium (CPC) pipeline. 
For that reason, Kazakhstan is looking at alternative 
transportation options.  Nazarbayev explained that Kazakhstan 
is working with the other Caspian littoral states on a 
Caspian delimitation agreement which he hoped would be signed 
at their 2008 summit meeting in Baku.  Nazarbayev welcomed 
ASTANA 00000342  002 OF 002 
U.S. support for Kazakhstan's efforts to work more closely 
with Turkmenistan on Caspian energy development. 
Regional Integration 
7. (C) Boucher affirmed that U.S. will continue to support 
Central Asia regional integration through the development of 
stronger energy, trade, and transportation links.  Nazarbayev 
said that economic integration among the Central Asian 
countries is difficult because of Soviet-era legacies as well 
as the post-Soviet experiences.  Russia blocked his earlier 
initiative to form a Central Asia union.  Kazakhstan could 
sign a three-party agreement with Tajikistan and Kyrgyzstan, 
but does not want to leave Turkmenistan and Uzbekistan 
behind.  Kazakhstan welco
mes U.S. support as it continues to 
press forward on its regional integration efforts, Nazarbayev 
8. (C) Boucher noted that the U.S. has been receiving signals 
from Tashkent that Uzbekistan wants to improve relations with 
the U.S.  He asked whether President Nazarbayev detected any 
signs that Uzbek President Karimov is reassessing relations 
with Washington.  Nazarbayev could not confirm whether there 
were any indications of a shift in Karimov's views, but in 
any case, he said, Karimov can not go against his promises to 
Russia, which no one had forced him to make.  Nazarbayev 
noted that it is in Karimov's nature to constantly change his 
ideas.  Nazarbayev recalled that during his September 2006 
White House meeting with President Bush he had stressed the 
importance of the U.S. improving relations with Uzbekistan. 
9. (S) Nazarbayev recounted his October 2007 meetings in 
Tehran with Iranian President Ahmadinejad and Supreme Leader 
Khomenei in which he pressed Iran to reverse its reckless 
nuclear policy.  He had urged Iran to step back and comply 
with the UN Security Council resolutions.  If sanctions on 
Iran are lifted, Kazakhstan and Iran could then engage in 
trade and energy cooperation, Nazarbayev told his Iranian 
interlocutors.  Ahmadinejad responded to Nazarbayev that Iran 
would not back down.  If Iran complied with U.S. demands, 
Washington would only come up with new reasons to confront 
Tehran.  Iran would agree to open talks with the U.S., but 
without any preconditions, Ahmedinejad claimed. (See reftel 
for further details.) 
10. (C) Nazarbayev said he had asked the Chinese whether they 
would work to persuade Iran to step back from its policy. 
Boucher noted that China prefers not to take the lead in 
resolving international disputes.   The U.S., however, is 
trying to keep China engaged on Iran through the UN Security 
Council process.  Nazarbayev said that Kazakhstan strongly 
supports the UN Security Council resolutions on Iran.  He 
stressed that Kazakhstan will continue to support U.S. policy 
towards Iran, though this is a delicate issue for Kazakhstan 
because of its relations with Russia and China. 
11. (C) Nazarbayev told Boucher that in his numerous 
conversations with Russian President Putin, he has stressed 
that a nation is a great power not because of its energy 
resources, but because of its positive contributions to 
global developments.  Nazarbayev has encouraged Putin to 
shift his policy towards the West now that he has established 
prosperity and stability in Russia. 


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