09ASTANA148, KAZAKHSTAN: UPDATE OF INFORMATION ON WORST FORMS OF CHILD

WikiLeaks Link

To understand the justification used for the classification of each cable, please use this WikiSource article as reference.
Discussing cables
If you find meaningful or important information in a cable, please link directly to its unique reference number. Linking to a specific paragraph in the body of a cable is also possible by copying the appropriate link (to be found at theparagraph symbol).Please mark messages for social networking services like Twitter with the hash tags #cablegate and a hash containing the reference ID e.g. #09ASTANA148.
Reference ID Created Released Classification Origin
09ASTANA148 2009-01-26 10:45 2011-08-30 01:44 UNCLASSIFIED Embassy Astana

VZCZCXRO5013
OO RUEHAST
DE RUEHTA #0148/01 0261045
ZNR UUUUU ZZH
O 261045Z JAN 09
FM AMEMBASSY ASTANA
TO RUEHC/SECSTATE WASHDC IMMEDIATE 4446
RUEHC/DEPT OF LABOR WASHDC IMMEDIATE
INFO RUCNCIS/CIS COLLECTIVE 1091
RUCNCLS/SOUTH AND CENTRAL ASIA COLLECTIVE
RUEHZL/EUROPEAN POLITICAL COLLECTIVE
RUEHBJ/AMEMBASSY BEIJING 0489
RUEHKO/AMEMBASSY TOKYO 1195
RHEBAAA/DEPT OF ENERGY WASHDC
RUCPDOC/DEPT OF COMMERCE WASHDC
RUEATRS/DEPT OF TREASURY WASHDC
RUEAIIA/CIA WASHDC
RHEFAAA/DIA WASHDC
RHEHNSC/NSC WASHDC 0664
RUEKJCS/SECDEF WASHDC 0580
RUEKJCS/JOINT STAFF WASHDC
RHMFIUU/CDR USCENTCOM MACDILL AFB FL
RUEHAST/USOFFICE ALMATY 1122

UNCLAS SECTION 01 OF 02 ASTANA 000148 
 
SIPDIS 
 
STATE FOR SCA/CEN, DRL/ILCSR FOR TU DANG 
DOL/ILAB FOR TINA MCCARTER 
 
E.O. 12958: N/A 
TAGS: PGOV PHUM ELAB EIND ETRD SOCI KZ
SUBJECT:  KAZAKHSTAN:  UPDATE OF INFORMATION ON WORST FORMS OF CHILD 
LABOR 
 
REF: (A) 08 STATE 127488 
      (B) 08 ASTANA 1028 
      (C) 07 ASTANA 3256 
      (D) 06 ASTANA 891 
      (E) 05 ALMATY 3112 
      (F) 04 ALMATY 3206 
 
1.  SUMMARY: Per retel A, this cable provides updated information on 
Kazakhstan's compliance with international norms on the prevention 
of the worst forms of child labor.  The cable updates reftels C, D, 
E, and F.  This information is provided to assist in the 
determination of Kazakhstan's continued eligibility for benefits 
under the Generalized System of Preferences (GSP).  Post concludes 
that the Kazakhstani government is meeting its obligations under the 
relevant ILO Conventions to prevent and punish illegal child labor 
practices.  There is currently no justification for altering 
Kazakhstan's eligibility for the GSP on the basis of child labor 
issues.  END SUMMARY. 
 
2.  Kazakhstan does not have an acute problem with the worst forms 
of child labor, although local and international NGOs active in the 
country report that child labor is used in the seasonal production 
of cotton and tobacco, primarily in Kazakhstan's southern regions. 
There are no comprehensive national statistics on the use of child 
labor in cotton and tobacco production, although NGO studies have 
found that over 70 percent of the children employed in these fields 
are from migrant families, primarily Uzbek and Kyrgyz.  Children are 
generally not found doing hazardous jobs like heavy manufacturing, 
construction, or mining. 
 
3.  Kazakhstan is a member of the ILO Conventions "On the Worst 
Forms of Child Labor" and "On the Minimum Age for Admission to 
Employment," and other international agreements concerning child 
labor.  Kazakhstani law forbids the worst forms of child labor. 
Kazakhstan is engaged in a number of efforts to combat the worst 
forms of child labor, in partnership with international 
organizations and NGOs.  Government labor inspectors and NGOs play a 
key role in monitoring the observation of children's rights.  The 
Ministry of Labor is responsible for enforcing child labor laws and 
for administrative offences punishable by fines; the Ministry of 
Interior is responsible for investigating criminal offenses.  The 
Ministry of Labor reported no incidents involving illegal child 
labor in the first ten months of 2008; government experts have 
acknowledged, however, that more needs to be done to combat child 
labor in agriculture. 
 
4.  International organizations such as the ILO, UNICEF, and UNDP 
provide the Government of Kazakhstan with technical assistance in 
combating problems of child labor.  During 2005-2007, the Ministry 
of Labor and NGOs, supported by ILO-IPEX, completed a 3-year 
"Regional Program on the Worst Forms of Child Labor."  In January 
2006, the government established a Committee for Protection of Child 
Rights in the Ministry of Education and Science to implement 
national policy in the area of the protection of children's rights. 
In 2006, UNICEF began a pilot project entitled "Protection of 
Children's Rights and Development of a Mechanism for Monitoring 
Children's Rights," in partnership with the Ministry of Education 
and Science, Ministry of Labor and Social Protection, Human Rights 
Ombudsman's office, local governments, and NGOs.  On another front, 
local government and law enforcement officers perform inspections to 
detect school truants. 
 
5. In 2007, the government signed a two-year agreement with national 
employer associations in which the parties committed not to allow 
the use of forced labor and the worst forms of child labor, and to 
take active efforts to eradicate these forms of labor and develop 
alternative employment opportunities for children and their 
families. The Ministry of Education's 2007-2011 "Children of 
Kazakhstan" program addresses child labor issues and proposed pilot 
projects on alternative jobs for children and a series of 
Kazakh-language radio programs to raise awareness of the issue. 
Over the past two years, local NGOs have partnered with the ILO to 
 
ASTANA 00000148  002 OF 002 
 
 
implement 40 projects designed to prevent the worst forms of child 
labor in Kazakhstan. 
 
6.  COMMENT:  Post is satisfied that the Government of Kazakhstan 
takes the issue of child labor seriously.  While the problem of 
child labor among the migrant community remains a challenge, the 
government is making a credible effort to deal with the problem. 
Pos
t recommends against any change to Kazakhstan GSP eligibility on 
the basis of child labor issues.  END COMMENT. 
 
HOAGLAND

Wikileaks

Advertisements
Post a comment or leave a trackback: Trackback URL.

Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out / Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out / Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out / Change )

Google+ photo

You are commenting using your Google+ account. Log Out / Change )

Connecting to %s

%d bloggers like this: