09ASTANA359, KAZAKHSTAN: MEDIA REPORTS ON HUMAN TRAFFICKING CASES FOR

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Reference ID Created Released Classification Origin
09ASTANA359 2009-02-27 09:50 2011-08-30 01:44 UNCLASSIFIED Embassy Astana

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FM AMEMBASSY ASTANA
TO RUEHC/SECSTATE WASHDC PRIORITY 4747
INFO RUCNCIS/CIS COLLECTIVE 1261
RUCNCLS/ALL SOUTH AND CENTRAL ASIA COLLECTIVE
RUEHZL/EUROPEAN POLITICAL COLLECTIVE
RUEHBJ/AMEMBASSY BEIJING 0646
RUEHKO/AMEMBASSY TOKYO 1349
RUEHUL/AMEMBASSY SEOUL 0343
RUEAIIA/CIA WASHDC
RHEFAAA/DIA WASHDC
RHEHNSC/NSC WASHDC 0822
RUEKJCS/SECDEF WASHDC 0738
RUEKJCS/JOINT STAFF WASHDC
RHMFIUU/CDR USCENTCOM MACDILL AFB FL
RUEHAST/USOFFICE ALMATY 1255

UNCLAS SECTION 01 OF 02 ASTANA 000359 
 
SIPDIS 
 
STATE FOR INL/AAE, G/TIP, SCA/CEN (O'MARA) 
 
E.O. 12958: N/A 
TAGS: PGOV ELAB SMIG SOCI KCRM KTIP UZ KZ
SUBJECT:  KAZAKHSTAN:  MEDIA REPORTS ON HUMAN TRAFFICKING CASES FOR 
JANUARY 2009 
 
ASTANA 00000359  001.2 OF 002 
 
 
1.  The following is a summary of local media reports of human 
trafficking cases in Kazakhstan for January 2009. 
 
UNDERCOVER OPERATIONS 
 
2. January 27, Interfax, Aikyn:  Two businesswomen attempting to 
recruit women from Kyzylorda to work as prostitutes in Astana were 
arrested by undercover police at the Kyzylorda train station.  The 
women offered $400 to each victim and promised clothing and 
apartments upon arrival in the capital.  The women have been charged 
with human trafficking. 
 
TRAFFICKING IN MINORS AND A MISSING ORPHAN 
 
3. January 12, Interfax (with information from Azattyk newspaper): 
The Ministry of Interior (MVD) Press Service announced that Dr. 
Zhanibek Kusaliyev, the head of the maternity hospital in Atyrau, 
was arrested on January 8 for attempting to sell an infant for 
$4,000.  During the arrest, police found $1,900, believed to be a 
deposit, and the infant's medical records.  Kusaliyev was charged 
with trafficking in minors and is in jail while the investigation 
proceeds. 
 
4. The independent newspaper Azattyk reported that the infant in 
question was abandoned.  A 26-year old woman asked Dr. Kusaliyev 
about buying a baby to avoid the bureaucratic procedures of an 
adoption. Kusaliyev, who was also a businessmen and a member of the 
Atyrau maslikhat (city council), told the paper that his arrest was 
nothing more than a police reprisal.  He declared the trafficking 
charges against him "dead" and nearly impossible to prove.  He 
denied selling a baby and said that he had only helped a childless 
woman, giving the baby to her rather than to an orphanage.  He 
claimed that the only thing received from the woman were flowers. 
In reporting the story, the newspaper provided information from 
"unofficial sources" that male infants cost up to $5,000 and females 
cost up to $3,000. 
 
5. January 14 and 16, Liter and Aikyn:  Prosecutors in Almaty are 
investigating alleged adoption violations at the Otegen Baryr 
village orphanage after a female infant transferred to another 
orphanage in Dzhambyl oblast never arrived.  When the records were 
checked, police found that not all adoption rules were being 
followed and that some dates were inaccurate. 
 
DISABLED UZBEK MIGRANTS FORCED TO BEG? 
 
6. January 22, Era TV: Uzbeks are being forced to beg in Astana.  A 
recruiter, also from Uzbekistan, has "employed" illegal Uzbek 
migrants for almost four years to beg for cash.  A 70-year-old 
disabled man working for the recruiter claimed that the recruiter 
was also a victim because she needs money to pay for her sister's 
medical care.  The director of Kazakhstan's International Human 
Rights Bureau NGO commented that this is a crime under the 
trafficking in persons article (128) of the criminal code.  The 
recruiter is confident that she is not doing anything wrong, but 
rather is helping her compatriots to survive.  The migration police 
are aware of the case, but do not yet have sufficient evidence to 
file criminal charges. 
 
STRICTER MIGRATION CONTROLS AND ILLEGAL LABOR 
 
7. January 26, Interfax:  In 2008, Kazakhstan deported 17,000 labor 
migrants for violations of migration law.  More than 1.3 million 
labor migrants entered Kazakhstan in 2008, which is half the number 
recorded in 2007.  However, the Ministry of Internal Affairs 
reported that the number of people violating migration law did not 
decrease.  Administrative charges were brought against almost 
136,000 foreigners and 2,000 employers for illegal use of foreign 
labor. 
 
8. January 26, Khabar:  The Ministry of Internal Affairs (MVD) 
conducted operations looking for illegal migrants.  During 
inspections of construction sites in Astana, police found 2,500 
illegal labor migrants; they are to be deported. (NOTE:  There was 
no indication from the article whether police interviewed the 
illegal migrants to determine if any were victims of trafficking. 
END NOTE.) 
 
ASTANA 00000359  002.2 OF 002 
 
 
 
9. January 27, Azattyk Radiosy:  According to independent observers, 
migrants making $300-$400 monthly salaries do not fairly compete 
with local citizens in the labor market.  Kazakhstanis will not work 
for the
$10 dollars a day, though migrants from Uzbekistan, 
Kyrgyzstan, and Tajikistan are willing to do so. 
 
10. January 27, AKIpress:  The Ministry of Labor and Social 
Protection reported that the quota for foreign labor will be cut in 
half in order to protect the domestic labor market. 
 
11. January 28, Channel 31 TV:  Prime Minister Masimov said that 
migrants contribute to the growth of crime and unemployment.  Many 
construction sites where migrants worked have been shut down and 
unemployed migrants are turning to a life of crime.  He added that 
with the increased number of unemployed Kazakhstanis, it is not 
reasonable to allow unemployed labor migrants to stay in the 
country.  Masimov announced that he instructed the Cabinet of 
Ministers to enforce migration control measures.  In particular, he 
ordered illegal migrants to be deported as well as the resumption of 
the issuance of temporary residency permits to foreigners.  (NOTE: 
Foreigners had previously been permitted to stay in Kazakhstan based 
on their identification cards.  END NOTE.) 
 
HOAGLAND

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