09ASTANA660, KAZAKHSTAN: INTERNATIONAL CANINE CONFERENCE

WikiLeaks Link

To understand the justification used for the classification of each cable, please use this WikiSource article as reference.
Discussing cables
If you find meaningful or important information in a cable, please link directly to its unique reference number. Linking to a specific paragraph in the body of a cable is also possible by copying the appropriate link (to be found at theparagraph symbol).Please mark messages for social networking services like Twitter with the hash tags #cablegate and a hash containing the reference ID e.g. #09ASTANA660.
Reference ID Created Released Classification Origin
09ASTANA660 2009-04-17 10:21 2011-08-30 01:44 UNCLASSIFIED//FOR OFFICIAL USE ONLY Embassy Astana

VZCZCXRO2456
RR RUEHAG RUEHAST RUEHBI RUEHCI RUEHDA RUEHDBU RUEHDF RUEHFL RUEHIK
RUEHKW RUEHLA RUEHLH RUEHLN RUEHLZ RUEHNEH RUEHNP RUEHPOD RUEHPW
RUEHROV RUEHSK RUEHSR RUEHVK RUEHYG
DE RUEHTA #0660/01 1071021
ZNR UUUUU ZZH
R 171021Z APR 09
FM AMEMBASSY ASTANA
TO RUEHC/SECSTATE WASHDC 5188
INFO RUCNCIS/CIS COLLECTIVE 1495
RUEHZL/EUROPEAN POLITICAL COLLECTIVE
RUCNCLS/ALL SOUTH AND CENTRAL ASIA COLLECTIVE
RUEHBJ/AMEMBASSY BEIJING 0873
RUEHKO/AMEMBASSY TOKYO 1576
RUEHUL/AMEMBASSY SEOUL 0560
RUEHDI/AMCONSUL DUBAI 0143
RUEAIIA/CIA WASHDC
RHEFAAA/DIA WASHDC
RHEHNSC/NSC WASHDC 1058
RUEKJCS/SECDEF WASHDC 0972
RUEKJCS/JOINT STAFF WASHDC
RHMFIUU/CDR USCENTCOM MACDILL AFB FL
RUEHAST/USOFFICE ALMATY 1423

UNCLAS SECTION 01 OF 03 ASTANA 000660 
 
SENSITIVE 
SIPDIS 
 
STATE FOR INL/AAE, SCA/CEN 
 
E.O. 12958: N/A 
TAGS: PGOV PREL SNAR SOCI KCRM ZK KZ
SUBJECT: KAZAKHSTAN:  INTERNATIONAL CANINE CONFERENCE 
 
REF:  TASHKENT 479 
 
ASTANA 00000660  001.2 OF 003 
 
 
1. Sensitive but Unclassified. Not for Public Internet 
 
2. (SBU) SUMMARY. INL funded a March 26-27 International Conference 
on the Role of Canines in the Fight against Drug Trafficking, 
Extremism and Terrorism in Almaty.  Representatives from the canine 
services of the five Central Asian countries, Austria, and Germany 
discussed coordination and the possibility of unified canine 
standards in the region.  In general, most national representatives 
complained that insufficient budgets resulted in poor quality dogs 
and undertrained handlers.  Only Uzbekistan touted its 
accomplishments but deferred from volunteering to be a regional 
breeding center.  INL Astana believes that the Kazakhstani canine 
program is adequate and sustainable.  Kazakhstan has volunteered to 
host regional training including for Afghanistan.  Uzbekistan also 
offered to initiate an independent assessment of Central Asian 
training centers and host regional training.  Embassy Astana 
supports Tashkent's request in reftel that INL fund Uzbek 
participation in the June Kazakhstan trip to the Austrian Canine 
Center.  END SUMMARY. 
 
3. (SBU) The Military Institute of Kazakhstan's Committee for 
National Security (KNB) and the Embassies of Austria and the United 
States sponsored an International Conference on the Role of Canines 
in the Fight against Drug Trafficking, Extremism and Terrorism, 
which provided an assessment of the current situation, discussion of 
future developments, and an agreement on joint cooperation. 
Conference participants included representatives of the canine 
services of the Central Asian countries, Germany, and Austria, the 
Director of the Military Institute, the head of the Shygys Regional 
Directorate of the Kazakhstan Border Guard Service, Austrian 
Ambassador to Kazakhstan Ursula Fahringer, the IOM Chief of Mission, 
the technical advisor of the Border Management Program in Central 
Asia and Central Asia Drug Action Program (BOMCA/CADAP), and 
representatives of the Central Asian Regional Information 
Coordination Center (CARICC).   The DCM and INL Officer represented 
the Embassy. 
 
4. (SBU) Alexander Bodnar, head of the Canine Department of 
Kazakhstan's Military Institute, presented his views on the reasons 
that canine programs in Central Asia have not succeeded.  He stated 
that there are no regionally accepted methods of training canine 
specialists and dogs.  Moreover, there are an insufficient number of 
dogs meeting the selection requirements for special training.  These 
countries do not sufficiently fund their canine programs and the 
budgets provided are not sufficient to purchase quality dogs.  Law 
enforcement agency headquarters generally do not understand the 
needs of the canine services and the importance and abilities of 
their canine services.  Bodnar also complained of an insufficient 
number of instructors and managers in Central Asia capable of 
conducting training for canine specialists.  He proposed retraining 
current canine specialists as opposed to training new ones.  He also 
stated that there is very little communication among canine 
instructors in the region. 
 
5. (SBU) Bodnar presented his analysis of the canine situation in 
Central Asia based on his visits to Tajikistan and Kyrgyzstan.  He 
claimed that some dogs in the Canine Center of the Tajik Border 
Guard Service died because of insufficient care.   This incident led 
international organizations and embassies to halt assistance to the 
border guard canine service.  Donors later provided funding to care 
for ill dogs.  According to Bodnar, one of the most successful 
centers in Tajikistan is the Canine Center of the Drug Control 
Agency.  The Center provides proper conditions for dogs and canine 
teams participate in operations on a regular basis.  Bodnar stated 
that this training center only needs assistance in training 
instructors to conduct training at an appropriate level. 
 
6. (SBU) Bodnar also discussed the situation in Kyrgyzstan, which he 
described as similar to that in Tajikistan.  The State Customs 
Committee and the BOMCA/CADAP programs constructed an Interagency 
Canine Center there.  However, according to Bodnar, the canine 
service of the Ministry of Interior is in poor condition.  There is 
a professional relationship between the Kazakhstani canine services 
 
ASTANA 00000660  00
2.2 OF 003 
 
 
and the Kyrgyz Interagency Canine Center.  (COMMENT: Despite 
Bodnar's pessimistic evaluation of the situation in Kyrgyzstan and 
Tajikistan, according to statistics presented at the conference, the 
majority of seized drugs from Afghanistan along the northern 
corridor are detected by canine units. (reftel)END COMMENT) 
 
7. (SBU) Pavel Sukhodolskih, Head of the Canine and Cavalry Services 
of the Border Guard Service of Kyrgyzstan, discussed the activity of 
criminal groups within large flows of migrants.  Currently, the 
Border Guard Service, the State Customs Committee, and the Drug 
Control Agency have 54 dogs trained in searching for drugs and 
explosives; however, they are only able to cover 20% of the Kyrgyz 
border with Kazakhstan.  Sukhodolskih complained that of a lack of 
pure-bred dogs, lack of professional instructors, insufficient 
equipment, and absence of methodological literature hamper efforts 
to train specialists.  In 2008, canine specialists of the Kyrgyz 
Border Service and the Drug Control Agency experimented with joint 
border patrols.  The cooperation proved to be effective and, this 
year, they will continue to work together. 
 
8. (SBU) Davron Mirbabayev, Deputy Director of the National Canine 
Center of the State Customs Committee of Uzbekistan, maintained that 
the National Canine Center, established in 1996, has become the 
center for training, retraining, and advanced training of canine 
specialists.  The Center conducts dog selection and raises pure-bred 
dogs.  In 2008, the Center received regional status as a result of 
its work on development of the canine service.  The center has had 
extensive experience working with international experts from 
Austria, Kazakhstan, France, Russia, and Germany.  Mirbabyev said 
that the National Canine Center is always ready to cooperate with 
other countries.  He proposed monitoring graduates of regional 
courses to improve and amend canine curricula.  (COMMENT: There is 
some question if all Central Asian countries, particularly 
Tajikistan, would be willing to attend training in Uzbekistan.  END 
COMMENT) 
 
9. (SBU) The representative of the State Border Service of 
Turkmenistan stated that construction has been started on a Canine 
Center in Mary. 
 
10. (SBU) Josef Schuetzenhofer, the Head of the Austrian Ministry of 
Interior's Canine Center, discussed existing problems and prospects 
for future cooperation.  Since May 2005, he has had an opportunity 
to learn about the canine systems in Uzbekistan, Turkmenistan, and 
Kazakhstan.  He maintained that there is a lack of quality work 
dogs, a lack of breeding dogs, and improper dogs are purchased.  All 
services should pay attention to the selection of dogs, proper 
training of puppies, training dogs in a less stressful manner, 
training with proper equipment, and humane treatment of dogs.  In 
the future, Schuetzenhofer would like to see an increase in the use 
of canines, interagency cooperation, and the use of real drugs for 
training, as well as bigger budgets better used, and an improvement 
in breeding programs. 
 
11. (SBU) Conference participants agreed to hold meetings once every 
two years for managers of canine services and once a year for 
instructors to discuss training methods and tactics to stop the 
traffic of narcotics, explosives, and weapons and to combat 
extremism and terrorism in Central Asia.  They also recommended 
training canine instructors at institutes in Central Asia to improve 
teaching methods and make methods uniform.  The Kazakhstani Military 
Institute announced its willingness to host such training.  The 
Military Institute also invited the Canine Center of the Uzbek Drug 
Control Agency to conduct exchange programs. 
 
12. (SBU) The Kazakhstanis proposed a regional breeding program; the 
Uzbeks recommended revisiting the issue later.  The representatives 
of Uzbekistan's National Canine Center of the State Customs 
Committee believe that their center can breed good dogs, but it is 
not ready to provide dogs for the whole region.  Moreover, by law, 
puppies bred in Uzbekistan are the property of the Uzbek government. 
 
 
13. (SBU) Participants also recommended regional canine competitions 
in searching for drugs, weapons, and ammunition starting in 2010. 
 
ASTANA 00000660  003.2 OF 003 
 
 
Representatives of the Austrian Ministry of Interior invited canine 
specialists to attend the annual competition in Austria in June 2009 
to observe Austria's organization and standards.  Representatives 
from Kazakhstan will be there from April 6 to June 19 as part of a 
counternarcotics training course. 
 
14. (SBU) Kazakhstan offered to provide the results of its testing 
of SOKKS (a special material saturated with micro particles of 
narcotics).  The testing will determine how SOKKS can be introduced 
into the training process.  (COMMENT:  Post purchased SOKKS for the 
Military Institute and the Border Guard Service in November 2008 and 
funded a training seminar on the use of SOKKS in January 2009. 
According to Austria's Schuetzenhofer, the use of SOKKS should be 
followed within the first three days with the use of real drugs in 
the training process.  ENDCOMMENT.) 
 
15. (SBU) Currently, all canine services in Kazakhstan use drug 
substitutes for training.  Although the Ministry of Interior allows 
the use of real drugs in training, trainers refuse to use them 
because of strict controls.  When drugs were previously used for 
training, the Procurator General's Office conducted regular checks. 
There is no clear system for storing drugs for training purposes. 
Administrative and criminal cases were initiated against canine 
officers in the past for misuse of training samples.  The 
Kazakhstani participants in the conference now believe that it will 
be possible to better organize the control of samples used in 
training and will recommend using real drugs. 
 
16. (SBU) Conference participants also recommended regional 
development of canine programs with the assistance of international 
organizations, bilateral donors, and other interested parties.  An 
independent expert would assess the Central Asian canine services. 
 
 
17. (SBU) After the conference, INL discussed future programs with 
the Kazakhstani representatives.  They continue to learn about new 
methods of training from the Austrian Ministry of Interior.  Post 
plans to send two more interagency groups of instructors to the 
Counternarcotics Canine Training Course in Bad Kreuzen, Austria. 
The instructors who attended last year's courses have made changes 
in their services to conform with lessons learned in Austria.  The 
Military Institute tested the Austrian methods of teaching and, 
based on the effectiveness of a pilot project, made changes to the 
training curriculum.  The Border Guard Service conducted a pilot 
training course o
n the Kazakhstan-Uzbekistan border.  The Ministry 
of Interior is also testing a training program and some participants 
of the conference attested to the positive results of that training. 
 Kazakhstani law enforcement bodies are striving to prove the 
efficiency of the new methods of training. 
 
18. (SBU) COMMENT.  Post believes that the canine programs in 
Kazakhstan are sustainable or on the verge of long-term 
sustainability.  Post plans to support more training events, 
co-training courses, and the production of a set of canine 
textbooks.  The basic contents of the textbooks were presented at 
the conference and contain both best practices and new methods.  The 
final four-volume set is expected to be issued by the end of 2010. 
Austria's Schuetzenhofer is writing several chapters with the 
support of Post.  We believe that all services in Kazakhstan will 
unanimously move to the Austrian methodology of training dogs. 
However, even if one method is accepted universally, we do not 
foresee Kazakhstan creating a unified training center.  Despite 
their common goals, each agency has different tasks and there is a 
great deal of competition among them.  All the canine centers are 
well-equipped and have motivated staffs.  The Military Institute is 
working to ready itself to train cadets from Mongolia and Tajikistan 
this year.  The Military Institute has informed us that it is ready 
to receive canine handlers and trainers from other Central Asian 
countries and Afghanistan for counternarcotics canine training. 
Addressees may pass this information to appropriate authorities in 
their host governments.  END COMMENT. 
 
HOAGLAND

Wikileaks

Post a comment or leave a trackback: Trackback URL.

Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out / Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out / Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out / Change )

Google+ photo

You are commenting using your Google+ account. Log Out / Change )

Connecting to %s

%d bloggers like this: