09ASTANA559, KAZAKHSTAN: MINISTRY OF INTERNAL AFFAIRS SEEKS ASSISTANCE

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Reference ID Created Released Classification Origin
09ASTANA559 2009-03-31 11:53 2011-08-30 01:44 UNCLASSIFIED//FOR OFFICIAL USE ONLY Embassy Astana

VZCZCXRO5035
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RUEHKW RUEHLA RUEHLH RUEHLN RUEHLZ RUEHNEH RUEHNP RUEHPOD RUEHPW
RUEHROV RUEHSK RUEHSR RUEHVK RUEHYG
DE RUEHTA #0559/01 0901153
ZNR UUUUU ZZH
O 311153Z MAR 09
FM AMEMBASSY ASTANA
TO RUEHC/SECSTATE WASHDC IMMEDIATE 5061
INFO RUCNCIS/CIS COLLECTIVE 1428
RUCNCLS/ALL SOUTH AND CENTRAL ASIA COLLECTIVE
RUEHZL/EUROPEAN POLITICAL COLLECTIVE
RUEHBJ/AMEMBASSY BEIJING 0806
RUEHKO/AMEMBASSY TOKYO 1509
RUEHUL/AMEMBASSY SEOUL 0493
RUCNDT/USMISSION USUN NEW YORK 2241
RUEHNO/USMISSION USNATO 2571
RUEAWJA/DEPT OF JUSTICE WASHDC
RHEBAAA/DEPT OF ENERGY WASHDC
RUCPDOC/DEPT OF COMMERCE WASHDC
RUEAIIA/CIA WASHDC
RHEFAAA/DIA WASHDC
RHEHNSC/NSC WASHDC 0991
RHMCSUU/FBI WASHDC
RUEKJCS/SECDEF WASHDC 0904
RUEKJCS/JOINT STAFF WASHDC
RHMFIUU/CDR USCENTCOM MACDILL AFB FL

UNCLAS SECTION 01 OF 02 ASTANA 000559 
 
SENSITIVE 
SIPDIS 
 
STATE FOR SCA/CEN, DRL, INL/AAE 
 
E.O. 12958: N/A 
TAGS: PGOV PHUM SOCI KDEM KCRM KZ
SUBJECT:  KAZAKHSTAN:  MINISTRY OF INTERNAL AFFAIRS SEEKS ASSISTANCE 
ON "DEMOCRATIC" MEANS OF UPHOLDING PUBLIC ORDER 
 
1.  (U) Sensitive but unclassified.  Not for public Internet. 
 
2.  (SBU) The Ministry of Interior (MVD) sent a letter to the 
Embassy seeking guidance on how police in the United States handle 
large public gatherings and uphold public order while ensuring that 
the civil rights of participants in such gatherings are protected. 
A translation of the full text of the letter can be found in 
paragraph 5.  The letter says the MVD is studying foreign best 
practices in ensuring public security based on "democratic 
principles" and, in particular, is interested in learning about 
regulations that guide the use of force by U.S. police, tactics for 
the peaceful settlement of conflicts and crowd management, 
non-lethal equipment employed by U.S. police, and companies that 
produce such equipment and regulations governing their delivery 
overseas.  The MVD proposes holding a meeting with Embassy 
representatives to discuss potential cooperation in this area. 
 
3.  (SBU) COMMENT:  The MVD sent a similar letter to the OSCE center 
in Astana, but, as far as we know, did not send their request to 
other Western missions.  We see two somewhat interrelated concerns 
that might have lead the MVD to reach out for assistance on these 
issues.  The first is an increased awareness within the government 
that Kazakhstan's upcoming OSCE chairmanship will bring heightened 
scrutiny to the country's adherence to OSCE human rights commitments 
and standards.  The second is that the economic crisis could, in 
fact, translate into more public protests in Kazakhstan, especially 
as the weather gets warmer.  Whatever the specific motivation, we 
see the initiative as an opportunity to engage and strengthen our 
ties with the MVD and promote adherence to Western standards in 
upholding public order.  At post, the LegAtt office is taking the 
lead on coordinating a response to the MVD from Washington agencies. 
 END COMMENT. 
 
4.  (SBU) BEGIN TEXT OF LETTER: 
 
The Ministry of Internal Affairs (MVD) presents its compliments to 
the U.S. Embassy in the Republic of Kazakhstan and has the honor to 
relay the following information. 
 
During recent years, the MVD of Kazakhstan and the U.S. Embassy have 
developed constructive relations on a wide range of issues in 
counteracting international crime.  With the support of the Embassy, 
a number of joint projects have been implemented; the system of 
training police staff has been consolidated; and the material, 
technical and methodological bases of the MVD training centers have 
improved. 
 
As a part of the further improvement of police operations, MVD is 
currently studying foreign best practices in ensuring public order 
and security based on democratic principles.  We are paying 
particular attention to the actions of police first and foremost in 
large cities during various mass social, political, cultural and 
sports events.  We are interested in the methods of preventing 
various destructive incidents and mass disorder, the methods that 
would allow us to ensure a balance between observation of 
participants' civil rights and freedoms and the effectiveness of 
police operations. 
 
Unfortunately, recent events in a number of countries have shown 
that tactics used by police to localize and prevent disorders often 
prove to be ineffective.  In some incidents, harsh physical methods 
and dangerous trauma-causing implements were used against initiators 
and participants of various events. 
 
In this regard, we believe that the most effective means and methods 
for prevention of mass disorders and so-called "soft" control of 
aggressive participants of such disorders have been developed by 
U.S. police.  In this regard, the Ministry of Internal Affairs would 
appreciate the Embassy's assistance in obtaining the following 
information about the activities of U.S. police: 
 
ASTANA 00000559  002 OF 002 
 
 
 
-- Legislative regulation of the use of force, firearms and police 
tools; standards of behavior; 
-- Tactics of peaceful settlement of conflicts, crowd management, 
conduct of negotiations and mediation; 
-- Methods and special equipment for finding, seizing and detaining 
organizers and active participants of mass disorders; 
-- Conditions and practical application, as well as technical 
specificati
ons, of "soft" tools employed by police against 
aggressive participants of protest actions and mass disorders 
(including hand weapons, special bullets and charges, chemical 
substances, acoustic and electrical devices, etc.); 
-- Information about companies producing crowd management tools used 
by U.S. police for active and passive defense, as well as 
legislative and other conditions (possible restrictions) for their 
oversea deliveries. 
 
To discuss potential cooperation in this area, the Ministry of 
Internal Affairs is prepared to hold a working meeting with 
representatives of the U.S. Embassy at any time convenient to the 
American side. 
 
The Ministry of Internal Affairs avails itself of this occasion to 
renew to the Embassy of the United States of America the assurances 
of its highest consideration. 
 
Vice Minister O. Fedorov 
 
END TEXT OF LETTER 
 
HOAGLAND

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