08ASTANA2122, KAZAKHSTAN ESTH UPDATE, SEPTEMBER 2008

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Reference ID Created Released Classification Origin
08ASTANA2122 2008-10-28 08:20 2011-08-30 01:44 UNCLASSIFIED Embassy Astana

VZCZCXRO6351
OO RUEHAG RUEHAST RUEHBI RUEHCI RUEHDA RUEHDF RUEHFL RUEHIK RUEHKW
RUEHLA RUEHLH RUEHLN RUEHLZ RUEHPOD RUEHPW RUEHROV RUEHSR RUEHVK
RUEHYG
DE RUEHTA #2122/01 3020820
ZNR UUUUU ZZH
O 280820Z OCT 08
FM AMEMBASSY ASTANA
TO RUEHC/SECSTATE WASHDC IMMEDIATE 3662
INFO RUCNCIS/CIS COLLECTIVE 0732
RUCNCLS/SOUTH AND CENTRAL ASIA COLLECTIVE
RUEHZL/EUROPEAN POLITICAL COLLECTIVE
RUEHBJ/AMEMBASSY BEIJING 0132
RUEHKO/AMEMBASSY TOKYO 0842
RUEHIT/AMCONSUL ISTANBUL 0059
RUEHBS/USEU BRUSSELS
RUEHVEN/USMISSION USOSCE 2016
RUCNDT/USMISSION USUN NEW YORK 1965
RUEHNO/USMISSION USNATO 2301
RUCPDOC/DEPT OF COMMERCE WASHDC
RHEBAAA/DEPT OF ENERGY WASHDC
RUEATRS/DEPT OF TREASURY WASHDC
RUEAIIA/CIA WASHDC
RHEFAAA/DIA WASHDC
RHEHNSC/NSC WASHDC 0290
RUEKJCS/SECDEF WASHDC 0210
RUEKJCS/JOINT STAFF WASHDC
RHMFIUU/CDR USCENTCOM MACDILL AFB FL

UNCLAS SECTION 01 OF 02 ASTANA 002122 
 
SIPDIS 
 
STATE FOR SCA/CEN, OES 
 
E.O. 12958: N/A 
TAGS: ECON SENV SOCI KCRM KZ
SUBJECT: KAZAKHSTAN ESTH UPDATE, SEPTEMBER 2008 
 
1.  The information for this cable on environment, science, 
technology, and health issues in Kazakhstan is drawn solely from the 
Kazakhstani press. 
 
-- Unlicensed Pharmaceutical Production Facility 
-- One in Three Pregnancies Ends in an Abortion 
-- Mass Food Poisoning at a Karaganda High School 
-- New Pet Ownership Regulations Raise Concerns 
-- Criticism of East Kazakhstan Environmental Program 
 
UNLICENSED PHARMACEUTICAL PRODUCTION FACILITY 
 
2.  The newspaper "Express-K" reported on September 25 that the 
Almaty oblast office of the National Security Committee had 
discovered an unlicensed facility manufacturing a wide range of 
pharmaceuticals in the town of Akzhar.  The pharmaceuticals were 
being produced in unsanitary conditions and sold to government and 
private medical establishments in the city of Almaty and in other 
locales.  The government is undertaking measures to ensure that 
these counterfeit pharmaceuticals are withdrawn from sale, 
"Express-K" explained. 
 
ONE IN THREE PREGNANCIES ENDS IN ABORTION 
 
3.  The press reported on September 26 that every third pregnancy in 
Kazakhstan is terminated through an induced abortion.  There are 
approximately 125,000 abortions in Kazakhstan annually.  In the city 
of Almaty, the abortion rate is particularly high:  there are 
20,000-25,000 abortions per year, compared to approximately 32,000 
live births.  Physicians are very concerned about high pregnancy and 
abortion rates for teenagers. 
 
MASS FOOD POISONING AT A KARAGANDA HIGH SCHOOL 
 
4.  The newspaper "Kazakhstan Today" reported on September 9 that 
the Karaganda oblast prosecutor's office was investigating a case of 
food poisoning that affected 65 students from a Karaganda high 
school who became ill after they had lunch in the school's 
cafeteria.  Seven students were hospitalized.   Two cafeteria 
employees who were infected with dysentery bacillus appear to have 
been the vectors for the outbreak.  Local law enforcement 
authorities opened a criminal case against the cafeteria's 
management, and the chief sanitary inspector of Karaganda oblast 
issued a decree requiring random inspections of all school 
cafeterias. 
 
NEW PET OWNERSHIP REGULATIONS RAISE CONCERN 
 
5.  New regulations on pet ownership were issued by Almaty city 
authorities on August 30.  Under the new rules, Almaty residents 
will no longer be able to own more than two cats and two dogs per 
household, and all cats and dogs will have to be registered with the 
authorities.  On September 29, the newspaper "Vremya" published 
comments from animal rights NGOs, who maintained that these 
regulations run contrary to Kazakhstan's constitution.  The "Vremya" 
article contended that the new regulations will lead to a 
significant increase in the number of abandoned pets. 
 
CRITICISM OF EAST KAZAKHSTAN ENVIROMENTAL PROGRAM 
 
6.  The newspaper "Megapolis" reported on September 30 that deputies 
from the maslikhat (legislature) of East Kazakhstan oblast had 
criticized the region's 2008-10 environmental protection program, 
under which 2008 was declared to be the "Year of Environmental 
Protection" in East Kazakhstan.  Following these criticisms, East 
Kazakhstan's governor convened a coordination council to discuss the 
program's implementation.  According to "Megapolis," some members of 
the coordination council believe the program, which was based on 
recommendations from the national-level Ministry of Environmental 
Protection, does not meet the needs of the oblast and will not 
improve the environmental situation there. 
 
ASTANA 00002122  002 OF 002 
 
 
 
HOAGLAND

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