08ASTANA2293, KAZAKHSTAN: OCTOBER ENVIRONMENT UPDATE

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Reference ID Created Released Classification Origin
08ASTANA2293 2008-11-24 04:08 2011-08-30 01:44 UNCLASSIFIED//FOR OFFICIAL USE ONLY Embassy Astana

VZCZCXRO7568
OO RUEHAG RUEHAST RUEHBI RUEHCI RUEHDA RUEHDF RUEHFL RUEHIK RUEHKW
RUEHLA RUEHLH RUEHLN RUEHLZ RUEHNEH RUEHNP RUEHPOD RUEHPW RUEHROV
RUEHSR RUEHVK RUEHYG
DE RUEHTA #2293/01 3290408
ZNR UUUUU ZZH
O 240408Z NOV 08
FM AMEMBASSY ASTANA
TO RUEHC/SECSTATE WASHDC IMMEDIATE 3889
INFO RUCNCIS/CIS COLLECTIVE 0830
RUCNCLS/SOUTH AND CENTRAL ASIA COLLECTIVE
RUEHZL/EUROPEAN POLITICAL COLLECTIVE
RUEHBJ/AMEMBASSY BEIJING 0229
RUEHKO/AMEMBASSY TOKYO 0939
RUCNDT/USMISSION USUN NEW YORK 2065
RUEHNO/USMISSION USNATO 2397
RHEBAAA/DEPT OF ENERGY WASHDC
RUCPDOC/DEPT OF COMMERCE WASHDC
RUEATRS/DEPT OF TREASURY WASHDC
RUEAIIA/CIA WASHDC
RHEFAAA/DIA WASHDC
RHEHNSC/NSC WASHDC 0397
RUEKJCS/SECDEF WASHDC 0312
RUEKJCS/JOINT STAFF WASHDC
RHMFIUU/CDR USCENTCOM MACDILL AFB FL

UNCLAS SECTION 01 OF 02 ASTANA 002293 
 
SENSITIVE 
SIPDIS 
 
STATE FOR SCA/CEN, EEB/ESC, SCA/PPD, EUR/CARC 
STATE PLEASE PASS TO USTDA DAN STEIN 
 
E.O. 12958: N/A 
TAGS: SENV ECON EAGR TSPL ZK KZ
SUBJECT:  KAZAKHSTAN:  OCTOBER ENVIRONMENT UPDATE 
 
1.  (U) Sensitive but unclassified.  Not for public Internet. 
 
2.  (U) SUMMARY:  This information is drawn primarily from the 
Kazakhstani press and has not been verified.  The opinions expressed 
in this report, therefore, should not be interpreted as official 
positions and/or policy of the U.S. Government. 
 
-- Parliament Ratifies Agreements with the World Bank 
-- WHO General Director and UNICEF Executive Director Visit 
-- Ministry of Health Official Calls for Lifting Audit Ban 
-- High Rate of Heart Disease Raises Concerns 
-- Woman Dies of Rabies in Southern Kazakhstan 
-- Auto Emissions Inspections in Almaty 
-- Kazakhstan Approves Space Development Strategy 
-- UNDP Climate Change Report 
-- KazSat Satellite Restored 
-- Potable Water Program Violations 
END SUMMARY. 
 
WORLD BANK AGREEMENTS RATIFIED 
 
3.  (U) On October 22, the parliament ratified an agreement between 
the Republic of Kazakhstan and the World Bank on the provision of a 
loan to implement the Kazakhstan Health Sector Technology Transfer 
and Institutional Reform project.  The parliament also ratified two 
additional agreements with the World Bank to provide loans to 
implement the Ust-Kamenogorsk Environmental Remediation Project and 
the Kazakhstan Technology Commercialization Project.   The loan 
amount for the three projects is approximately $206 million. 
 
VISIT OF WHO GENERAL DIRECTOR AND UNICEF EXECUTIVE DIRECTOR 
 
4.  (U) World Health Organization General Director Margaret Chan and 
UNICEF Executive Director Ann Veneman paid their first official 
visits to Kazakhstan on October 14-16.  They met President 
Nazarbayev and other top officials and attended an international 
conference dedicated to the 30th anniversary of the Almaty 
Declaration on Primary Health Care.  Chan emphasized that Kazakhstan 
needs to address such health issues as tuberculosis, diabetes and 
heart disease.  After meetings with President Nazarbayev and Foreign 
Minister Marat Tazhin, it was announced that a special fund for 
health care projects will be established in Kazakhstan and national 
health care funding will be increased to as much as 4% of gross 
domestic product. 
 
MINISTRY OF HEALTH OFFICIAL CALLS FOR LIFTING AUDIT BAN 
 
5.  (U) On October 29, Syzdyk Baimukhanov, Chairman of the 
Pharmaceutical Control Committee under the Ministry of Health, 
called for lifting the ban on inspections of health institutions. 
His motion was submitted for review to the Prime Minister's office. 
According to the officials of the Ministry of Health, an increasing 
amount of counterfeit medicines have been found in Kazakhstan and 
they believe that the current ban on inspections of small and medium 
businesses, including pharmacies, is to blame. 
 
HIGH RATE OF HEART DISEASE RAISES CONCERNS 
 
6.  (U) At a press conference in Almaty on heart disease, health 
experts expressed concern with the high rate of heart disease in 
Kazakhstan.  According to their research, approximately 15% of the 
Kazakhstani population is diagnosed with heart disease every year. 
 
WOMAN DIES OF RABIES IN SOUTHERN KAZAKHSTAN 
 
7.  (U) On October 31, a woman diagnosed with rabies died in 
Shymkent in southern Kazakhstan. The source of the infection was not 
identified. 
 
AUTOMOBILE EMISSIONS INSPECTIONS IN ALMATY 
 
8.  (U) In accordance with new technical regulations on automobile 
 
ASTANA 00002293  002 OF 002 
 
 
emissions, Almaty mayor Akhmetzhan Yessimov issued a decree to carry 
out inspections of automobile emissions and gas stations from 
September 15 - October 15.  The mayor referred to the recent 
decision of the Kazakhstani government to move to the UN ECE Euro-2 
fuel standard, which includes stricter toxicity monitoring. 
Inspections have been followed by administrative fines and warnings 
to car owners, gas stations and other businesses. 
 
KAZAKHSTAN APPROVES SPACE DEVELOPMENT STRATEGY 
 
9.  (U) On October 7, Kazakhstan's Space Development Strategy 2020 
was approved by the Space Council of the Government of Kazakhstan. 
The budget of the national space program will make no less than $6 
billion.  According to Meirbek Moldabekov, deputy chairman of t
he 
Kazakhstan National Space Agency, Kazakhstan intends to participate 
in a project to establish an ultraviolet world space observatory and 
plans to build its own spacecraft assembly and test facility. 
 
UNDP PRESENTS CLIMATE CHANGE REPORT 
 
10.  (U) On October 29, the United Nations Development Program in 
Kazakhstan presented its National Development Report "Climate Change 
and its Influence on the Development of Kazakhstan".  The report 
includes projections of how global warming may affect national grain 
production, cattle breeding, forestry, land use, and water 
management. The project also forecasts the increasing vulnerability 
of the population in case of natural disaster. 
 
SATELLITE REPAIRED AND OPERATIONAL 
 
11.  (U) On October 31, control over Kazakhstan's first satellite 
(KazSat) was restored. On June 8, the $65 million satellite stopped 
working due to a computer malfunction, two years after its launch. 
The Russian Khrunichev State Research and Production Centre managed 
to reboot the onboard computer and continued system tests before 
resuming operation of KazSat. 
 
POTABLE WATER PROGRAM VIOLATIONS 
 
12.  (U) In October, the Prosecutor-General's Office carried out a 
series of regional inspections to assess implementation of the 
national potable water program 2002-2010.  The $959 million program 
is aimed at providing local citizens living in remote rural areas 
with access to potable water.  However, prosecutors' inspections 
disclosed numerous cases of embezzlement and abuse across the 
country.  In many regions water supply and sewage systems are still 
in very poor condition.  To date, sixteen corruption charges have 
been brought against local officials. 
 
HOAGLAND

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