Category Archives: UNCLASSIFIED

10ASTANA270, KAZAKHSTAN: SECOND PREPARATION MEETING FOR THE 2010

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Reference ID Created Released Classification Origin
10ASTANA270 2010-02-26 08:05 2011-08-30 01:44 UNCLASSIFIED Embassy Astana

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UNCLAS SECTION 01 OF 02 ASTANA 000270 
 
SIPDIS 
 
STATE FOR SCA/CEN, SCA/PPD, OES, OES/S 
 
E.O. 12958: N/A 
TAGS: ECON PGOV SENV SOCI TSPL KPAO KZ
SUBJECT:  KAZAKHSTAN:  SECOND PREPARATION MEETING FOR THE 2010 
SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT CONFERENCE 
 
REF: 09 Astana 02139 
 
ASTANA 00000270  001.3 OF 002 
 
 
1.  SUMMARY:  Astana hosted the Second Advisory Council Meeting in 
Preparation for the Ministerial Conference on Environment and 
Development (MCED) to be held in Astana in 2010.  This year's MCED 
will focus on "green growth."  The meeting presented the MCED's 
projected schedule, which will include senior official meetings, 
ministerial meetings, side events and exhibitions.  The organizers 
want to include business and NGOs as partners and participants.  The 
MCED will have a dedicated website for interested parties to 
register online after April 15.  END SUMMARY. 
 
SECOND ADVISORY COUNCIL MEETING 
 
2.  The Kazakhstan Ministry of Environment, along with the United 
Nations Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific 
(ESCAP) and the Central Asian Regional Environmental Center (CAREC), 
hosted the Second Advisory Council Meeting on Preparation for the 
Ministerial Conference on Environment and Development (MCED) to be 
held in Astana in 2010.  This meeting follows the First Advisory 
Council Meeting, which took place in Astana on November 24, 2009 
(see reftel).  Ministry of Environmental Protection Department of 
Legal Policy and International Cooperation Director Alexander Bragin 
opened the Council meeting by saying that the Central Asia region is 
in a uniquely geopolitical position to further advance the process 
of European and Asian Pacific integration.  Kazakhstan, as 
Chairman-in-Office of the Organization for Security and Co-operation 
in Europe (OSCE) in 2010, has particular responsibility to promote 
sustainable economic development.  He said the MCED coincides with 
Kazakhstan's own plans to achieve sustainable development. 
Kazakhstan has already prepared allocated funds for the MCED and 
several parallel activities, and is fully committed to ensuring that 
the MCED will be a success.  Bragin said Kazakhstan's business 
community has also made a sizeable commitment, with the top 40 
enterprises collectively investing $1.2 billion toward sustainable 
development last year. 
 
MCED SCHEDULE OUTLINE 
 
3.  ESCAP Environment and Development Division Director Li Shaoyi 
reminded attendees that the MCED has met every five years since 
1985.  The MCED serves as a forum for all 62 member countries to 
review the status and trends of each member state's environment and 
economic development, assess progress, opportunities, and challenges 
in implementing their prior commitments, identify additional 
priorities, and formulate future agendas. 
 
4.  Li said this year's MCED objectives are to secure a commitment 
to sustainable development, assess progress to date, reduce existing 
gaps in implementing commitments, define the priorities and areas 
for cooperation, and focus on promoting "green growth."  He said 
sustainable development is the primary development strategy for the 
Asia and Pacific region, along with the sustainable use of 
resources, low carbon development, and a sustainable urban 
development strategy.  He stressed the latter, noting that many 
Asian cities have strained and overcrowded urban environments and 
uncontrolled growth. 
 
5.  Li outlined the MCED September 27-October 2 draft schedule, with 
the first three days for the Senior Official Segment, the last two 
days for the Ministerial Segment, and a day off in between.  The 
Senior Segment will deliberate policy and review and approve 
documents, and the Ministerial Segment will have ministerial 
statements and reports and the adoption of Senior Officials' 
reports.  In addition, there will be side events and a roundtable on 
environmental protection and economic development. 
 
MCED INVOLVES GOVERNMENT, BUSINESS, AND CIVIL SOCIETY 
 
6.  Central Asian Regional Environmental Center (CAREC) Executive 
Director Talaybek Makaev said the MCED will include an inter-sector 
dialogue on green growth between government, business, and civil 
society.  It will have exhibitions and expositions as side events 
 
ASTANA 00000270  002.3 OF 002 
 
 
running concurrently.  Themes will include "green and competitive," 
global and local (GloCal) green growth, sustainable ecological 
systems, green infrastructure, green decision-making, and civil 
society and green growth.  The MCED will also include a day of 
excursions and an evening reception for all representatives.  There 
will be a su
stained media campaign to highlight the event and 
broadcast it to the public. 
 
7.  CAREC's Program Manager Gulzhamal Issayeva presented MCED's new 
website, located at http://www.mced6.org, which will become active 
on March 15 in English and Russian.  Interested parties can register 
online for the MCED after April 15.  It will contain MCED 
publications from the conference and other relevant information. 
 
8.  COMMENT:  It is important that Astana will host the next MCED in 
2010, not only because it is the first time for a Central Asian 
country, but also because it highlights UN, OSCE, and European 
thoughts on Kazakhstan's rising status and leading role in Central 
Asia.  Coinciding with Kazakhstan's 2010 Chairmanship of the OSCE, 
it enhances its image as a country actively promoting sustainable 
development.  The United States is a member of MCED and will most 
likely send a delegation to Astana for the event.  END COMMENT. 
 
HOAGLAND

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10ASTANA265, KAZAKHSTAN: DEMARCHE DELIVERED IN SUPPORT OF ANTHONY LAKE

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Reference ID Created Released Classification Origin
10ASTANA265 2010-02-24 09:33 2011-08-30 01:44 UNCLASSIFIED Embassy Astana

VZCZCXRO1936
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RUEHAST/AMCONSUL ALMATY 2350

UNCLAS ASTANA 000265 
 
SIPDIS 
 
STATE FOR SCA/CEN, OES, OES/S 
 
E.O. 12958: N/A 
TAGS: PREL KZ
SUBJECT:  KAZAKHSTAN:  DEMARCHE DELIVERED IN SUPPORT OF ANTHONY LAKE 
FOR UNICEF 
 
REF: STATE 015084 
 
Per reftel, on February 24, Emboff delivered the demarche to the 
Ministry of Foreign Affairs in support of Anthony Lake to become the 
next Executive Director of the United Nations Children's Fund 
(UNICEF).  Post will report any substantive response. 
 
HOAGLAND

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10ASTANA260, KAZAKHSTAN: TRANSCRIPT OF S/SRAP HOLBROOKE’S FEBRUARY 21

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Reference ID Created Released Classification Origin
10ASTANA260 2010-02-23 06:50 2011-08-30 01:44 UNCLASSIFIED Embassy Astana

VZCZCXRO0721
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UNCLAS SECTION 01 OF 02 ASTANA 000260 
 
SIPDIS 
 
STATE FOR SCA/CEN, SCA/PPD, S/SRAP, EUR/CARC, EUR/RUS 
 
E.O. 12958: N/A 
TAGS: PGOV PREL MARR KPAO GG UZ KG AF KZ
SUBJECT:  KAZAKHSTAN:  TRANSCRIPT OF S/SRAP HOLBROOKE'S FEBRUARY 21 
MEDIA AVAILABILITY IN ASTANA 
 
ASTANA 00000260  001.3 OF 002 
 
 
1.  Following his meeting with State Secretary-Foreign Minister 
Kanat Saudabayev, Special Representative for Afghanistan and 
Pakistan Ambassador Richard Holbrooke met briefly with the media. 
Transcript follows. 
 
2.  BEGIN TRANSCRIPT: 
 
Ambassador Holbrooke:  We've just completed some excellent meetings 
here with the Prime Minister and Foreign Minister of Kazakhstan as 
part of a trip to the Central Asian republics.  We talked to all of 
the countries that have a concern in the situation in Afghanistan 
and Pakistan.  That's why we're here today.  Kazakhstan is a very 
important country in its own right in the region and it's also 
directly affected by events in Afghanistan, so it's natural that I 
would come here today to consult with the Kazakhstani government. 
 
"Washington Times":  Sir, did you talk about the question of Russia 
setting up defense agreements with Abkhazia? 
 
Ambassador Holbrooke:  No. 
 
"Washington Times":  May I broach that subject now? 
 
Ambassador Holbrooke:  The subject of Abkhazia and Georgia never 
came up.  I'm not here to talk about those issues.  I'm here to talk 
about Afghanistan.  I'm going from here to Georgia to review the 
Georgian battalion which is going to Afghanistan, but once again my 
trip has nothing to do with Georgian-Russian relations, it's about 
Georgia's extraordinarily important contribution to the 
international effort in Afghanistan. 
 
"Reuters":  Is the United States planning to open a military base in 
Uzbekistan to support its operations in Afghanistan? 
 
Ambassador Holbrooke:  Uzbekistan does provide us valuable 
opportunities to transit material to Afghanistan, and that's 
important.  But a military base?  No.  We have an important transit 
center in Kyrgyzstan - the Manas Transit Center - where many of the 
troops coming in and out of Afghanistan stop, and that's a very 
valuable part of our effort.  We're very grateful to Kyrgyzstan for 
its support in that regard. 
 
"Washington Times":  Sir, you mentioned several times the importance 
of Kazakhstan in the region.  Can you emphasize a little on that, 
and why? 
 
Ambassador Holbrooke:  First of all, Kazakhstan is the largest, 
wealthiest, and most successful country in the region.  It has 
directed a multi-directional foreign policy with great skill, under 
the leadership of President Nazarbayev.  It took decisive and 
historic actions 18 years ago, in regard to nuclear weapons for 
which the world should be eternally grateful.  Kazakhstan, because 
of its location and its history, is poised between several of the 
greatest powers in the world and has managed to work well with all 
of them.  Anyone who knows this region should admire the foreign 
policy conducted by President Nazarbayev. 
 
Secondly, the resources available to Kazakhstan, which are only 
beginning to be tapped, are going to be of immense importance to the 
world and give Kazakhstan an opportunity to emerge as a developed 
nation within a few years, if they manage their resources right. 
Many countries that have had natural resources, particularly oil, 
have been affected by what is called the "oil curse."  The Kazakh 
government is very aware of this and has spent a great deal of time 
studying it and working on ways to prevent it from happening.  I, 
myself, have been involved in some of those efforts when I was a 
private citizen.  I've been here many times.  I think this is my 
seventh trip here -- sixth or seventh trip -- and not just to 
Astana; some were to Almaty. 
 
Thank you very much. 
 
END TRANSCRIPT. 
 
ASTANA 00000260  002.3 OF 002 
 
 
 
HOAGLAND

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10ASTANA259, KAZAKHSTAN: CITES DEMARCHE DELIVERED

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Reference ID Created Released Classification Origin
10ASTANA259 2010-02-23 03:44 2011-08-30 01:44 UNCLASSIFIED Embassy Astana

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RUEHAST/AMCONSUL ALMATY 2340

UNCLAS ASTANA 000259 
 
SIPDIS 
 
STATE FOR SCA/CEN, OES, OES/S 
 
E.O. 12958: N/A 
TAGS: ECON SOCI UNDP UNGA EU KZ
SUBJECT:  KAZAKHSTAN:  CITES DEMARCHE DELIVERED 
 
REF: A) 09 STATE 125262 
 B) STATE 6668 
 
On February 19, Regional Environmental Officer (REO) delivered the 
demarche on the Convention on International Trade in Endangered 
Species of Wild Fauna and Flora (CITES) by diplomatic note to the 
Ministry of Foreign Affairs (MFA) Americas Department and provided a 
non-paper containing the key issues of concern (ref B).  On February 
22, REO also met with Ministry of Agriculture and Water Resources 
(the responsible Ministry) Forestry and Hunting Committee Deputy 
Chairman Khairbek Musabayev and Fauna Department Chief Bakytbek 
Duysekeyev, who said they had no objections to the proposed changes. 
 Musabayev noted that Kazakhstan would not be sending a delegation 
to the CITES Conference this year, but he said he would send a 
letter of support for the U.S. position to the U.S. Embassy via the 
Ministry of Foreign Affairs. 
 
HOAGLAND

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10ASTANA258, KAZAKHSTAN PROPOSES DATES FOR OSCE INFORMAL

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Reference ID Created Released Classification Origin
10ASTANA258 2010-02-23 01:50 2011-08-30 01:44 UNCLASSIFIED Embassy Astana

VZCZCXRO0543
OO RUEHAST RUEHDBU RUEHFL RUEHLA RUEHMRE RUEHPOD RUEHROV RUEHSK RUEHSL
RUEHSR
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INFO RUCNOSC/OSCE POST COLLECTIVE PRIORITY
RUEAIIA/CIA WASHDC PRIORITY
RHEFAAA/DIA WASHDC PRIORITY
RHEHNSC/NSC WASHDC PRIORITY 2070

UNCLAS ASTANA 000258 
 
SIPDIS 
 
STATE FOR EUR/RPM, SCA/CEN 
 
E.O. 12958: N/A 
TAGS: PGOV PREL OSCE KZ
SUBJECT:  KAZAKHSTAN PROPOSES DATES FOR OSCE INFORMAL 
MINISTERIAL IN ALMATY 
 
REF: OSCE DAILY DIGEST 02/22/10 
 
1.  (U) Sensitive but unclassified.  Not for public Internet. 
 
2.  (SBU) At close of business on February 22, Deputy Foreign 
Minister Kairat Umarov called the Ambassador to propose two 
possible dates for the OSCE Informal Ministerial in Almaty 
(vice Astana, as reported ref):  June 19-20 or July 10-11. 
 
3.  (SBU) Following on Foreign Minister Kanat Saudabayev's 
personal invitation on February 4 in Washington to Secretary 
Clinton to participate in the ministerial, Umarov emphasized 
that Kazakhstan wants to offer maximum flexibility to 
accommodate the Secretary's schedule and would willingly 
consider other dates that she might propose.  While 
Kazakhstan will maintain maximum flexibility, Umarov 
commented that Saudabayev's summer summit, high-level 
meeting, and travel schedule is already becoming "congested." 
 For that reason, Astana hopes for an early decision on the 
dates for the Informal Ministerial. 
 
4.  (U) Please advise. 
HOAGLAND

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10ASTANA253, KAZAKHSTAN SEEKS TO BE COMPETITIVE IN SCIENCE AND

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Reference ID Created Released Classification Origin
10ASTANA253 2010-02-22 08:09 2011-08-30 01:44 UNCLASSIFIED Embassy Astana

VZCZCXRO9491
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RUEHAST/AMCONSUL ALMATY 2335

UNCLAS SECTION 01 OF 03 ASTANA 000253 
 
SIPDIS 
 
STATE FOR SCA/CEN, SCA/PPD, OES, OES/S 
 
E.O. 12958: N/A 
TAGS: ECON PGOV SENV SOCI TSPL KPAO KZ
SUBJECT:  KAZAKHSTAN SEEKS TO BE COMPETITIVE IN SCIENCE AND 
TECHNOLOGY 
 
ASTANA 00000253  001.3 OF 003 
 
 
1.  SUMMARY:  During the annual Public Roundtable on Collaboration 
in Science and Technology, participants heard that the development 
of science is one of Kazakhstan's most important priorities, and the 
government plans to increase the government budget allocated to 
scientific research and development (R&D) by 30% over the current 
level.  Kazakhstan recognizes that it must have good scientific 
cooperation with other countries, such as the United States, Europe, 
and Japan, if it is to become an international leader in science and 
R&D.  The recently established Kazakhstan National Medical Holding 
company claims it can serve as a model for health service delivery 
and successful restructuring of the health care systems inherited 
from the former Soviet Union.  The New University of Astana will 
establish three new science research centers and constitute an 
entirely new educational system in Kazakhstan and Central Asia, 
based on the U.S. model, to prepare students for Kazakhstan's social 
and economic challenges.  Properly applied tax incentives can 
significantly affect R&D, but tax incentives alone will not be 
sufficient to promote R&D; a country must also have a well-developed 
scientific infrastructure and a good education system.  END 
SUMMARY. 
 
SCIENCE IS A PRIORITY FOR KAZAKHSTAN 
 
2.  The U.S.-Kazakhstan Public-Private Economic Partnership 
Initiative (PPEPI) hosted the annual Public Roundtable on 
Collaboration in Science and Technology in Astana on February 16, 
one of five roundtable events conducted to date under the PPEPI 
umbrella.  With USAID funding and American Chamber of Commerce 
administration, PPEPI's goal is to improve the business environment 
for foreign and domestic investment and trade through broad-scale 
economic policy reform.  PPEPI promotes policy reform in five 
priority areas, one of which is science and technology. 
 
3.  Deputy Minister of Education and Science Aidar Zhakupov opened 
the roundtable, calling the development of science one of 
Kazakhstan's most important priorities.  He said the government will 
raise the level of science education and investment so that 
scientific research can contribute to Kazakhstan's overall economic 
development.  The government plans to increase funding for 
scientific research and development (R&D) by 30% over the current 
level, to 18.5 billion tenge (approximately $123 million), or about 
1% of GDP.  (NOTE:  Kazakhstan's GDP based on purchasing power 
parity for 2008 was approximately $178 billion.  END NOTE.) 
 
4.  Zhakupov said Kazakhstan was committed to increasing R&D funding 
to international levels, ranging from 2-4% of GDP.  In addition, 
Kazakhstan intends to increase grant funding (including for the 
Bolashak Grant program) to further promote science education in 
Kazakhstan.  He said the government must make the current system of 
funding science more efficient and eliminate wasteful competition 
among science funds.  The government should also facilitate the 
commercialization of scientific research, according to Zhakupov, so 
that ideas can move from the laboratory directly to commercial 
production.   Zhakupov said this will require a sound legal 
framework, including the protection of intellectual property rights 
(e.g., patents, trademarks, formulas, etc.). 
 
SCIENCE POLICY IN THE UNITED STATES AND KAZAKHSTAN 
 
5.  U.S. Civilian Research and Development Foundation (CRDF) 
Director Kanat Shakenov said Kazakhstan recognizes that it must have 
strong scientific cooperation with other countries, such as the 
United States, Europe, and Japan, if it is to become an 
international leader in science and R&D.  In order to advance 
science, he said, it is "not only desirable, but necessary to seek 
funding, which includes international funding."  He said Kazakhstani 
scientists should publish their work in international journals in 
English and conduct scientific research in accordance with 
international standards so that science and R&D in Kazakhstan can 
reach an international level.  In addition, he said that Kazakhstan 
needs to develop a more effective distribution of scientific 
knowledge to scientific and business centers.  In particular, he 
suggested that the government provide assistance to scientific and 
 
ASTANA 00000253  002.3 OF 003 
 
 
business entities in order to stimulate the development and 
commercialization of science. 
 
NATIONAL MEDICAL HOLDING:  A MODEL FOR HEALTH SERVICE DELIVERY &#x000
A; 
6.  Kazakhstan National Medical Holding (NMH) CEO Almaz Sharman said 
the Kazakhstan government established NMH in June 2008 to 
revolutionize the national health care system and make it a model in 
Central Asia for restructuring health care systems inherited from 
the former Soviet Union.  According to Sharman, NMH will introduce 
international standards of quality, safety, and financial 
sustainability that are absent in the current system.  He said NMH 
will introduce a market-driven health model that will provide a 
level of care such that Kazakhstanis will no longer have to go 
abroad for treatment.  NMH manages six health care centers, 
including the National Research Center for Maternal and Child Health 
in Kazakhstan.  Sharman said that internationally renowned experts 
will manage all six centers by 2015. 
 
7.  Sharman said a number of socio-economic factors affect health 
care in Kazakhstan, including the gradual ageing of the population, 
an increase in the cases of infectious diseases, and unequal access 
to medical services.  In addition, as medical costs increase, there 
is pressure to reduce the length of treatment while maintaining the 
same level of quality.  One concern of medical research, he said, is 
how to harmonize scientific research with actual practice that can 
lead to commercialization.  Sharman said that medical researchers 
should follow international standards to ensure that the resulting 
products are competitive. 
 
THE NEW UNIVERSITY OF ASTANA 
 
8.  New University of Astana President Aslan Sarinjipov said the New 
University of Astana expects to open July 1.  (NOTE:  The New 
University likely will be renamed Nursultan Nazarbayev University in 
July.  END NOTE.)  He said the New University's nine international 
university partners (including Duke University, Johns Hopkins, 
Harvard, etc.) will help design and implement a curriculum that will 
emphasize the scientific, technological, and economic development. 
According to Sarinjipov, the university will have medical, science, 
life science, business, and public policy schools, and will also 
host three science research centers:  a life sciences center, which 
will conduct research jointly with the leading world scientific 
centers in the sphere of organ transplantation, artificial heart and 
lungs, stem cells, and the medicine of longevity; an energy research 
center dealing with issues of renewable energy sources, physics, and 
high energy technologies; and an interdisciplinary engineering 
center that will include laboratory facilities and a design bureau. 
 
9.  Sarinjipov said the New University will not be just another new 
university, but it will constitute an entirely new educational 
system in Kazakhstan and Central Asia.  The first year will be 
devoted to intensive English training, and subsequent courses will 
be in English, providing the students with an education that meets 
international standards.  He said that 90% of the faculty will be 
foreign until the university can generate its own trained faculty, 
but even after that, Sarinjipov believes the university will still 
retain a high percentage of foreign professors.  The university will 
be based on the U.S. model, with a four-year bachelor's degree, a 
master's degree, and a Ph.D.  He said the curriculum will prepare 
students to meet Kazakhstan's social and economic challenges.  After 
5-10 years, he said he hopes the New University will qualify for the 
international ranking system.  Sarinjipov said the anticipated cost 
of this education will be equal to the cost of going abroad to study 
at a world class university.  (NOTE:  Local press reported that the 
New University will be the most expensive university in Kazakhstan 
and as expensive as elite universities in Russia, the United States, 
and the United Kingdom.  The annual tuition fee will be $19,000, 
which is twice as much as the Moscow Institute of International 
Relations.  END NOTE.) 
 
IMPACT OF TAX INCENTIVES ON SCIENTIFIC R&D 
 
 
ASTANA 00000253  003.3 OF 003 
 
 
10.  PriceWaterhouseCoopers Tax Services Director Richard Bergonje 
said governments have used direct funding as well as grants and 
subsidies in order to promote and stimulate R&D.  Tax incentives are 
also a key tool that allow direct or incremental deduction of R&D 
expenses, permit depreciation allowances on laboratories and 
equipment, and grant tax holidays.  According to the OSCE, R&D tax 
incentives are extremely popular, with 21 of the 31 member countries 
using them in 2008, up from only 12 in 1998.  Bergonje noted that 
emerging countries such as Brazil, India, Russia, and China are also 
using tax incentives to stimulate R&D. 
 
11.  Bergonje referred to the Alatau-IT City (Information Technology 
City) in Almaty, a Special Economic Zone (SEZ) with tax and customs 
incentives for information and telecommunication companies working 
in the park, as an example of the possible use of tax incentives to 
support R&D in Kazakhstan.  Companies registered in the SEZ do not 
have to pay corporate income tax, property tax, or customs duties. 
The government also allows companies in the SEZ to depreciate the 
cost of buildings and equipment.  Bergonje said studies demonstrate 
that properly applied tax incentives can significantly increase R&D 
investment.  However, while Kazakhstan has good tax incentive 
programs, he said the existing tax code can be improved. 
 
12.  COMMENT:  The PPEPI Science and Technology Working Group finds 
that its work dovetails closely with Kazakhstan's national priority 
to improve science research and education in order to stimulate 
further economic development.  Kazakhstan has ambitious goals and 
one might doubt the extent to which it will achieve them. 
Nevertheless, the will is there and the government is committed to 
achieving these goals, since the mandate for change is coming from 
President Nazarbayev himself.  END COMMENT. 
 
HOAGLAND

Wikileaks

10ASTANA141, KAZAKHSTAN: EXBS ADVISOR’S REPORTING CABLE (JANUARY

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Reference ID Created Released Classification Origin
10ASTANA141 2010-02-02 09:43 2011-08-30 01:44 UNCLASSIFIED Embassy Astana

VZCZCXRO4023
RR RUEHIK
DE RUEHTA #0141/01 0330943
ZNR UUUUU ZZH
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TO RUEHC/SECSTATE WASHDC 7336
INFO RUCNCIS/CIS COLLECTIVE 2425
RUEHZL/EUROPEAN POLITICAL COLLECTIVE
RUCNCLS/ALL SOUTH AND CENTRAL ASIA COLLECTIVE
RUEHKO/AMEMBASSY TOKYO 2491
RUEHBJ/AMEMBASSY BEIJING 1785
RUEHUL/AMEMBASSY SEOUL 1401
RUEAORC/US CUSTOMS AND BORDER PROTECTION WASHINGTON DC
RHMFISS/DEPT OF ENERGY WASHINGTON DC
RUCPDOC/DEPT OF COMMERCE WASHINGTON DC
RULSJGA/COMDT COGARD WASHINGTON DC
RUEKJCS/SECDEF WASHDC 1830
RHEHNSC/NSC WASHDC 1982
RHEFAAA/DIA WASHDC
RUEAIIA/CIA WASHDC
RUEKJCS/JOINT STAFF WASHDC
RHMFIUU/CDR USCENTCOM MACDILL AFB FL

UNCLAS SECTION 01 OF 02 ASTANA 000141 
 
SIPDIS 
 
DEPT FOR SCA/CEN 
DEPT FOR ISN/ECC: JFRIEDMAN, ACHURCH, JHARTSHORN 
DEPT FOR ISN/ECC-AMT: LSPRINGER 
DEPT FOR EUR/ACE: DFISCHER 
DEPT FOR SCA/RA: JMCCLELLAN 
DHS/CBP/INA: KCHAISSON 
USDOE/NNSA: JNOBLE, EDESCHLER 
DOC FOR DCREED 
AMEMBASSY BERLIN FOR CUSTOMS ATTACHE 
AMEMBASSY ISLAMABAD FOR ICE ATTACHE 
AMEMBASSY TASHKENT, BISHKEK, BAKU, DUSHANBE AND ASHGABAT FOR EXBS 
ADVISORS 
 
E.O. 12958: N/A 
TAGS: PARM PREL ETTC MNUC KNNP KSTC KZ
 
SUBJECT:  KAZAKHSTAN:  EXBS ADVISOR'S REPORTING CABLE (JANUARY 
2010) 
 
ASTANA 00000141  001.2 OF 002 
 
 
I.  BROAD ITEMS OF INTEREST TO ADVISORS AND AGENCY MANAGERS: 
 
NONE 
 
II.  COMPLETED ACTIONS FOR THE REPORTING PERIOD: 
 
A.  SITE ASSESSMENTS AND MEETINGS CONDUCTED 
 
1.  January 14:  EXBS Advisor and GSO visited two hotels in Astana 
as possible venues for the Annual EXBS Advisors Conference to be 
held in Astana, April 20-22. 
 
2.  January 20:  EXBS Advisor met with OSCE Political Officer Andy 
Offenbacher to discuss OSCE engagement in border management in 
Kazakhstan.  Offenbacher said that the OSCE has conducted two 
training sessions on border management and has sent four students to 
the OSCE Border Management College in Dushanbe.  Future plans for 
OSCE include sending more students to the Border Management College 
and continued training programs with an emphasis on cross border 
cooperation. 
 
3.  January 21:  EXBS Advisor met with Hardy Roehling, Chief 
Technical Advisor for Border Management Central Asia (BOMCA) to 
discuss the BOMCA training schedule for 2010 and the upcoming 
Regional Border Security Conference to be held in Almaty February 
9-11.  Roehling stated that BOMCA will hold a "train the trainer" 
course in Almaty February 8-13 and that BOMCA has scheduled several 
information exchange tours for the Kazakhstani Customs and Border 
Guards to be conducted in eastern European countries during 2010. 
BOMCA will attend the Regional Border Security Conference at which 
he will make a presentation. 
 
4.  January 21:  EXBS Advisor sent a personal letter to Mr. 
Duisebayev, Deputy Chairman of Customs Control Committee, asking for 
time critical information on upcoming training courses and visits. 
EXBS Advisor also requested mid-level meetings with Customs training 
staff to discuss progress on the "Polygon" training facility. 
 
B.  TRAINING COURSES CONDUCTED DURING THE REPORTING PERIOD 
 
None 
 
C.  EQUIPMENT DELIVERED DURING THE REPORTING PERIOD 
 
None 
 
D.  IMMINENT TRAINING COURSES OR EQUIPMENT STATUS UPDATE 
 
TRAINING COURSES: 
 
1. March 16-18, Government/Industry Outreach Compliance training in 
Almaty conducted by DOE/INECP. 
2. May 3-7, Strategic Undercover Investigations Training Course to 
be conducted by DHS/ICE.  (Dates remain tentative, awaiting 
Kazakhstani government approval). 
3. May 10-14, International Rail Interdiction Training to be 
conducted at Sary Agash railway station by DHS/CBP. 
4. May 17-21, International Rail Interdiction Training Course to be 
conducted at Merke Railway station by DHS/CBP. 
 
EQUIPMENT: 
 
ASTANA 00000141  002.2 OF 002 
 
 
 
1. Alkor, contractor for Portable Shelters, has informed us that 
three shelters will be ready for delivery to sites on February 11. 
2. Advanced Technologies, our contractor for X-ray machines, has 
received five X-ray machines for Customs and will complete 
installation at the ports of Shymkent, Karaganda, Zhibek Zholy, and 
Almaty by February 4. 
 
 
E.  SIGNIFICANT DEVELOPMENTS IN EXPORT CONTROLS, NONPROLIFERATION, 
OR RELATED BORDER SECURITY 
 
None 
 
F.  CASPIAN SECURITY INFORMATION 
 
None 
 
III.  RED FLAG ISSUES: 
 
None 
 
SPRATLEN

Wikileaks

10ASTANA70, KAZAKHSTAN: DEMARCHE ON DISTRACTED DRIVING

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Reference ID Created Released Classification Origin
10ASTANA70 2010-01-25 07:02 2011-08-30 01:44 UNCLASSIFIED Embassy Astana

VZCZCXRO6644
OO RUEHIK
DE RUEHTA #0070 0250702
ZNR UUUUU ZZH
O 250702Z JAN 10
FM AMEMBASSY ASTANA
TO RUEHC/SECSTATE WASHDC IMMEDIATE 7263
INFO RUCNCIS/CIS COLLECTIVE 2395
RUCNCLS/ALL SOUTH AND CENTRAL ASIA COLLECTIVE
RUEHZL/EUROPEAN POLITICAL COLLECTIVE
RUEHBJ/AMEMBASSY BEIJING 1757
RUEHKO/AMEMBASSY TOKYO 2463
RUEHUL/AMEMBASSY SEOUL 1373
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RUEKJCS/SECDEF WASHDC 1803
RUEKJCS/JOINT STAFF WASHDC
RHMFIUU/CDR USCENTCOM MACDILL AFB FL
RUEHVEN/USMISSION USOSCE 2072

UNCLAS ASTANA 000070 
 
SIPDIS 
 
STATE FOR SCA/CEN, OES, OES/S 
STATE PASS TO DEPT OF TRANSPORTATION, NHTSA:JMICHAELS 
 
E.O. 12958: N/A 
TAGS: ECON SOCI UNDP UNGA EU KZ
SUBJECT:  KAZAKHSTAN:  DEMARCHE ON DISTRACTED DRIVING 
 
REFTEL:  STATE 06703 
 
1.  (U) Per reftel, Emboff delivered the demarche on distracted 
driving on January 25 by diplomatic note to the Ministry of Foreign 
Affairs (MFA) Americas Department and provided a non-paper 
containing the key issues of concern.  Post will follow up in order 
to obtain a reply. 
 
HOAGLAND

Wikileaks

10ASTANA51, KAZAKHSTAN: MEDIA REPORTS ON HUMAN TRAFFICKING CASES

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Reference ID Created Released Classification Origin
10ASTANA51 2010-01-20 03:54 2011-08-30 01:44 UNCLASSIFIED Embassy Astana

VZCZCXRO2559
PP RUEHIK
DE RUEHTA #0051/01 0200354
ZNR UUUUU ZZH
P 200354Z JAN 10
FM AMEMBASSY ASTANA
TO RUEHC/SECSTATE WASHDC PRIORITY 7224
INFO RUCNCIS/CIS COLLECTIVE 2370
RUCNCLS/ALL SOUTH AND CENTRAL ASIA COLLECTIVE
RUEHZL/EUROPEAN POLITICAL COLLECTIVE
RUEHBJ/AMEMBASSY BEIJING 1732
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RUEKJCS/JOINT STAFF WASHDC
RHMFIUU/CDR USCENTCOM MACDILL AFB FL
RUEHAST/AMCONSUL ALMATY 2201
RUEAWJL/DEPT OF JUSTICE WASHINGTON DC
RHMCSUU/FBI WASHINGTON DC
RHMFIUU/DEPT OF HOMELAND SECURITY WASHINGTON DC 0069

UNCLAS SECTION 01 OF 03 ASTANA 000051 
 
SIPDIS 
 
STATE FOR INL/AAE, G/TIP, SCA/CEN 
 
E.O. 12958: N/A 
TAGS: PGOV ELAB SMIG SOCI KCRM KTIP UZ KZ
SUBJECT:  KAZAKHSTAN:  MEDIA REPORTS ON HUMAN TRAFFICKING CASES 
 
ASTANA 00000051  001.3 OF 003 
 
 
1.  The following is a summary of local media reports of human 
trafficking cases in Kazakhstan September-December 2009. 
 
ANTI-TRAFFICKING OPERATIONS 
 
2. December 14, "Interfax":  During a nationwide anti-trafficking 
operation, December 7-11, police arrested 55 pimps and two 
traffickers and registered 371 prostitutes. 
 
-December 9, Police from the Department of Interior of Kyzylorda 
Oblast arrested a 39-year-old from Zhanakorgan for trafficking in 
minors for purposes of sexual exploitation in saunas and hotels in 
Taraz.  The criminal case is ongoing. 
 
-December 10, Police from the Department of Interior of Zhambyl 
Oblast arrested a 35-year-old from Taraz, who forced Kyrgyz woman to 
work as a prostitute.  The criminal case is ongoing. 
 
3.  September 14, "Interfax", "Kazakhstan Today":  During a 
nationwide anti-trafficking operation, September 7-11, police 
arrested 67 pimps and 14 traffickers and registered 409 prostitutes. 
 
 
-Police from the Department of Interior of West-Kazakhstan Oblast 
arrested three people for attempting to sell an under-aged girl for 
purposes of sexual exploitation for $200.  Police also arrested four 
members of a criminal group for kidnapping minors and forcing them 
to work in hotel saunas in Uralsk. 
 
-Police from the Department of Interior of Zhambyl Oblast arrested a 
25-year-old woman for trafficking a 15-year-old girl from Taraz to 
Almaty, where she was forced to work as a prostitute. 
 
-Police from the Department of Interior of Kyzylorda Oblast arrested 
five teenaged members of a criminal group who forced a 14-year-old 
girl to work as a prostitute. 
 
-An Astana resident was arrested in Kokshetau city for trafficking a 
20-year-old woman for purposes of sexual exploitation. 
 
TWO SEXUAL EXPLOITATION CONVICTIONS IN PETROPAVLOVSK 
 
4.  November 23, "Zakon.kz" from "Kazakhstan Today":  Two women in 
Petropavlovsk were sentenced to five years in prison and their 
property was confiscated for trafficking in persons for purposes of 
sexual exploitation.  The court suspended the sentence of one 
trafficker until her son reaches the age of 14.  According to 
prosecutors, the women came to Petropavlovsk in May 2009 to find 
girls to traffic to Kokshetau. 
 
TAJIKS, UZBEKS, AND KYRGYZ FREED FROM HOTEL BASEMENT 
 
5.  November 16, "Kazakhstan Today," November 18, "KTK":  Police in 
the Almaty Oblast freed 17 young, female trafficking victims who 
were kept in the basement of a hotel for almost two years and forced 
to work as prostitutes.  The women were from Tajikistan, Uzbekistan, 
and Kyrgyzstan and had been promised jobs as waitresses and 
secretaries by an "employment agency."   Three Almaty residents aged 
38, 39, and 19 and their 22-year-old female accomplice were 
arrested. 
 
SEXUAL EXPLOTATION 
 
6.  November 21, "Liter":  Police in the Almaty Oblast arrested a 
group of people who were kidnapping young women for purposes of 
sexual exploitation.  On November 8, the mother of one kidnapped 
woman gave the police the address at which her daughter was being 
held.  The young woman had been kidnapped from the Chemolgan train 
station in the Karasai Rayon.  The investigation is ongoing. 
 
7.  September 18, "Zakon.kz" from "Kazakhstan Today": Police in the 
South Kazakhstan Oblast arrested a 37-year-old-woman named Riza, who 
admitted that she was  involved in trafficking young women from 
Shymkent.  She revealed that she met potential victims on the street 
 
ASTANA 00000051  002.3 OF 003 
 
 
and in cafes and, by means of deceit or threat, trafficked them to 
Turkestan, where she sold them to clients.  She was charged with 
trafficking in persons, kidnapping, illegal deprivation of freedom, 
forcing one into prostitution, and pimping.  In its press release on 
this case, the police also detailed the April arrest in Turkestan of 
a 49-year-old woman for exploiting 14- and 16-year-olds in local 
saunas. The woman was sentenced to five and a half years in prison. 
 
 
ORPHANED TEENAGERS SOLD INTO PROSTITUTION 
 
8.  November 5, "Kazakhstan Today":  North Kazakhstani police 
investigated a trafficking-in-persons case involving four teenagers 
from the local vocational school for orphans, who were allegedly 
sold
by a teacher several months earlier for $1000 and were working 
in the Akmolinskaya Oblast as prostitutes.  This case was uncovered 
when the Department of Education in Petropavlovsk found 20 students 
missing during a routine check.  Of the missing students, all but 
one were 15- and 16-years-old.  Teachers and five accomplices were 
charged with kidnapping and trafficking in minors.  Later media 
reports indicate that one suspect fled to Russia, but was later 
extradited to Kazakhstan. 
 
9.  October 19, "Interfax":  A 27-year-old Kazakhstani woman 
previously charged with trafficking in minors was arrested in 
Russia's Krasnodarskyi Krai during a joint North-Kazakhstan 
Department of Interior-Russian Ministry of Interior organized-crime 
operation. 
 
10.  November 9, "Interfax":  The 27-year-old Kazakhstani arrested 
in Russia was involved in selling orphans in North-Kazakhstan Oblast 
and was extradited to Kazakhstan for further investigation. 
 
KIDNAPPING 
 
11.  December 23, "Express-K":  Police in Astana arrested a 
17-year-old woman for kidnapping a five-month-old baby from a 
married couple from whom she rented a room.  After the parents went 
to bed, the girl abducted the child and stole a cell phone and 
money.  When arrested, she could not explain why she kidnapped the 
child, saying only that she loved children very much.  A 
psychiatrist will examine the woman to determine whether charges 
should be filed. 
 
12.  November 18, "Interfax":  Almaty police officers, working with 
colleagues in Kyrgyzstan, found a five-year-old girl who disappeared 
in September and returned her to her mother.  She was discovered in 
the home of a 20-year-old Kyrgyz woman who had worked as a 
prostitute in Almaty.  The reason for the kidnapping is unknown, and 
the investigation is ongoing. 
 
CHILD LABOR IN COTTON FIELDS 
 
13.  December 4, "Interfax":  The Ministry of Education reports that 
25% of all children in the South-Kazakhstan Oblast were absent from 
the first quarter of the school year because of their work in the 
cotton fields.  Cotton harvesting was classified as a worst form of 
child-labor exploitation under the UN Convention on the Rights of 
the Child.  However, about 900 children aged 7-17 reportedly 
harvested cotton in the South-Kazakhstan Oblast in 2008-2009. 
 
14.  Akim (governor) of South-Kazakhstan Oblast Ali Bektayev called 
cotton harvesting educational and a tradition in his oblast, and 
said he began to harvest cotton at the age of seven.  However, he 
added his opposition to the harvest of cotton during school hours 
despite weather conditions which made it necessary this year.  The 
Minister of Education said that the use of child labor has a 
negative impact on the image of Kazakhstan and recommended 
modernization of the cotton harvest. 
 
LABOR EXPLOTATION 
 
15.  December 23, "Vremya":  A young woman from Shymkent escaped 
captivity in Moscow, where she worked for a family also from 
 
ASTANA 00000051  003.3 OF 003 
 
 
Shymkent.  Unable to find work in Shymkent, her cousin, who had been 
working in Moscow for a year, invited her there with the promise of 
a job in a Kazakhstani-run shop.  Upon arrival, her documents were 
taken, and she was forced to work loading fruits and vegetables 
daily 5:00 AM until midnight.  In addition to the long hours, she 
was poorly fed and regularly beaten.  After her escape, IOM Moscow 
helped her return to Shymkent where the local NGO Sana Sezim 
provided her with medical treatment.  A criminal case was not 
initiated due to a lack of evidence. 
 
16.  September 17, "Vremya":  Police in Pavlodar Oblast investigated 
a criminal case of illegal deprivation of freedom for purposes of 
exploitation.  Nine residents of Sherbakty and an Uzbek citizen were 
forced to work clearing the Chaldai forest.  The Uzbek citizen 
stated that he worked without pay in the forest for two years.  The 
nephew of the local Akim (mayor) owns the company overseeing the 
forest work. 
 
RUSSIA CHECKS BUSES FROM CENTRAL ASIA FOR ILLEGAL MIGRANTS 
 
17.  October 15, "Interfax":  Police in the Moskovskaya Oblast of 
Russia stopped a 45-passenger bus with 116 illegal migrants from 
Central Asia.  The courts likely will deport the illegal migrants to 
their home countries.  During Operations "Illegal Migrant" and 
"Bus," the Russian police stopped 14 buses with illegal migrants 
during one month. 
 
ILLEGAL MIGRANTS 
 
18.  September 4, "Interfax":  During a joint Committee for National 
Security-Prosecutor General's Office in Kostanai operation, 
migration police found 48 Chinese citizens illegally working in a 
local brick plant.  The workers arrived in Kazakhstan on visitor's 
visas two months earlier. 
 
19.  November 4, "Interfax":  Police in Taraz arrested 37 illegal 
migrants from Uzbekistan working on a construction site.  The 
workers arrived on visitor's visas and registered with Kazakhstani 
authorities in the summer, which allowed them to stay in the country 
for up to three months.  Eight workers without documents were placed 
in a detention center pending confirmation of their identities and 
status.  The others are awaiting a court decision on administrative 
fines and deportation.  The construction companies that employed the 
workers will have to pay administrative fines. 
 
KAZAKHSTAN'S MIGRATION CONCEPT AND CIS CONVENTION ON LABOR MIGRANTS 
 
20.  December 21, "Interfax":  Kazakhstan is attempting to prevent 
internal migration problems through the development of a national 
internal migration concept.  Administratively, procedures for 
single-family housing construction permits and residency 
registration would be simplified.  This initiative would also 
eliminate the job application requirement of residency certificates, 
which would make available employment to everyone regardless of 
residence or registration.  Socio-economic measures would develop 
poorer regions through the modernization of the transportation and 
energy infrastructure, education, and medical services.  The 
government would establish temporary housing for homeless internal 
migrants. 
 
21.  December 11, "Interfax":  The Kazakhstani Parliament agreed to 
ratify the Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS) Convention on 
Labor Migrants.  Kazakhstan signed the convention with every CIS 
state, except Turkmenistan and Moldova, in Chisinau on November 14, 
2008.  The convention is expected to reduce the risk of forced labor 
and increase social protections for labor migrants and their 
families. 
 
HOAGLAND

Wikileaks

10ASTANA45, KAZAKHSTAN: MEDIA REPORTS OF HUMAN TRAFFICKING CASES

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Reference ID Created Released Classification Origin
10ASTANA45 2010-01-19 05:52 2011-08-30 01:44 UNCLASSIFIED Embassy Astana

VZCZCXRO1387
PP RUEHIK
DE RUEHTA #0045/01 0190552
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INFO RUCNCIS/CIS COLLECTIVE 2364
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RUEAWJL/DEPT OF JUSTICE WASHINGTON DC
RHMCSUU/FBI WASHINGTON DC
RHMFIUU/DEPT OF HOMELAND SECURITY WASHINGTON DC 0066

UNCLAS SECTION 01 OF 03 ASTANA 000045 
 
SIPDIS 
 
STATE FOR INL/AAE, G/TIP, SCA/CEN 
 
E.O. 12958: N/A 
TAGS: PGOV ELAB SMIG SOCI KCRM KTIP UZ KZ
SUBJECT:  KAZAKHSTAN:  MEDIA REPORTS OF HUMAN TRAFFICKING CASES 
 
REF: A) 09 ASTANA 0368 
 B) 09 ASTANA 1977 
 
ASTANA 00000045  001.3 OF 003 
 
 
1.  The following is a summary of local media reports of human 
trafficking cases in Kazakhstan May-August 2009. 
 
SEXUAL EXPLOTATION 
 
2.  May 6, "Interfax," "Zakon.kz":  Two women were arrested in 
Petropavlovsk for pimping and trafficking in persons.  The 
North-Kazakhstan Oblast Department of Interior reported that police 
and two local citizens went undercover to investigate the women who 
recruited young women to work as prostitutes in Astana, Kokshetau, 
and Borovoye.  The women were sold for approximately $450, but 
police negotiated the price to $200 during the undercover operation. 
 The two women were arrested at an internal checkpoint while 
attempting to leave Petropavlovsk.  Both women were found to have 
previously worked as prostitutes. 
 
3.  July 01, "Interfax":  A 33-year-old woman reported to the Aktobe 
Department of Interior that a man who hired her for a construction 
job forced her to work as a prostitute.  She and two other women, a 
39-year-old and a 32-year-old, were taken to an apartment near 
railway station, which they thought they would be repairing, and 
sold for $170 each.  The women were held in the apartment and 
beaten.  Police arrested a 44-year-old and released another suspect, 
who signed a statement pledging to stay in Aktobe.  The criminal 
case is ongoing. 
 
4.  August 11, "Yuridicheskaya Gazeta":  An Uzbek woman using the 
name Dalila was arrested in Ust-Kamenogorsk while trying to traffic 
seven women to the United Arab Emirates.  She had promised the young 
women jobs as dancers and models in the UAE and had told them that 
they would have the opportunity to marry rich sheiks or bankers. 
Women who had worked previously as prostitutes were promised 
exclusive clients, such as Jean Claude Van Damme, oil executives, or 
other well-known millionaires.  During the investigation, police 
found that Dalila had attempted previously to recruit women in 
Ust-Kamenogorsk under the name of Nelli. 
 
LABOR TRAFFICKING 
 
5.  May 26, "Vremya," "Zakon.kz":  A 63-year-old man arrived at a 
shelter in Almaty after working for various people for only food and 
water for more than 10 years.  He said he did not blame anyone, 
because "every rich man in the village should have a farm-hand."  He 
further stated that he had no choice because he had neither 
documents nor a home.  After a divorce, he lost his home and often 
slept in the street.  He was offered work in a village near Almaty, 
where he was provided "all that I dreamed of -- food, a bed, and 
alcohol."  However, his life worsened when he was sent to work on 
another farm where he was locked in the house doing heavy work. 
When he got sick, he was thrown out.  President of the Association 
against Trafficking in Persons in Central Asia (ATIPCA) Yekaterina 
Badikova commented that though the man called himself a farm-hand, 
he was actually a slave.  In this particular case, trafficking would 
be difficult to prove, she said. 
 
6.  August 25, "Kazakhstan Today," "Interfax":  Two managers of a 
local company in Almaty lured 26 Uzbeks with well-paying jobs, 
locked them in the basement of an Almaty house, and forced them to 
perform landscaping and street cleaning.  Following repeated escape 
attempts, four of the workers filed a complaint with the police. 
The managers, who do not dispute the accusations, are charged with 
illegal deprivation of freedom for the purpose of exploitation. 
 
ORPHANAGE DOCTOR CONVICTED OF TRAFFICKING 
 
7.  May 14, "Interfax," May 18, "Azzattyk Radio":  The senior doctor 
of an Atyrau orphanage, Zhanibek Koshaliyev, was found guilty of 
trafficking in babies and sentenced to seven years in prison. 
Prosecutors found the sentence too lenient and are appealing. 
Koshalitev sold newborn boys for $4,000-$5,000 and girls for 
$2,000-$3,000 (reftels A, B). 
 
ASTANA 00000045  002.3 OF 003 
 
 
 
8.  June 4, "Zhas Alash":  An editorial asked why only the doctor -- 
not his lawyer nor the government officials who prepared or 
notarized the adoption documents -- was prosecuted.  A criminal case 
was initiated against the woman who filed the original complaint 
against the trafficker. 
 
POLICE ANTI-TRAFFICKING OPERATION 
 
9.  June 15, "Zakon.kz," "kz-today":  During a June 8-12 nationwide 
anti-trafficking operation, police uncovered six cases of human 
trafficking, one case of trafficking in minors, two cases of illegal 
deprivation of freedom for the purpose of exploitation, and four 
cases of forced prostitution.  Police arrested 52 pimps and 
registered 393 prostitutes. 
 
10.  During the operation, members of a criminal group, which sold 
young women and moved them between Karaganda and Astana, were 
arrested.  One of the members was arrested in Astana as he was 
negotiating the sale of a woman for $300.  The criminal case is 
ongoing. 
 
11.  Members of a criminal group from East-Kazakhstan and Dzhambyl 
Oblasts were arrested for trafficking two women from Shymkent and 
two women from Tashkent, Uzbekistan.  The women were forced to work 
as prostitutes in saunas and hotels in Almaty. 
 
12.  Transport police from the South-East Oblast Department of 
Interior arrested a farmer accused of transporting five people to 
his farm for the purpose of labor exploitation. 
 
UKRANIAN WOMAN SAVED FROM SLAVERY -- A STORY WITH A HAPPY ENDING 
 
13.  June 23, "Express-K":  A 42-year-old Ukrainian woman was held 
for more than 14 years in the Szhetskyi Rayon of Kazakhstan.  Soon 
after the collapse of the Soviet Union, the woman left Ukraine to 
look for a job.  She lost her passport and found herself unemployed 
and homeless.  To make money, she occasionally repaired and cleaned 
apartments.  She arrived in Karaganda where a woman offered her a 
job in a village.  When she arrived in the village, she was force to 
live in a barracks with dozens of men.  She performed household 
chores and took care of cattle, receiving very little food and 
clothing.  Often abused, she was never able to escape.  A 
newly-arrived worker named Yermek escaped and reported to the 
police, which was running an anti-trafficking operation at the time. 
 After her release from the farm, Yermek proposed to her, and they 
were married. 
 
ILLEGAL MIGRATION 
 
14.  May 27, "Interfax":  28 Uzbeks working on municipal 
improvements were arrested in Ust-Kamengogorsk.  According to the 
police, they entered the city May 18 on visitor visas and had not 
registered with the local authorities in order to work in 
Kazakhstan. 
 
15.  July 9, "Interfax":  During Operation Migrant in the 
Akmolinskaya Oblast, police arrested 10 Chinese citizens for 
violations of the migration law.  The Kokshemelinvest company 
employed them to instal equipment.  A total of 214 foreign citizens 
were arrested during the operation. 
 
16.  July 14, "Interfax":  More than 1,800 illegal migrants, a vast 
majority of whom were from the CIS, were deported during Operation 
Migrant, July 8-12.  During the operation, migration police 
identified over 15,600 illegal residents in Kazakhstan.  Over 300 
employers were charged with violations of labor regulations, and 
4,843 Kazakhstanis faced administrative actions. 
 
17.  August 24, "Interfax":  During the four-day Operation 
Law-and-Order, police in Almaty identified nearly 1,000 foreign 
citizens who violated Kazakhstani migration law.  Of the 998 
identified, 952 were from the CIS.  A total of 243 migrants were 
deported. 
 
ASTANA 00000045  003.3 OF 003 
 
 
 
KAZAKHSTAN-CHINA GAS PIPELINE:  FOREIGN EMPLOYMENT VIOLATIONS 
 
18.  May 4, "Interfax":  Prosecutors in the Dzhambyl Oblast 
uncovered numerous violations of labor regulations in the 
construction of the Kazakhstan-China gas pipeline.  Authorized 
offices supplied certifications with fake qualifications, service 
records, and organizations for Chinese workers and then issued work 
permits.   The company Dou Knisk was found to have received work 
permits for 240 Chinese citizens with fraudulent documents.  A total 
of 1,692 such work permits were received by 17 companies involved in 
the construction of the pipeline.  Dou Knisk allegedly refused to 
hire 83 local workers on dubious grounds, paid foreign workers less 
than the legal wage and made them work weekends and holidays.  70 
Chinese workers lived in rural schools in the Shuisckyi Rayon, for 
which the construction companies had received local-government 
permits to renovate into dormitories.  The General Prosecutor's 
office ordered the recall of all permits, eviction of the workers, 
and firing of officials. 
 
HOAGLAND

Wikileaks

10ASTANA32, KAZAKHSTAN: CONCURRENCE WITH EXBS FY2010 PROGRAM PLAN

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Reference ID Created Released Classification Origin
10ASTANA32 2010-01-14 03:49 2011-08-30 01:44 UNCLASSIFIED Embassy Astana

VZCZCXRO7570
RR RUEHDBU
DE RUEHTA #0032 0140349
ZNR UUUUU ZZH
R 140349Z JAN 10
FM AMEMBASSY ASTANA
TO RUEHC/SECSTATE WASHDC 7174
INFO RUEHAH/AMEMBASSY ASHGABAT 7389
RUEHEK/AMEMBASSY BISHKEK 8386
RUEHDBU/AMEMBASSY DUSHANBE 0029
RUEHNT/AMEMBASSY TASHKENT 0034

UNCLAS ASTANA 000032 
 
SIPDIS 
 
DEPT FOR SCA/CEN 
DEPT FOR ISN/ECC: JFRIEDMAN, ACHURCH, JHARTSHORN 
AMEMBASSY TASHKENT, BISHKEK, DUSHANBE AND ASHGABAT FOR EXBS 
ADVISORS 
 
E.O. 12958: N/A 
TAGS: PARM PREL ETTC MNUC KNNP KSTC KZ
SUBJECT:  KAZAKHSTAN:  CONCURRENCE WITH EXBS FY2010 PROGRAM PLAN 
 
REFTEL:  09 SECSTATE 114836 
 
1.  (U) Post has reviewed and concurs with ISN/ECC EXBS Kazakhstan 
FY2010 Program Plan (reftel). 
 
HOAGLAND

Wikileaks

10ASTANA7, KAZAKHSTAN: EXBS ADVISOR’S REPORTING CABLE (DECEMBER

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Reference ID Created Released Classification Origin
10ASTANA7 2010-01-06 08:17 2011-08-30 01:44 UNCLASSIFIED Embassy Astana

VZCZCXRO1530
RR RUEHIK
DE RUEHTA #0007 0060817
ZNR UUUUU ZZH
R 060817Z JAN 10
FM AMEMBASSY ASTANA
TO RUEHC/SECSTATE WASHDC 7151
INFO RUCNCIS/CIS COLLECTIVE 2315
RUEHZL/EUROPEAN POLITICAL COLLECTIVE
RUCNCLS/ALL SOUTH AND CENTRAL ASIA COLLECTIVE
RUEHKO/AMEMBASSY TOKYO 2383
RUEHBJ/AMEMBASSY BEIJING 1677
RUEHUL/AMEMBASSY SEOUL 1306
RUEAORC/US CUSTOMS AND BORDER PROTECTION WASHINGTON DC
RHMFISS/DEPT OF ENERGY WASHINGTON DC
RUCPDOC/DEPT OF COMMERCE WASHINGTON DC
RULSJGA/COMDT COGARD WASHINGTON DC
RUEKJCS/SECDEF WASHDC 1722
RHEHNSC/NSC WASHDC 1872
RHEFAAA/DIA WASHDC
RUEAIIA/CIA WASHDC
RUEKJCS/JOINT STAFF WASHDC
RHMFIUU/CDR USCENTCOM MACDILL AFB FL

UNCLAS ASTANA 000007 
 
SIPDIS 
 
DEPT FOR SCA/CEN 
DEPT FOR ISN/ECC: JFRIEDMAN, ACHURCH, JHARTSHORN, SROBINSON 
DEPT FOR ISN/ECC-AMT: LSPRINGER, DLYONS 
DEPT FOR EUR/ACE: DFISCHER 
DEPT FOR SCA/RA: JSPILSBURY 
CBP/INA: KCHAISSON AND BPICKETT 
USDOE/NNSA: CWALKER, TPERRY, EDESCHLER 
DOC FOR DCREED 
AMEMBASSY BERLIN FOR CUSTOMS ATTACHE 
AMEMBASSY TASHKENT, BISHKEK, BAKU, DUSHANBE AND ASHGABAT FOR EXBS 
ADVISORS 
 
E.O. 12958: N/A 
TAGS: PARM PREL ETTC MNUC KNNP KSTC KZ
 
SUBJECT:  KAZAKHSTAN:  EXBS ADVISOR'S REPORTING CABLE (DECEMBER 
2009) 
 
I.  BROAD ITEMS OF INTEREST TO ADVISORS AND AGENCY MANAGERS: 
 
NONE 
 
II. COMPLETED ACTIONS FOR THE REPORTING PERIOD: 
 
A.  SITE ASSESSMENTS AND MEETINGS CONDUCTED 
 
1.  December 7, EXBS Astana received two fund cites from Washington 
for document translation and additional funding for green-border 
shelter purchase.  Document translation of the Kazakhstani Dual Use 
list is in progress and the additional funding for green-border 
shelters has been sent to RPSO. 
 
2.  December 9, EXBS office received a verbal denial for our request 
to visit three ports on the Chinese Border because they had not 
received permission from the National Security Committee to allow us 
travel to the Chinese border area.  EXBS re-submitted the request on 
December 11 and is still waiting for approval. 
 
3.  December 14-16, EXBS Advisor was in Washington for 
consultations. 
 
4.  December 17-31, EXBS Advisor was on annual leave in the United 
States. 
 
B. TRAINING COURSES CONDUCTED DURING THE REPORTING PERIOD 
 
None 
 
C. EQUIPMENT DELIVERED DURING THE REPORTING PERIOD 
 
None 
 
D. IMMINENT TRAINING OR EQUIPMENT STATUS UPDATE 
 
TRAINING: 
 
NONE 
 
EQUIPMENT: 
 
1. The Regional Procurement Support Office/Frankfurt (RPSO) executed 
a contract option for one additional portable shelter complex. 
 
 
E. SIGNIFICANT DEVELOPMENTS IN EXPORT CONTROLS, NONPROLIFERATION, OR 
RELATED BORDER SECURITY 
 
None 
 
F. CASPIAN SECURITY INFORMATION 
 
None 
 
III. RED FLAG ISSUES: 
 
None 
 
HOAGLAND

Wikileaks

09ASTANA2196, KAZAKHSTAN: 2009-2010 INCSR PART 1, DRUGS AND CHEMICAL

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Reference ID Created Released Classification Origin
09ASTANA2196 2009-12-22 10:48 2011-08-30 01:44 UNCLASSIFIED Embassy Astana

VZCZCXYZ0001
PP RUEHWEB

DE RUEHTA #2196/01 3561048
ZNR UUUUU ZZH
P 221048Z DEC 09
FM AMEMBASSY ASTANA
TO SECSTATE WASHDC PRIORITY 7048

UNCLAS ASTANA 002196 
 
STATE FOR INL/AAE, SCA/CEN, SCA/RA 
 
SIPDIS 
 
E.O. 12958: N/A 
TAGS: PREL SNAR KCRM KCOR KZ
SUBJECT: KAZAKHSTAN: 2009-2010 INCSR PART 1, DRUGS AND CHEMICAL 
CONTROL 
 
REF: STATE 97228 
 
1.  In response to reftel, the text of Part 1 of the International 
Narcotics Control Strategy Report (INCSR) for Kazakhstan follows in 
paragraphs 2-67. 
 
SUMMARY 
 
2.  Kazakhstan is primarily a transit country for drug trafficking 
and is located on the northern route from Afghanistan.  According to 
the UN Office of Drugs and Crime (UNODC), Kazakhstan and its Central 
Asian neighbors are increasingly becoming active consumers of Afghan 
opiates transited along the northern route.  In 2009, the government 
of Kazakhstan developed new approaches to fight drug trafficking and 
consumption, focusing its attention on prevention and supply 
reduction and prioritizing the strengthening of its southern border. 
 Law enforcement agencies acknowledge that civil society, NGOs, and 
mass media are essential partners in combating the problem of 
narcotics. 
 
3.  The government has paid a great deal of attention to the 
international fight against drug trafficking and the regional 
coordination of efforts.  Kazakhstan continues to implement two 
large-scale programs to combat corruption and drug trafficking. 
Kazakhstan is party to the UN Convention against Illicit Trafficking 
of Narcotics and Psychotropic Substances and the Convention against 
Corruption. 
 
STATUS OF COUNTRY 
 
4.  Its geographic location, transportation infrastructure, open 
borders, and economic and social stability have made Kazakhstan a 
major transit zone for narcotics.  Kazakhstan, concerned about 
possible increases in crime caused by the global financial crisis, 
adopted a road map to decrease unemployment.  The Minister of 
Interior attributed the 10% decrease in crime to this program. 
 
5.  The traffic of Afghan opiates and growth of marijuana in 
Southern Kazakhstan affect the drug situation in Kazakhstan.  This 
year, Georgian, Nigerian, Mongolian, Afghan, Ghanaian, and Russian 
citizens have been arrested for narco-trafficking along with 
citizens from throughout Central Asia.  The main drugs consumed in 
Kazakhstan are marijuana and heroin.  Heroin has rapidly overtaken 
opium, the traditional drug of choice in Kazakhstan. 
 
GOVERNMENT DEVELOPMENTS 
 
6.  Three law enforcement agencies combat drug trafficking in 
Kazakhstan -- the Committee for National Security (KNB), the Customs 
Control Committee (CCC) and the Ministry of Interior (MVD).  A part 
of KNB, the Border Guard Service (BGS) inspects people and vehicles 
for the presence of drugs on the border.  KNB also has a Division on 
Combating International Drug Trafficking, which works both on the 
border and inside the country, and participates in controlled 
delivery operations outside of the country.  This Committee focuses 
on disrupting drug channels and trafficking sources and  tracks the 
number of trafficking rings and criminal organizations thwarted 
rather than the amount of drugs seized.  The CCC of the Ministry of 
Finance is also present on the border.  MVD through its Committee on 
Combating Drugs and Control over the Circulation of Drugs (KBN) 
combats trafficking through its regional counter-narcotics 
divisions.  The MVD's Committee of Internal Troops provides security 
in prisons and, with the Ministry of Justice's Committee of Criminal 
and Executive Systems, combats drug trafficking in prisons.  The 
Ministry of Defense's Military Police focuses on drug trafficking in 
the military. 
 
7.  In existence since 2004, the KBN coordinates the 
counter-narcotics work of ministries, agencies, and NGOs.  It works 
with international organizations and conducts anti-drug information 
campaigns and other demand-reduction activities.  An interagency 
commission chaired by the Minister of Interior considers the 
progress of anti-drug programs. The KBN is interested in new methods 
to evaluate officers and investigate drug-related crimes and 
money-laundering cases.   It also wants to explore a new 
registration systems for drug addicts. 
 
8.  The KBN recently began to double its staff and increase the 
capacity of its special divisions in high-risk areas -- Delta-Dolina 
in the Chu Valley to combat the local production of marijuana, Yug 
in Shymkent, and Center in Karaganda.  The Yug special division will 
fight trafficking in the South Kazakhstan and Almaty Oblasts, and 
the Center division will work in the Karaganda, Pavlodar, North 
Kazakhstan, and Kostanai Oblasts.  The government determined six 
internal narcotics checkpoints to be not as effective as expected, 
because these stationary posts were easily detoured, the 
construction was not completed, and the budget was not sufficient to 
provide necessary equipment to the posts.  The KBN now plans to 
focus its efforts on mobile groups, which can better patrol 
high-risk areas.  It will move personnel from the checkpoints to the 
newly-established special units in Shymkent and Karaganda. 
 
 
9.  In 2005, the government of Kazakhstan launched a 2006-2014 
strategy to combat drug addiction and trafficking.  This year, the &
#x000A;government introduced the next three-year program to implement the 
strategy. 
 
10.  In 2008, the government amended its counter-narcotics laws, 
which strengthened the legislation as provided for in Article 24 of 
the UN Convention against Illicit Traffic in Narcotic Drugs and 
Psychotropic Substances.  Kazakhstan also adheres to Article 11 of 
the Convention when it participates in controlled deliveries, which 
have been conducted with neighboring countries including China. 
 
11.  The 2009-2011 program also provides for drug-demand reduction. 
Government agencies plan to implement computer-based training 
programs in schools and increase the number of projects with NGOs. 
Currently, 1,400 police officers are working in city schools.  The 
program will expand the number of police officers working in schools 
and will add police to large schools in rural areas.  The program 
will also strengthen treatment and rehabilitation for drug addicts. 
 
 
 
12.  Based on UN recommendations and positive results in some 
European countries, the KBN is developing a draft law to provide 
treatment instead of imprisonment for drug-addicted criminals.  The 
law would permit a suspended sentence to allow treatment. 
 
13.  The Criminal Procedural Code was also amended to allow for the 
retention of only the amount of seized narcotics required for 
forensic testing.  The minimum amount will be retained and entered 
into evidence, along with the forensic report, during trial.  The 
rest of the seized drugs will be destroyed immediately to avoid the 
serious problem of resale of seized heroin by corrupt police. 
 
14.  In June 2008, the Kazakhstani government amended the Criminal, 
Criminal Procedural, and Administrative Codes to strengthen 
punishment for drug-related crimes.  These amendments were 
introduced in line with article 24 of the UN Convention against 
Illicit Traffic in Narcotic Drugs and Psychotropic Substances, which 
allows for stricter national measures than provided for in the 
Convention.  The new law provides for life imprisonment for serious 
drug-related crimes, including trafficking in large quantities, 
participation in drug-related crimes as part of a criminal 
organization, sale of drugs in educational institutions and/or to 
minors, and sale or distribution of drugs resulting in death. 
 
15.  Kazakhstan conducted a large-scale information campaign about 
the amendments because many drug couriers are citizens of 
Kyrgyzstan, Uzbekistan, and Tajikistan, who traffic drugs to support 
their families. 
 
16.  Article 319-1 of the Administrative Code penalizes owners of 
entertainment facilities, such as bars and clubs, who do not take 
measures to stop the sales or consumption of drugs or psychotropic 
substances.  Fines are determined by the size of the business and 
based on the monthly calculated index (MCI), which is determined 
annually and is the basis of all fines, taxes, and benefits for both 
individuals and businesses.  MCI is currently 1,296 tenge ($8.64). 
During 2009, the government carried out operations and raids to stop 
distribution and consumption of drugs in entertainment centers.  As 
a result, 12 criminal cases were opened and the owners of four 
entertainment centers were fined. 
 
17.  The 2006-2008 Astana Drug Free City program, announced in 
September 2006, focuses on demand reduction, treatment of drug 
addiction, and combat against drug trafficking in the capital. 
Pleased by its effectiveness, the Astana Maslikhat (City Council) 
extended the program.  The MVD, working with other law-enforcement 
agencies, uncovered 201 drug-related crimes (a slight increase over 
last year's 198), including 66 drug sales (last year 54).  It seized 
over 112 kilos of drugs, including 7.7 kilos of heroin, closed three 
drug houses, blocked two trafficking channels, dismantled one 
organized criminal group, and closed 38 drug markets.  A broad 
anti-drug information campaign was also conducted. 
 
18.  The issue of border security came to the forefront this year 
during the negotiations among Kazakhstan, Russia, and Belarus to 
enter into a customs union.  As part of the agreement, Kazakhstan 
may withdraw customs from its border with Russia as soon as July 
2011, which has led Russia to express concerns about the security of 
Kazakhstan's southern border.  In May 2009, the Government of 
Kazakhstan approved the 2009-2011 Program on Combating Drug 
Addiction and Narco-Business with a total budget of 39.7 billion 
tenge (approximately $260 million).  The program especially 
prioritizes strengthening the southern border with radar, patrol 
vehicles, and communications equipment.  Customs checkpoints will be 
equipped with X-ray, automated cargo control systems, and other 
modern inspection equipment.  The government will provide 
counternarcotics divisions of the Ministry of Interior (MVD) with 
three mobile scanning machines for inspection of trucks in the 
 
South-Kazakhstan, Kyzylorda, Almaty and Zhambyl Oblasts.  This 
program requires that the MVD pay special attention to the 
disruption of internal drug-distribution networks. 
 
19.  Last year the government of Kazakhstan established a security 
zone along 107 kilometers of its 2,351 kilometer border with 
Uzbekistan.  This year, a second 209-kilometer zone is planned for 
the border with Kyrgyzstan.  The Border Guard Service has aviation 
divisions and plans to increase its use of helicopters to search for 
narco-traffickers. 
 
20.  The government of Kazakhstan has also focused on strengthening 
security in the run up to its 2010chairmanship of the Organization 
for Security and Cooperation in Europe (OSCE).  Kazakhstan has 
expressed its desire to strengthen regional security and develop 
non-military responses to the fight against terrorism, extremism, 
drug trafficking, and organized crime.  On August 29, President 
Nazarbayev signed a decree to establish the Path to Europe program 
for 2009-2011, which is aimed at increasing cooperation between 
Kazakhstan and Europe. 
 
21.  Kazakhstan strengthened its cooperation with the Russian 
Federation this year.  The Federal Service on Drugs Control (FSKN) 
of the Russian Federation has complained that the amount of drugs 
transported into Russia has not significantly decreased despite the 
work of international organizations and law enforcement agencies in 
Kazakhstan.  In response, Kazakhstan and Russia held numerous 
meetings in 2009 to discuss joint efforts to combat drug trafficking 
and concluded agreements on cooperation.  Kazakhstan and Russia 
conducted two joint operations within the agreements, and the FSKN 
is providing training courses to law enforcement agencies in 
Kazakhstan.  On August 21, at an international meeting on border 
cooperation, the law enforcement agencies of Kazakhstan and Russia 
signed a protoco
l to their agreement, which provides for cooperation 
between the Western-Kazakhstan oblasts of Atyrau, Aktobe, and 
Mangystau and the Astrakhan, Samara, Orenburg, Saratov, and 
Volgograd oblasts of the Russian Federation. 
 
22.  Inaugurated on December 9, the Central Asian Regional 
Information and Coordination Center (CARICC) was created to 
facilitate information exchange and analysis, and to assist in the 
coordination of operational activities of regional law-enforcement 
agencies.  Ratified by the parliaments of Azerbaijan, Kazakhstan, 
Kyrgyzstan, Turkmenistan and Tajikistan, the CARICC agreement 
entered into force on March 2.  The President of the Russian 
Federation signed the agreement on September 4.  The CARICC Council 
approved a two-year strategic plan and CARICC-staff rules and 
regulations.  The Council approved observer status for Austria, 
Canada, Finland, France, Germany, Italy, Interpol, Pakistan, and the 
United States.  On September 16, the government of Kazakhstan signed 
the Host Country Agreement with CARICC, which covers the privileges 
and immunities of CARICC, its staff and liaison officers from the 
member states and observer countries in the host country.  The 
government of Kazakhstan allocated $2.7 million for the renovation 
of the CARICC building.  Canada, the Czech Republic, Great Britain, 
Finland, France, Italy, Luxembourg, Turkey, and the United States 
have financially contributed to CARICC's creation.  The total budget 
through 2011 is $15.4 million. 
 
LAW-ENFORCEMENT EFFORTS 
 
23.  Kazakhstan actively fights drug trafficking and works with 
neighboring countries to share information.  The BGS and Customs 
Control Committee of the Ministry of Finance secure the border.  The 
MVD works within the country, and the KNB focuses on organized 
criminal groups and drug cartels. 
 
24.  During the first nine months of 2009, law-enforcement agencies 
registered 7,840 drug-related crimes, a 0.5% decrease from last 
year.  Of the total, 7,389 were registered by the MVD, 279 by the 
KNB, and 160 by Customs.  Of the total drug-related crimes, 2,047 
were sales-related cases, an increase from last year's 1,849. 
During the same time period, drug trafficking cases (206 cases) 
dropped 30.6%.  Of those cases, 88 were registered by the MVD, 23 by 
the KNB, and 92 by Customs.  During the time period, the government 
shut 29 drug houses and seized 24.244 tons of drugs and psychotropic 
substances (a 4.5% increase from last year's 23.2 tons).  There was 
a 57.6% decrease in heroin seizures (641.3 kilos), a 92.9% increase 
in opium seizures (95.3 kilos), a 33% increase in hashish seizures 
(432.6 kilos), and an 8.2% increase in marijuana seizures (22.937 
metric tons). 
 
25.  During the past year, Kazakhstani law-enforcement agencies have 
increased their focus on operations against entire cartels and 
controlled deliveries instead of attempting to increase seizures by 
arresting as many low-level couriers as possible.  The KNB conducted 
20 international counter-narcotics operations, blocked 49 
international drug trafficking routes, and dismantled 57 drug 
trafficking groups.  The MVD dismantled eight organized criminal 
groups, members of which had committed 40 drug-related crimes 
throughout the country.  The MVD conducted 21 controlled delivery 
 
operations, including operations with Kyrgyzstan and Russia.  As a 
result of these operations, it seized 555.7 kilos of drugs, 
including 21 kilos of heroin. 
 
26.  During the first nine months of 2009, the number of people 
charged with administrative offenses has increased 93.3% (4,816). 
Of the total, 2,739 people were arrested for driving while under the 
influence of narcotics.  Article 320 of the Administrative Code 
covers the illegal manufacture, processing, purchase, storage, 
transportation, and/or distribution of drugs, psychotropic 
substances, and precursors for any purpose other than sales. 
Individuals charged under this section can be fined from five to 10 
MCI (1 MCI equals $8.64) or jailed for up to ten days.  Officials 
can be fined 15-20 MCI and jailed for up to 15 days.  Fines for 
small- and medium-sized businesses are 25-30 MCI, and for large 
enterprises 40-50 MCI.  During 2009, 2,006 people were charged under 
article 320.  As amended in July 2008, article 55 of the 
Administrative Code allows judges to sentence individuals up to 15 
days in jail for certain types of drug-related administrative 
violations.  However, pregnant women, women with children under the 
age of 14, minors, handicapped people, women over the age of 58, and 
men over the age of 63 cannot be jailed. 
 
27.  In 2009, 5,281 people were arrested for drug-related crimes. 
The number of women arrested decreased by 14.3% (from 638 to 547), 
and minors decreased by 21.9% (from 32 people to 25).  The number of 
foreign citizens arrested for drug-related crimes decreased by 30.7% 
(from 326 to 226), with the majority from Kyrgyzstan (109 people), 
Russia (72), and Uzbekistan (59). 
 
28.  During Operation Temir Tor, the KNB dismantled a large, 
regional drug group that transported opiates from Tajikistan through 
Uzbekistan and Kazakhstan to Russia.  As a result, the KNB seized 
over 42 kilos of heroin, opened five criminal cases, and arrested 
one leader and eight members of the group.  The KNB discovered that 
the group's profits were laundered through various investments, and 
a criminal case for tax invasion was filed against the wife of the 
group's leader. 
 
29.  The KNB also stopped a large, regional drug group transporting 
opiates to Eastern Kazakhstan during Operation Valkiriya.  As a 
result, KNB arrested the leader and six members who operated a sales 
network in the East Kazakhstan Oblast and seized four kilos of 
heroin, 1.65 million tenge ($11,000), over $11,000 in U.S. currency, 
1,500 rubles, and 600 grams of explosives. 
 
30.  The Collective Security Treaty Organization (SCTO) conducted 
the Kanal-2009 interstate operation September 22-29.  The operation 
reportedly resulted in the detection of 231 crimes and seizures of 
1.8 metric tons of drugs, including 25.6 kilos of heroin, and over 
523 metric tons of precursor chemicals. 
 
31.  A scheme to use fund transfers to pay drug dealers, previously 
seen in Russia, has been found in Kazakhstan.  In this scheme, the 
purchaser is given information on a newly-opened bank account.  When 
funds are transferred, the location of a hidden cache is revealed, 
thus minimizing the direct contact between seller and purchaser. 
When the scheme was uncovered, police discovered that 15 million 
tenge ($100,000) had been transferred through accounts.  During a 
search of an organizer's residence, police found 150 lost or stolen 
ID cards, which had been used to open new bank accounts. 
 
32.  Drug dealers also smuggle drugs into jails and temporary 
detention facilities, i
ncluding through hiding them in parcels 
brought into the facilities.  In one case in Akmolinskaya Oblast, an 
attorney was arrested with 5.32 grams of heroin hidden under his 
belt. 
 
33.  Traffickers continue to search for new concealment methods. 
Recently, traffickers attempted to mask the scent of heroin from 
canines by coating shipments with powdered wolves' teeth. 
Traffickers also soak clothing in a heroin solution.  When the 
clothing is delivered the heroin can then be extracted. 
 
34.  Customs had large seizures this year.  On June 16, Customs 
canine officers in the Kostanaiskaya Oblast on the border with 
Russia found 63 packets of heroin weighing 19.676 kilos in a 
vehicle's tire.  The owner of the vehicle was from Kyrgyzstan en 
route to Russia. 
 
CORRUPTION 
 
35.  The government of Kazakhstan does not encourage or facilitate 
illicit production or distribution of narcotic or psychotropic drugs 
or other controlled substances.   It also does not support the 
laundering of proceeds from illegal drug trafficking.  There have 
been no cases this year of senior government officials engaged in 
the illicit production or distribution of drugs.  In March, Prime 
Minister Masimov stated that traffickers would not attempt to 
transport large quantities across the border without protection from 
law-enforcement officers.  Masimov thus called for the creation of a 
 
special unit to root out government officials working with 
traffickers.   However, creation of such a unit remains unconfirmed. 
 
 
36.  The MVD actively fights narco-corruption in its ranks. 
Recruits are vetted, and special divisions investigate crimes 
committed by police.  Ten police officers were arrested this year 
for drug-related crimes.  The MVD is also working on new methods to 
prevent bribery and corruption and will conduct preventative 
measures as part of its 2009-2010 anti-corruption plan.  Presently, 
the average police salary is approximately $200-$266 a month.  The 
new plan includes bonuses of $200-$333 for not taking bribes. 
 
37.  An anti-narcotics police officer in the Northern Kazakhstan 
Oblast was arrested for accepting a 200,000 tenge ($1,333) bribe 
from a trafficker.  A criminal case was opened. 
 
38.  The KNB arrested an MVD employee for selling 0.28 grams of 
heroin.  KNB officers found 58.97 grams of heroin and 1.54 grams of 
marijuana in the employee's residence.  A criminal case for storage 
and sales of narcotics was opened. 
 
39.  Two police officers were fired after traces of narcotics were 
found during a blood test.  No criminal case was opened, because no 
drugs were found on their persons or in their homes. 
 
AGREEMENTS AND TREATIES 
 
40.  Law-enforcement agencies in Kazakhstan cooperate within 
intergovernmental interagency agreements with the Drug Control 
Agencies (DCA) of the Kyrgyz Republic, Tajikistan, Russia, and 
Uzbekistan.  The agencies of these countries conduct joint 
operations, investigations, demand-reduction programs, and exchange 
of operative information and methodology. 
 
41.  Kazakhstan plans to sign an agreement with Afghanistan on 
cooperation in the fight against trafficking and abuse of drugs, 
psychotropic substances, and precursors.  Kazakhstan is also working 
on new agreements with the DCAs of Kyrgyzstan and Tajikistan. 
 
 
CULTIVATION/PRODUCTION 
 
42.  Kazakhstan produces wild marijuana, ephedra, and opium poppies. 
 Such drugs grow on over 1.2 million hectares in the Almaty, 
Zhambyl, South Kazakhstan, Kyzylorda ,and East Kazakhstan Oblasts. 
The largest source of marijuana is the Chu Valley in the Zhambyl 
Oblast, in which wild marijuana with a high THC content grows on an 
estimated 138,000 hectares.  Experts estimate that 145,000 metric 
tons of marijuana or as much as 6,000 tons of hashish could be 
produced annually.  The government of Kazakhstan continues to 
consider possible licit industrial uses for the Chu Valley 
marijuana.  Various projects have been proposed, but nothing has 
been approved. 
 
43.  The KBN established two special divisions in 2008 to combat 
marijuana trafficking.  The Ontustik (South) Special Division 
focuses on organized crime in South Kazakhstan, and Delta-Dolina 
specifically focuses on illicit activities in the Chu Valley.  The 
work of these divisions is believed to have contributed to the 
recent 17% increase in marijuana and hashish prices.  The divisions 
still require additional staffing, vehicles, and satellite 
communications equipment. 
 
44.  Operation Mak (Poppy) is conducted annually from June 1 through 
October 20 to combat the marijuana harvest and dismantle drug 
cartels in the Chu Valley.  During the operation, the KBN closely 
cooperates with the BGS and Customs to create a security belt around 
the valley to prevent the traffic of marijuana while Delta-Dolina 
patrols the valley.  As a result, law-enforcement agencies seized 
16.1 tons of drugs.  The MVD registered 3,300 drug-related crimes, 
including 32 cases of trafficking. 
 
DRUG FLOW/TRANSIT 
 
45.   The main types of drugs trafficked through Kazakhstan are 
Afghani opiates (heroin and opium), marijuana, and hashish.  There 
was no manufacture of synthetic drugs in Kazakhstan in 2009. 
 
46.  The primary trafficking route through Kazakhstan and Russia 
transits Almaty, Karaganda, Semey, Novosibirsk, Barnaul, and Omsk. 
Drugs travel over land by rail, bus, and vehicle.  Trafficking on 
the border with Kyrgyzstan is increasing as the border with 
Uzbekistan is strengthened.  The MVD believes that drug traffickers 
cross the mountains on foot or horse.  The number of drug mules 
swallowing drugs has increased on the border with Kyrgyzstan.  In 
June, a passenger on a train from Bishkek to Novokuznezk was 
transported to the hospital after suffering intestinal problems. 
After his death, it was discovered that he had swallowed 45 packets 
of heroin, totaling 284 grams.  Another drug mule traveling by bus 
from Pavlodar to Novosibirsk survived after seven of the nine 
 
packets of heroin dissolved in his stomach.  The two remaining 
capsules contained 13.6 grams of heroin. 
 
47.  With the transit of narcotics through Kazakhstan, the drug 
addiction rate in the country continues to increase.  Experts 
estimate that 10-15% of the opiates trafficked through Kazakhstan 
remain in the domestic market.  Narcotics are primarily trafficked 
over land on trains and in trucks with fruits and vegetables. 
Law-enforcement agencies continue to complain about the use of 
International Road Transport Convention (TIR) carnets by drug 
traffickers.  Customs officials can only inspect trucks traveling 
with a TIR carnet when the truck
 is sealed at its departure and at 
its destination.  Customs officials of a transited country can open 
and inspect the vehicle only in exceptional circumstances.  The 
2009-2011 Program on Combating Drug Addiction and Narco-Business 
provides for the purchase of scanners for border checkpoints and 
inside the country in order to detect contraband in sealed trucks. 
 
48.  According to the MVD, one kilo of heroin costs $1,000-$1,500 on 
the Afghan-Tajik border, $4,000 upon entry into Kazakhstan, and 
$20,000 when it enters Russia from Kazakhstan.  The wholesale price 
of heroin is $30,000 per kilo in Europe. 
49.  In July, the Head of the KNB Division on Combating 
International Drug Trafficking stated that the use of heavy drugs 
has decreased since the beginning of the financial crisis, because 
drug users no longer have cash.  The barter of vehicles and other 
property for drugs has also increased.  The KNB reported a 
corresponding increase in the production and traffic of light 
drugs. 
DOMESTIC PROGRAMS/DEMAND REDUCTION 
 
50.  The MVD closely works with the Ministries of Culture and 
Information, Health, Education and Science, and Tourism and Sport to 
conduct drug-demand-reduction information campaigns.  They have 
conducted 6,500 events in the country, including 275 seminars, 4,031 
lectures and meetings, 345 round tables, and 599 sport competitions 
and tournaments.  Each year Kazakhstan commemorates the 
International Day against Drug Addiction on June 26. 
 
51.  The total number of registered drug addicts has decreased by 
1.6% to 53,883 while the number of drug addicts under the age of 18 
has increased by 2.1% to 3,839.  Some theorize that this year's 
increase results from the government's efforts to reach minors. 
 
52.  National television stations and newspapers distribute 
information on the fight against drug trafficking.  They regularly 
publish articles about police operations and drug-demand reduction 
campaigns.  The MVD publishes the magazines Narkopost and Future 
without Drugs.  The Ministry of Education and Science introduced 
special demand-reduction curricula at schools, which include 
lectures by Treatment experts, psychologists, and police. 
 
53.  Civil society and human-rights activists opposed last year's 
proposal to drug test all students.  The Ministry of Health proposed 
testing only high-risk groups after only 0.5% of 5,300 students in 
Almaty tested positive during a 2006 pilot project.  Alexandr 
Katkov, Acting Head of the Pavlodar Republican Scientific and 
Practical Center of Medical and Social Problems believes simple drug 
testing is not the answer to solving childhood addiction.  He has 
pushed for psychological testing to determine whether a student is a 
drug user or a drug addict. 
 
54.  A government anti-drug program provides for anti-drug education 
for school psychologists and social workers.  The staff of 500 
schools over three years will be trained.  This year, the pilot 
project will be implemented in 75 schools in Pavlodar, Karaganda, 
and Taraz. 
 
55.  A pilot project to test methadone therapy was launched in 
Pavlodar and Temirtau and 29 heroin addicts, including 11 that were 
HIV-positive, took part.  Funded by the Global Fund to Fight AIDS, 
Tuberculosis, and Malaria, the project provides patients with 
medical and psychological treatment. So far, the project appears to 
have cured four participants of their addiction.  Despite these 
results, the project's funding is due to end soon. 
 
56.  Kazakhstan continues to have problems with its old treatment 
system, in which patients had to register and provide their personal 
information.  Many did not seek treatment for fear that their 
information would be provided to the police.  The 2009-2011 Program 
on Combating Drug Addiction and Narco-Business will provide 
confidentiality for those seeking treatment. 
 
57.  Kazakhstan's 2006-2010 AIDS Program provides for 
contraceptives, information, educational materials, needle 
exchanges, and free, confidential treatment.  Help-lines and clinics 
provide services. 
 
U.S. POLICY INITIATIVES AND PROGRAMS 
 
BILATERAL COOPERATION 
 
 
58.  Post has had relatively good cooperation during the past year 
with all law-enforcement agencies.  To increase the capacity of the 
canine services of law-enforcement agencies, INL funded a series of 
events that included extensive train-the-trainer courses in Austria, 
an International Canine Conference in Kazakhstan, training events in 
Kazakhstan, and the participation of Kazakhstani canine specialists 
in international conferences in Austria, Switzerland, Belgium, and 
Moscow. 
 
59.  The KNB's Military Institute, which trains border guards, has 
adopted the Austrian methods to select and train canines and has 
trained one group of cadets in the new curriculum.  The Military 
Institute's Canine Department has conducted an in-service training 
program of BGS canine officers, leading to a number of successful 
seizures on the border.  Three instructors trained in Austria have 
trained approximately 60 canine officers from the MVD and BGS. 
 
60.  INL-funded projects are leading to many innovations in the 
canine service, including a study on canine socialization when 
housed with their handlers, the use of dry food, which is healthier 
than the previously-used cooked food.  They now plan to use real 
narcotics to train and are drafting a textbook for used by all 
canine services. 
 
61.  Through UNODC, INL continues to provide support to the MVD's 
internal narcotics checkpoints.  UNODC has purchased and installed 
satellite-communication, radio-communications, and office equipment. 
 In 2008, over 10 metric tons of drugs, including heroin, marijuana, 
hashish, and opium, were seized at internal checkpoints. 
 
62.  To strengthen its capacity to conduct special operations and 
patrol vulnerable areas, INL provided the MVD with 17 mini-vans and 
four jeeps.  In order to support better data handling by the MVD, 
INL purchased a server to allow for the safe and secure storage of 
data.  INL also supported a two-week counternarcotics training 
course for counter-narcotics officers at the Turkish Academy on 
Combating Organized Crime and Drugs (TADOC).  INL is funding the 
purchase of office equipment and furniture for the MVD's Interagency 
Counter-Narcotics Training Center. 
 
63.  To increase the capacity of border guards, INL continues to 
cooperate with the Military Institute and the BGS.  INL funded the 
renovation of and provided equipment to an additional Border Guard 
Field Training Center in Uralsk, Western Kazakhstan and a classroom 
at the Military Institute of the Committee
 for National Security. 
INL equipped the Aviation Border Guard Training Center in Astana. 
In response to a request from the Military Institute, a study tour 
for five law-enforcement training academies was combined with a 
train-the-trainer course at TADOC.  The study tour provided ideas 
for the curriculum at the MVD's Interagency Counter-Narcotics 
Training Center.  The study tour also introduced various 
computer-based training systems (CBT) that the UNODC program has 
installed in some law-enforcement training centers.  The BGS 
requested CBT software for the border-guard field training centers 
renovated and equipped by INL.  INL provided a language laboratory 
to the Military Institute.  INL purchased 10 busters, nine of which 
will be used for drug detection on the border and one for training 
courses at the Military Institute.  INL purchased 50 flashlights for 
inspection of vehicles and trains, and 25 video cameras for the BGS 
to document inspections, seizures, and arrests. 
 
ROAD AHEAD 
 
64.  INL will continue cooperation with the government of Kazakhstan 
to increase its counter-narcotics capacity.  Post will continue to 
provide to operational staff training seminars on drug-courier 
profiling, use of newly-provided equipment, and new operations 
techniques.  INL will continue its cooperation with the BGS and 
provide technical assistance to border checkpoints. 
 
STATISTICAL TABLES 
 
Drug Crop Cultivation 
 
Cannabis: 
 
Experts estimate that 145,000 metric tons of marijuana or as much as 
6,000 tons of hashish could be produced annually in the Chu Valley. 
 
Drug seizures in kilograms: 
 
Heroin 
 
2009 - 641.297; 2008 - 1,514.731; 2007 -  378.895 
 
Opium 
 
2009 - 95.3; 2008 - 14.01; 2007 - 197.29 
 
Marijuana 
 
 
2009 - 22,937; 2008 -  21,196; 2007 -  20,467 
 
Hashish 
 
2009 - 432.591; 2008 - 327.161; 2007 -  187.282 
 
Registered Drug Users 
 
53,883 
 
CHEMICAL CONTROL 
 
65.  Kazakhstan complies with article 12 of the UN Convention 
against Illicit Trafficking of Narcotics and Psychotropic 
Substances, which provides that "the parties shall control 
substances frequently used in the illicit manufacture of narcotics 
drugs or psychotropic substances."  The KBN established a special 
office on licensing the legal trade of precursor chemicals, 
psychotropic substances, and drugs.  The office created a single 
unified register of the approximately 1,500 legal entities whose 
activity is related to the trade in chemical precursors. 
 
66.  Under current legislation, potassium permanganate and acetic 
anhydride are included in the list of precursor chemicals and are 
subject to state control.  Acetic anhydride is not produced in 
Kazakhstan and is not imported onto its territory.  Acetic anhydride 
has not been used in industry since 2005. 
 
67.  Kazakhstan annually conducts Operation Doping, during which 
authorities inspect legal entities for compliance with rules of 
storage, use, and destruction of drugs, psychotropic substances, and 
precursors. 
As a result, the MVD discovered 802 violations, opened 30 criminal 
cases, and seized 980 metric tons of precursor chemicals 
(hydrochloric and sulphuric acid), 11,466 ampoules of drugs, and 
59,000 ampoules of psychotropic substances. 
 
HOAGLAND

Wikileaks

09ASTANA2139, KAZAKHSTAN: ASTANA TO HOST SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT

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Reference ID Created Released Classification Origin
09ASTANA2139 2009-12-10 03:38 2011-08-30 01:44 UNCLASSIFIED Embassy Astana

VZCZCXRO2099
OO RUEHIK
DE RUEHTA #2139/01 3440338
ZNR UUUUU ZZH
O 100338Z DEC 09
FM AMEMBASSY ASTANA
TO RUEHC/SECSTATE WASHDC IMMEDIATE 6977
INFO RUCNCIS/CIS COLLECTIVE 2236
RUCNCLS/ALL SOUTH AND CENTRAL ASIA COLLECTIVE
RUEHZL/EUROPEAN POLITICAL COLLECTIVE
RUEHMO/AMEMBASSY MOSCOW 1606
RUEHBJ/AMEMBASSY BEIJING 1599
RUEHKO/AMEMBASSY TOKYO 2300
RUEHUL/AMEMBASSY SEOUL 1234
RUCPDOC/DEPT OF COMMERCE WASHINGTON DC
RUEAIIA/CIA WASHDC
RHEFAAA/DIA WASHDC
RHEHNSC/NSC WASHDC 1794
RUEKJCS/SECDEF WASHDC 1644
RUEKJCS/JOINT STAFF WASHDC
RHMFIUU/CDR USCENTCOM MACDILL AFB FL
RHMFISS/CDR USTRANSCOM SCOTT AFB IL
RUCNDT/USMISSION USUN NEW YORK 2615
RUEHAST/AMCONSUL ALMATY 2084

UNCLAS SECTION 01 OF 03 ASTANA 002139 
 
SIPDIS 
 
STATE FOR SCA/CEN, OES/PCI, IO, EUR/RPM 
 
E.O. 12958: N/A 
TAGS: PGOV PREL ECON SENV OSCE UN KZ
SUBJECT:  KAZAKHSTAN:  ASTANA TO HOST SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT 
MINISTERIAL IN 2010 
 
ASTANA 00002139  001.3 OF 003 
 
 
1.  SUMMARY:  The Kazakhstani Ministry of Environment hosted the 
Advisory Council Meeting on Preparation for the Ministerial 
Conference on Environment and Development (MCED) to be held in 
Astana in 2010.  The MCED is held every five years, and the next 
Ministerial theme will be to adopt "green growth" as the region's 
key strategy.  This MCED will be the first one held in Central Asia. 
 The key issues will be bridging Asia and Europe, trans-boundary 
water issues, climate change adaptation, resilient development, and 
a green environment as central to economic development.  One idea 
will be to regard Kazakhstan's status in Central Asia as a "bridge" 
between Central Asia and Europe.  The Italian Ambassador 
(representing the European Union) said water management is a vital 
challenge, and Europe will attempt to improve water resource 
management and encourage regional cooperation.  The business sector 
said "business as usual" is no longer possible.  The government must 
provide adequate incentives to the business community to increase 
its "greenness."  Such a policy could reduce poverty by providing 
green jobs, reduce overall environmental degradation, help 
businesses adapt to the effects of climate change, and ensure 
sufficient resources for long-term economic growth.  END SUMMARY. 
 
ASTANA TO HOST SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT MINISTERIAL IN 2010 
 
2.  The Kazakhstani Ministry of Environment, along with the 
Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe (OSCE), the 
United Nations Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the 
Pacific (ESCAP), and the Central Asian Regional Environmental Center 
(CAREC) hosted on November 24 the Advisory Council Meeting on 
Preparation for the Ministerial Conference on Environment and 
Development (MCED) to be held in Astana in 2010.  The Minister of 
Environment's Executive Secretary, Anatoliy Dernovoy, introduced the 
conference, saying that the 2010 OSCE Chairmanship is especially 
important for Kazakhstan and for the environmental portion of 
Kazakhstan's responsibilities as the Chair.  Kazakhstan hopes to use 
its geopolitical position in Central Asia to further the resolution 
of several problems, including transportation, tourism, and the 
environment. 
 
3.  Held every five years, beginning in 1985, the MCED allows all 62 
member countries to review the status of their environmental 
development and consider joint cooperation in priority areas.  In 
1985, the MCED focused on human development; in 1990, the 
ministerial prepared input for the 1992 Rio Earth Summit; 1995 
focused on a sustainable development model for Asia and the Pacific; 
and the theme for 2000 was "moving from capacity to concrete 
actions."  This next Ministerial theme will be to adopt "green 
growth" as the region's key strategy, ensuring environmental 
sustainability while maintaining economic growth. 
 
4.  According to United Nations Economic and Social Commission for 
Asia and the Pacific (ESCAP) Masakasu Ichimura, the big difference 
between Asia and Europe is poverty.  Therefore, Asian countries must 
find the proper balance between the environment and economic 
development.  Asia faces the challenges of poverty, access to 
resources, and financial help.  Astana's MCED will focus on the 
environment and development, and the fundamental needs for 
furthering green growth along the direction set in the previous 
MCED. 
 
5.  As the first Ministerial Conference to be held in Central Asia, 
it is a tribute to Kazakhstan's leading role in the region.  The key 
issues for the Ministerial will be to bridge Asia and Europe and 
address trans-boundary water issues, climate change adaptation, 
resilient development, and the centrality of a green environment to 
economic development.  The Ministerial format will consist of two to 
three days of meetings for senior officials, one or two days for 
ministers, and side events.  The tentative dates are September 
27-October 3, 2010, in Astana. 
 
6.  According to Ichimura, the final Ministerial statement will 
include a 2010 regional report on sustainable development, a review 
of the implementation of sustainable development plans and programs 
 
ASTANA 00002139  002.3 OF 003 
 
 
in the Asia Pacific region, a thematic paper (to be determined), a 
ministerial declaration, an action plan for subsequent years, and a 
set of key initiatives in all priority
areas. 
 
KAZAKHSTAN IS THE "BRIDGE" BETWEEN EUROPE AND CENTRAL ASIA 
 
7.  Central Asian Regional Environmental Center (CAREC) Director 
Talaybek Makaev said the major priorities for the upcoming MCED 
include a coordinated management plan for water resources in Central 
Asia, adaptation to climate change, and sustainable energy 
development.  He added that one important theme is to regard 
Kazakhstan in Central Asia as the "bridge" between Central Asia and 
Europe.  Civil society, businesses, governments, diplomatic 
missions, international and regional organizations, the scientific 
community, and the press will participate in MCED.  CAREC aims to 
clarify the notion of a "green economy" and disseminate that idea to 
the general population. 
 
8.  According to Makaev, CAREC will form an expert group to prepare 
for Astana 2010, coordinate the preparation of ministerial 
documents, set up a website as an "information platform," have press 
conferences, place ads in the media, and hold forums to exchange 
ideas.  It will also carry out regional projects, such as the 
insulation of older buildings or reduction of pollution to 
demonstrate the idea of a green economy. 
 
9.  Italian Ambassador Bruno Pasquino, representing the European 
Union, said that coordinated development between regions is the key 
to good governance.  The Asia-Pacific region and Europe need to join 
forces to combat climate change, in part because Central Asia is 
particularly vulnerable to its consequences.  Europe can assist in 
policy-making, implementation, development of clean energy and 
emission-control technology, energy efficiency, and renewable 
energy.  Water management is a vital challenge, he asserted, and 
Europe will attempt to improve water-management and encourage 
regional cooperation.  He mentioned that Europe will establish a 
European-Central Asian working group on climate change and 
environmental governance. 
 
10.  OSCE Economy and Environment Director Terry Holland also 
stressed the importance of environmental security, noting the 
trans-boundary character and global impact of environmental 
problems.  Resolution of water-resource management in Central Asia 
is vital to ensure regional stability.  He added that Kazakhstan 
today serves as a bridge between Europe and Central Asia, because 
Kazakhstan will assume the 2010 OSCE chairmanship.  This position 
will give Kazakhstan a great opportunity to achieve many important 
goals. 
 
BUSINESS SECTOR SUPPORTS THE IDEA OF "GREEN BUSINESS" 
 
11.  ESCAP Department of Environmental Policy and Development Aneta 
Nikolova said "business as usual" is simply no longer possible. 
Economic development faces limitations, including climate change, 
environmental pollution, and a shortage of resources.  Several good 
ideas and initiatives on sustainable development exist, she 
asserted, but methods to support them with targeted policies remain 
unclear.  Because the current ecological footprint of modern 
economies exceeds the earth's bio-capacity, she stated that 
"business as usual" is just a bad idea. 
 
12.  According to Nikolova, a green economy is the wave of the 
future.  The government and public sector must support the goals of 
renewable energy by providing adequate incentives to the business 
community.  Green business can include not only sustainable 
development, but also eco-tourism and the "greening" of the private 
sector (e.g., more energy efficient buildings, less energy 
consumption, less pollution, etc.).  The overall objective is to 
attain "eco-efficiency" along with profitability.  The government 
should support "green business," because they will reduce poverty by 
providing green jobs, decrease overall environmental degradation, 
help businesses adapt to the effects of climate change, and ensure 
 
ASTANA 00002139  003.3 OF 003 
 
 
sufficient resources for long-term economic growth.  She said 
government subsidies to make buildings more green (e.g., better 
insulated, less energy intense, etc.), eco-labeling of products, and 
micro loans to small- and medium-sized enterprises can also help 
promote green business.  She proposed a Green Business Exhibition as 
a side event at the Astana 2010 MCED. 
 
13.  COMMENT:  Astana's hosting of the next MCED in 2010 is 
important, not only because it is the first time for Central Asia, 
but also because it highlights UN, OSCE, and European thoughts on 
Kazakhstan's rising status and leading role in Central Asia.  Set to 
coincide with Kazakhstan's 2010 Chairmanship of the OSCE, it 
burnishes Kazakhstan's image as a country that actively promotes 
sustainable development.  Although Kazakhstan's political will in 
this area is clear, its Soviet legacy often hampers its efforts.  A 
member of the MCED, the United States will most likely send a 
delegation to Astana.  END COMMENT. 
 
HOAGLAND

Wikileaks

09ASTANA2138, KAZAKHSTAN SEEKS TO JOIN INTERNATIONAL OIL-SPILL-RESPONSE

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Reference ID Created Released Classification Origin
09ASTANA2138 2009-12-10 03:37 2011-08-30 01:44 UNCLASSIFIED Embassy Astana

VZCZCXRO2090
OO RUEHIK
DE RUEHTA #2138/01 3440337
ZNR UUUUU ZZH
O 100337Z DEC 09
FM AMEMBASSY ASTANA
TO RUEHC/SECSTATE WASHDC IMMEDIATE 6974
INFO RUCNCIS/CIS COLLECTIVE 2233
RUCNCLS/ALL SOUTH AND CENTRAL ASIA COLLECTIVE
RUEHZL/EUROPEAN POLITICAL COLLECTIVE
RUEHBJ/AMEMBASSY BEIJING 1596
RUEHKO/AMEMBASSY TOKYO 2297
RUEHUL/AMEMBASSY SEOUL 1231
RUEHAK/AMEMBASSY ANKARA 2226
RHMFISS/DEPT OF ENERGY WASHINGTON DC
RUCPDOC/DEPT OF COMMERCE WASHINGTON DC
RUEATRS/DEPT OF TREASURY WASHINGTON DC
RUEAIIA/CIA WASHDC
RHEFAAA/DIA WASHDC
RHEHNSC/NSC WASHDC 1791
RUEKJCS/SECDEF WASHDC 1641
RUEKJCS/JOINT STAFF WASHDC
RHMFIUU/CDR USCENTCOM MACDILL AFB FL
RUEHAST/AMCONSUL ALMATY 2081

UNCLAS SECTION 01 OF 03 ASTANA 002138 
 
SIPDIS 
 
STATE FOR SCA/CEN, EEB/ESC, S/EEE, S/CIEA, EUR/RPM 
STATE PLEASE PASS TO USTDA 
 
E.O. 12958: N/A 
TAGS: PGOV PREL ECON EINV EPET SENV OSCE IMO KZ
SUBJECT:  KAZAKHSTAN SEEKS TO JOIN INTERNATIONAL OIL-SPILL-RESPONSE 
CONVENTIONS 
 
ASTANA 00002138  001.3 OF 003 
 
 
1.  SUMMARY:  Energy Officer attended a November workshop organized 
by the Astana Center of the Organization for Security and 
Cooperation in Europe (OSCE), with the support of the Kazakhstani 
government and International Maritime Organization (IMO), on 
ratification and implementation of international oil-spill-response 
conventions.  The event's approximately 30 participants included 
international experts from the IMO, Oil Spill Preparedness and 
Response Initiative (OSPRI), OSCE, and non-governmental 
organizations and representatives from the Ministries of 
Environmental Protection, Emergency Situations, and Energy and 
Mineral Resources.  Kazakhstan seeks to join international 
oil-spill-response conventions and sign a protocol on joint 
oil-spill response with other Caspian Sea littoral states.  END 
SUMMARY. 
 
COMPANIES HELD REPONSIBLE FOR OIL-SPILL PREVENTION AND RESPONSE 
 
2.  Kazakhstan's national oil-response system presupposes a 
responsibility of the companies to prevent and respond to oil spills 
while the government coordinates and monitors action.  The companies 
that operate oil fields near the sea, process and transport crude, 
and own ships are drafting plans for the prevention and liquidation 
of oil spills.  Oil and shipping companies also are building an 
oil-spill-response base, training staff, and conducting drills. 
 
3.  Vadim Nee, an expert at the Astana OSCE Center, summarized the 
elements of corporate oil-spill-response plans, which appropriate 
ministries of the government of Kazakhstan must approve.  The 
National Oil Spill Contingency Plan, approved by Kazakhstan's 
President Nursultan Nazarbayev in 2002, imposes special requirements 
on the corporate oil-spill-response plans, which must contain 
information on the allocation of high-risk oil objects, map 
environmentally-vulnerable areas, define all spill risks, and 
estimate the time required to liquidate oil spills of various 
degrees.  Nee summarized that Kazakhstan meets some elements 
required by various international conventions, but these aspects are 
all at the local level.  He said that Kazakhstan must approve a 
regional oil-spill-response plan that takes into account the needs 
and capabilities of all Caspian Sea littoral states. 
 
4.  Musa Tanabayev, Director of the Oil and Gas Industry State 
Control Committee of the Ministry of Emergency Situations (MES), 
added that MES regularly holds seminars, drills, and exercises with 
oil and gas companies.  Tanabayev hailed Agip KCO for its creation 
of a special oil-spill-response base with equipment able to pump 
3,300 tons of crude an hour, which allows it to address first- and 
second-degree oil spills.  According to Tanabayev, national 
maritime-shipping company Kazmortransflot also has resources to 
react to oil spills, and the Aktau sea port can respond to first- 
and second-degree oil spills. 
 
WHILE STATE LEADS ON COORDINATION 
 
5.  According to Nee, national oil-spill-response legislation 
includes the ecological code of 2007 and emergency situations law, 
which contain clauses, but not chapters, on oil spills.  The 2002 
National Oil Spill Contingency Plan (NOSCP) outlines the 
coordination between the government and companies when national 
resources are utilized.  Nee also explained that an operating 
company alone handles a first-degree oil spill while NOSCP might 
apply in case of a second-degree oil spills.  Kazakhstan must use 
its NOSCP in case of a third-degree oil spill. 
 
6.  Under the NOSCP, MES is responsible for equipment, staff, and 
public announcements.  The Ministry of Energy and Mineral Resources 
(MEMR) must coordinate with oil and transportation companies, and 
Ministry of Transportation and Communication (MTC) addresses 
transportation and communication.  Ministry of Environmental 
Protection (MEP) monitors the incident, its environmental 
consequences, and allocation of collected oil.  The Ministry of 
Health (MH) oversees medical aid and healthcare, and Akims 
 
ASTANA 00002138  002.3 OF 003 
 
 
(governors) of oblasts undertake restoration.  The National Oil 
Spill Commission, which consists of representatives from MES, MEMR, 
MEP, MTC, MH, and Akims, coordinates and manages the org
anization of 
all activities. 
 
7.  MEMR, MES, MEP, MTC, and Customs Committee are charged with 
general prevention and preparation measures.  Meanwhile, MES, air 
crews, and ship crews are responsible for discovering and reporting 
oil spills.  Balzhan Mukhambetaliyeva, Director of the MEP 
Environmental Regulation Department, highlighted that Kazakhstan 
lacks the emergency funds of other countries, but it has insurance. 
Although Kazakhstan planned to create a centralized 
oil-spill-response base, it abandoned the idea due to complaints by 
environmental non-governmental organizations.  Mukhambetaliyeva 
called for the establishment of a Caspian Littoral Monitoring Center 
in Atyrau. 
 
STATE MINISTRIES CALL FOR FUNDING AND REFORM 
 
8.  MEP's Mukhambetaliyeva also highlighted concerns regarding 1,485 
abandoned wells in Atyrau and Mangistau oblasts at the Caspian Sea. 
"Due to a risk of leakage, these abandoned wells endanger the 
ecosystem of the Caspian Sea," she said.  Even though the 
AtyrauMunaiGasGeology Company insulates approximately 10 wells a 
year, it lacks sufficient capacity and funds.  As a result, 
Mukhambetaliyeva estimates insulation of all abandoned wells will 
take 15 years.  MES's Tanabayev also expressed his concern about 
this issue, but was not as dramatic.  According to MEMR's 2004 
appraisal of wells, 90 abandoned wells require insulation, of which 
the state owns 48 wells and companies 42. 
 
9.  Murat Bekmagambetov, President of the Research Institute for 
Transportation and Communication, mentioned Norway's 
oil-spill-response base, which has equipment but no standing crew. 
The members of oil-spill-response teams, which train regularly, 
retain their permanent jobs.  However, the companies and Norwegian 
government agree on the availability of team members in case of an 
incident.  He recommended adoption of such a system in Kazakhstan. 
 
KAZAKHSTAN TO JOIN INTERNATIONAL OIL-SPILL-RESPONSE CONVENTIONS 
 
10.  Among the rules adopted by Kazakhstan, Yerlan Dzhumashev, 
Director of the Water Transportation Control Department at the MTC 
Transportation Control Committee, listed those of the MTC on the 
issuance of insurance certificates in case of an oil spill -- 
Kazmortransflot has such certificates -- and on ships' obligation to 
declare any incident.  The 1988 Convention for Efficient Technical 
Monitoring of Ships, which Kazakhstan joined, requires contingency 
plans for all ships.  According to Dzhumashev, some discrepancies 
exist in the laws, but amendments could address them.  In 
particular, Kazakhstan must amend the law to hold both crude and 
ship owners responsible. 
 
11.  Alexander Keltchewsky, OSCE Ambassador, mentioned the 2007 OSCE 
review of the environmental safety of maritime operations.  At 
multiple OSCE workshops, participants from MTC, MES, and MEP 
expressed Kazakhstan's willingness to join the IMO and other 
maritime conventions, such as the 1990 International Convention on 
Oil Pollution Preparedness, Response and Cooperation (OPRC), 1969 
International Convention on Civil Liability for Oil Pollution Damage 
(CLC), 1971 International Convention on the Establishment of an 
International Fund for Compensation for Oil Pollution Damage, and 
International Convention on Civil Liability for Bunker Oil Pollution 
Damage.  Bekmagambetov called for a comparison and assessment of 
local oil-spill-response plans for their compliance with 
international standards. 
 
JOINT OIL-SPILL-RESPONSE WITH OTHER CASPIAN SEA LITTORAL STATES 
 
12.  Peter Taylor of the Oil Spill Preparedness and Response 
Initiative (OSPRI) stressed the need for cooperation between the 
 
ASTANA 00002138  003.3 OF 003 
 
 
government and companies.  In existence for over five years in the 
Black and Caspian Seas, OSPRI brings together six Black Sea littoral 
states to tackle jointly oil spills.  They hold regional drills with 
companies.  The Committee for Environmental Protection (CEP) and 
International Maritime Organization (IMO) have organized seven 
regional seminars in 2001-2008 on Caspian Sea environmental 
cooperation.  The Caspian Sea littoral states almost agreed on the 
content of a regional plan, with signature of a protocol expected 
during the November 10-12 meeting of governmental experts in Astana. 
 However, because it was not finalized, approval of the protocol now 
is expected on January 25, 2010 in Moscow during the next meeting, 
with signature later in Astana.  Its implementation presupposes all 
five Caspian Sea littoral states will cooperate in case of an oil 
spill.  According to Patricia Charlebois, IMO expert, an efficient 
oil-spill response demands political will, appropriate legislation 
in compliance with international conventions, a national 
oil-spill-contingency plan, and good cooperation on local, regional, 
and national levels. 
 
13.  COMMENT:  According to the Director of Health, Safety, 
Security, and Environment for Shell Kazakhstan, more than 20 minor 
oil spills have occurred in the Caspian Sea in the last three years, 
although none involved fields or vessels operated by international 
oil companies.  A major oil spill in the Caspian would be an 
environmental disaster for the region's inhabitants and wildlife, as 
well as carry significant economic and political consequences.  An 
August decree gives the government the right to amend or change 
contracts if it determines that a subsoil user's actions could 
substantially change Kazakhstan's economic interests or threaten its 
national security.  Although the decree does not define the above 
terms, a major oil spill would certainly qualify, thus theoretically 
jeopardizing hundreds of millions of dollars of investments by U.S. 
and other international oil companies to develop offshore fields, 
such as Kashagan and Pearls.  International cooperation is therefore 
critical to provide Kazakhstan the expertise, equipment, and 
capability it needs to be able to respond to -- if not prevent -- a 
major oil spill in the Caspian.  END COMMENT. 
 
HOAGLAND

Wikileaks

09ASTANA2127, KAZAKHSTAN: EXBS ADVISOR’S REPORTING CABLE (NOVEMBER

WikiLeaks Link

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Reference ID Created Released Classification Origin
09ASTANA2127 2009-12-07 09:40 2011-08-30 01:44 UNCLASSIFIED Embassy Astana

VZCZCXRO9290
RR RUEHIK
DE RUEHTA #2127/01 3410940
ZNR UUUUU ZZH
R 070940Z DEC 09
FM AMEMBASSY ASTANA
TO RUEHC/SECSTATE WASHDC 6954
INFO RUCNCIS/CIS COLLECTIVE 2219
RUEHZL/EUROPEAN POLITICAL COLLECTIVE
RUCNCLS/ALL SOUTH AND CENTRAL ASIA COLLECTIVE
RUEHKO/AMEMBASSY TOKYO 2284
RUEHBJ/AMEMBASSY BEIJING 1583
RUEHUL/AMEMBASSY SEOUL 1218
RUEAORC/US CUSTOMS AND BORDER PROTECTION WASHINGTON DC
RHMFISS/DEPT OF ENERGY WASHINGTON DC
RUCPDOC/DEPT OF COMMERCE WASHINGTON DC
RULSJGA/COMDT COGARD WASHINGTON DC
RUEKJCS/SECDEF WASHDC 1628
RHEHNSC/NSC WASHDC 1778
RHEFAAA/DIA WASHDC
RUEAIIA/CIA WASHDC
RUEKJCS/JOINT STAFF WASHDC
RHMFIUU/CDR USCENTCOM MACDILL AFB FL

UNCLAS SECTION 01 OF 02 ASTANA 002127 
 
SIPDIS 
 
DEPT FOR SCA/CEN 
DEPT FOR ISN/ECC: JFRIEDMAN, ACHURCH, JHARTSHORN, SROBINSON 
DEPT FOR ISN/ECC-AMT: LSPRINGER, DLYONS 
DEPT FOR EUR/ACE: DFISCHER 
DEPT FOR SCA/RA: JSPILSBURY 
CBP/INA: KCHAISSON AND BPICKETT 
USDOE/NNSA: CWALKER, TPERRY, EDESCHLER 
DOC FOR DCREED 
AMEMBASSY BERLIN FOR CUSTOMS ATTACHE 
AMEMBASSY TASHKENT, BISHKEK, BAKU, DUSHANBE AND ASHGABAT FOR EXBS 
ADVISORS 
 
E.O. 12958: N/A 
TAGS: PARM PREL ETTC MNUC KNNP KSTC KZ
 
SUBJECT:  KAZAKHSTAN:  EXBS ADVISOR'S REPORTING CABLE (NOVEMBER 
2009) 
 
ASTANA 00002127  001.2 OF 002 
 
 
I.  BROAD ITEMS OF INTEREST TO ADVISORS AND AGENCY MANAGERS: 
 
NONE 
 
II. COMPLETED ACTIONS FOR THE REPORTING PERIOD: 
 
A.  SITE ASSESSMENTS AND MEETINGS CONDUCTED 
 
1.  November 2-10, EXBS Advisor was TDY to Embassy Yerevan to 
conduct meetings and briefings for Fred Carter, the newly arrived 
EXBS Advisor to Armenia. 
 
2.  November 12, EXBS office received a Diplomatic Note from the MFA 
advising EXBS that the Border Guards would not be able to meet with 
EXBS until December due to their busy schedule.  The Border Guards 
still have not answered our mid-October Dip Note requesting access 
to the sites where the portable shelter will be installed.  EXBS and 
NSOI funded five portable shelters for the border guards, the first 
of which has been delivered to the border guard warehouse in Almaty. 
 The Border Guards have not disclosed where they will put the 
shelters, only that they will be used on the Kazakh-Uzbek border. 
EXBS will continue to press the border guards for access to the 
sites to ensure all preparation work has been completed for 
installation. 
 
3.  November 13, EXBS Advisor completed and submitted inputs for the 
PPR. 
 
4.  November 17, EXBS Advisor briefed FBI Director, Robert Mueller, 
on the EXBS program in Kazakhstan and answered questions concerning 
proliferation threats. 
 
5.  November 16 - 20, EXBS Program Coordinator and Admin Assistant 
were TDY to Frankfurt for the annual EXBS FSN conference and 
training. 
 
B. TRAINING COURSES CONDUCTED DURING THE REPORTING PERIOD 
 
None 
 
C. EQUIPMENT DELIVERED DURING THE REPORTING PERIOD 
 
None 
 
D. IMMINENT TRAINING OR EQUIPMENT STATUS UPDATE 
 
TRAINING: 
 
NONE 
 
 
EQUIPMENT: 
 
1. The Regional Procurement Support Office/Frankfurt (RPSO) executed 
a contract for the procurement of five (5) portable modular shelter 
complexes valued at $1,178,330.  These shelters are part of the 
Kazakhstan Green Border Project and will be purchased using EXBS and 
NSOI provided funding. 
 
2. The Regional Procurement Support Office/Frankfurt (RPSO) executed 
a contract for the procurement of five (5) 
X-ray baggage screening systems valued at $620,565 for the 
 
ASTANA 00002127  002.2 OF 002 
 
 
Kazakhstan Customs Control Committee.  Delivery date pending. 
 
E. SIGNIFICANT DEVELOPMENTS IN EXPORT CONTROLS, NONPROLIFERATION, OR 
RELATED BORDER SECURITY 
 
None 
 
F. CASPIAN SECURITY INFORMATION 
 
None 
 
III. RED FLAG ISSUES: 
 
None 
 
HOAGLAND

Wikileaks

09ASTANA2101, KAZAKHSTAN: ANTI-TRAFFICKING PROGRAMS IN KOKSHETAU – NGO

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Reference ID Created Released Classification Origin
09ASTANA2101 2009-12-01 04:47 2011-08-30 01:44 UNCLASSIFIED Embassy Astana

VZCZCXRO3659
PP RUEHIK
DE RUEHTA #2101/01 3350447
ZNR UUUUU ZZH
P 010447Z DEC 09
FM AMEMBASSY ASTANA
TO RUEHC/SECSTATE WASHDC PRIORITY 6933
INFO RUCNCIS/CIS COLLECTIVE 2205
RUCNCLS/ALL SOUTH AND CENTRAL ASIA COLLECTIVE
RUEHZL/EUROPEAN POLITICAL COLLECTIVE
RUEHBJ/AMEMBASSY BEIJING 1569
RUEHKO/AMEMBASSY TOKYO 2270
RUEHUL/AMEMBASSY SEOUL 1204
RUEAIIA/CIA WASHDC
RHEFAAA/DIA WASHDC
RHEHNSC/NSC WASHDC 1764
RUEKJCS/SECDEF WASHDC 1614
RUEKJCS/JOINT STAFF WASHDC
RHMFIUU/CDR USCENTCOM MACDILL AFB FL
RUEHAST/AMCONSUL ALMATY 2043
RUEAWJL/DEPT OF JUSTICE WASHINGTON DC
RHMCSUU/FBI WASHINGTON DC
RHMFIUU/DEPT OF HOMELAND SECURITY WASHINGTON DC 0050

UNCLAS SECTION 01 OF 03 ASTANA 002101 
 
SIPDIS 
 
STATE FOR INL/AAE, G/TIP, SCA/CEN 
 
E.O. 12958: N/A 
TAGS: PGOV ELAB SMIG SOCI KCRM KTIP KWMN KZ
SUBJECT:  KAZAKHSTAN:  ANTI-TRAFFICKING PROGRAMS IN KOKSHETAU - NGO 
MAKES A BIG DIFFERENCE IN A SMALL PLACE 
 
ASTANA 00002101  001.3 OF 003 
 
 
REFTEL:  ASTANA 1206 
 
1.  SUMMARY: During a November 12-13 visit to northern city of 
Kokshetau, the DCM reviewed efforts to fight trafficking in persons 
(TIP).  She met with a local NGO, visited its shelter for victims of 
trafficking, and opened the anti-trafficking play "Night Stars" and 
a trafficking-prevention training course for community police 
officers.  The force behind the anti-trafficking successes in 
Kokshetau is Galina Morozova, whose influence has effectively raised 
awareness and helped victims in this mid-sized community.  END 
SUMMARY. 
 
THE FEMINIST LEAGUE 
 
2.  One of the oldest, as well as the most experienced and effective 
anti-trafficking non-governmental organization in Kazakhstan, the 
Feminist League is a member of three large anti-trafficking NGO 
networks:  the International Organization for Migration (IOM), the 
Association against Trafficking in Persons in Central Asia 
(AATIPCA), and the Union of Crisis Centers (UCC).  The Feminist 
League receives occasional funding from all three networks.  In 1998 
when the Feminist League began to combat human trafficking, 
Kazakhstan was a Tier 3 country.  Authorities were not willing to 
accept that Kazakhstan was a country of origin for sexual 
exploitation.  Women were trafficked from Kazakhstan to Greece, 
Israel, Romania, and Turkey.  Galina Morozova, President of the 
Feminist League, helped victims return to their home cities and 
provided assistance and protection in a make-shift shelter in her 
home. 
 
3.  Morozova has actively participated in and implemented many 
U.S.-funded programs.  In 2000, she received her first grant from 
the Embassy's Democracy Commission to train police officers in 
Uralsk, Kostanai, and Pavlodar.  From 2001 to 2008, Morozova 
operated a hotline and conducted a series of anti-trafficking 
information campaigns with a USAID grant.  Morozova participated in 
this year's USAID Community Connections program in Los Angeles and 
in the International Visitors Leadership program in 2003.  This 
year, she received an INL grant through the AATIPCA network to train 
community police officers to identify victims of trafficking.  She 
also received a direct INL grant to bring the anti-trafficking play 
"Night Stars" to Astana (reftel). 
 
SHELTER 
 
4.  In 2008, the Feminist League established a TIP Shelter in 
Kokshetau with funds provided by the Embassy of the Netherlands 
through a grant to IOM.  Following an initial meeting, Morozova 
accompanied the DCM to the shelter to which the DCM presented 
clothing, cosmetics, and toiletries donated by the Embassy 
community.  An unassuming house in the suburbs of Kokshetau with a 
high wall, locking gates, and video surveillance, the shelter has 
two offices, a kitchen, a living room, and three bedrooms for 
victims.  Three female residents, including two minors, currently 
reside in the shelter, which can house up to 15 victims.  The 
shelter has a social worker, psychologist, and security personnel. 
 
 
5.  Morozova, the social worker, and psychologist recounted the 
story of each current resident: 
 
- At a very young age after 16-year-old Marina lost her parents, her 
grandmother and uncle moved her from the city of Kokshetau to an 
orphanage in a village in the region.  When she was 15 years old, 
she returned to Kokshetau to live with her grandmother and uncle and 
attend school.  Her uncle drank heavily and abused her on a daily 
basis.  After she ran away from home several times, a classmate took 
her to a brothel where she was forced to work as a prostitute. 
(NOTE:  Recruitment by victims in exchange for their freedom has 
been reported in several cases.  END NOTE.)  She eventually gave 
birth to a child, who was taken away from her two months later, and 
threats to the child were used to convince her to continue working. 
Morozova learned about Marina from another girl in the shelter, 
 
ASTANA 00002101  002.3 OF 003 
 
 
called police, and joined them in a rescue operation. 
 
- When she was 12 years old, a 16-year-old from Karagandinskaya 
Oblast was kicked out of the house after telling her mother that her 
stepfather had raped her.  She lived for three years with a 
twenty-five-year-old man before she was forced to work as a 
prostitute in Karaganda, Astana, and Kokshetau.  Police rescued her 
upon rece
ipt of an anonymous tip.  In the shelter, she has been 
trained as a hairdresser.  A few days before the DCM's visit, the 
girl learned from her mother that her step-father had died.  She now 
plans to return home. 
 
- A 27-year-old woman, originally from Astana, moved to a village in 
Kostanaiskaya Oblast after her mother's death in order to live with 
her elder sister.  After she divorced her husband, she returned to 
Astana to see her brother-in-law and look for a job.  When she 
arrived, her brother-in-law took her documents and sold her to a 
pimp.  Two years later, she escaped to Kokshetau where she was found 
by police officers during an anti-trafficking operation.  20-weeks 
pregnant upon arrival at the shelter, she refused to keep the baby, 
because she did not know the identity of the father.  She was 
trained as a manicurist at the shelter and will leave the shelter 
once she finds a job and apartment. 
 
"NIGHT STARS" AND TRAINING 
 
6.  On November 13, the DCM delivered opening remarks at a 
victim-identification training seminar for community police officers 
conducted by Morozova and funded by INL through a grant to ATIPCA. 
Even though community police do not investigate trafficking cases, 
they are first responders and most likely the first to encounter a 
trafficking victim.  Their ability to recognize trafficking crimes 
will help them save victims before they disappear.  Morozova's 
workshop drew 100 percent participation and the staff leader spoke 
earnestly about the importance of his officers' work to fight 
trafficking.  The INL project is training 900 community police 
officers in 36 trainings sessions conducted by nine NGOs throughout 
Kazakhstan.  Feminist League is conducting four training sessions in 
Kokshetau, Astana, and two villages in the Akmolinskaya Oblast. 
Once completed, post will report the project septel. 
 
7.  The evening before the seminar, Morozova drew a group of 
community police officers to a performance of the anti-trafficking 
play "Night Stars" in the Russian Drama Theater, at which the DCM 
delivered opening remarks.  Twice a week performances of "Night 
Stars" for more than five years has created significant public 
awareness and received rave reviews and standing ovations.  INL 
funded 10 performances in Astana for approximately 9,000 high school 
and college students (reftel).  During her opening remarks, the DCM 
congratulated the Director of the Russian Drama Theater Anatolyi 
Tarasov on the success of the play and presented him a certificate 
of appreciation from the Ambassador for his personal contributions 
to the global fight against human trafficking. 
 
POLITICIANS ON BOARD 
 
8.  Morozova has such influence that when the DCM met with the 
deputy governor and mayor, each spent time praising the NGO's work 
and decrying the problem of trafficking.  The deputy governor made 
space for Morozova at the oblast's table during the meeting.  The 
mayor's remarks were covered by the local press. 
 
DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE AND TIP COMMISSION 
 
9.  During the trip, INL Officer and Program Manager met Pawel 
Triszh, Deputy Director of the Akmolinskaya Department of Justice 
and Chair of the oblast's TIP Commission.  The Department of Justice 
leads coordination of anti-trafficking efforts in the oblasts and is 
responsible for implementation of the government's TIP plan. 
Despite regular INL contact with the Ministry of Justice, 
opportunities rarely arise to discuss trafficking with the 
oblast-level departments.  A wide-range of government agencies 
including the Akimats, the Departments of Interior, National 
 
ASTANA 00002101  003.3 OF 003 
 
 
Security, Tourism and Sport, Labor and Social Protection, and 
Education, comprise the TIP Commission.  In Kokshetau, the Feminist 
League and a local newspaper also actively participate in the 
Commission, which meets regularly.  According to Triszh, Morozova 
maintains daily contact with him on current trafficking issues. 
 
10.  Triszh underscored the tragic nature of even one case of 
trafficking in a region where trafficking is a low-level, but 
persistent problem.  Therefore, this TIP Commission has focused 
heavily on prevention and works closely with the media, NGOs, and 
tourist agencies to increase public awareness.  Triszh reported that 
there were 13 trafficking cases in 2008 and 10 cases in the first 10 
months of 2009.  When asked whether he would characterize his oblast 
as a source or destination for trafficking, he explained that 
trafficking is primarily internal for sexual exploitation with young 
women being trafficked from villages into larger cities and resort 
areas.  (NOTE:  The resort area of Borovoye, located approximately 
100 kilometers south-east of Kokshetau, is a common destination for 
short vacations from Astana.  END NOTE.)  He also explained that the 
oblast is a destination for labor exploitation because of the 
construction industry. 
 
11.  INL Officer suggested Triszh consider inclusion of drug demand 
reduction in the anti-trafficking information campaigns as part of 
his prevention efforts.  Triszh seemed interested and committed to 
study the idea. 
 
12.  COMMENT:  Recognizing the problem of trafficking in persons, 
NGO and government officials in Kokshetau are working to help 
victims, convict traffickers, and eliminate the problem by 
increasing awareness among the citizens of the Akmolinskaya Oblast. 
INL Officer has often raised the need to combine 
drug-demand-reduction and trafficking awareness programs at the 
national and international level, but he never previously had the 
opportunity to raise this idea at the local level.  This type of 
interaction may be the key to launching this project in Kazakhstan. 
END COMMENT. 
 
SPRATLEN

Wikileaks

09ASTANA2099, KAZAKHSTAN: PRESIDENTIAL ENTREPRENEURSHIP SUMMIT

WikiLeaks Link

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Reference ID Created Released Classification Origin
09ASTANA2099 2009-11-30 10:26 2011-08-30 01:44 UNCLASSIFIED Embassy Astana

VZCZCXRO2677
OO RUEHAST RUEHBI RUEHCI RUEHDBU RUEHLH RUEHLN RUEHNEH RUEHPW RUEHSK
RUEHVK RUEHYG
DE RUEHTA #2099/01 3341026
ZNR UUUUU ZZH
O 301026Z NOV 09
FM AMEMBASSY ASTANA
TO RUEHC/SECSTATE WASHDC IMMEDIATE 6926
INFO RUCNCIS/CIS COLLECTIVE 2198
RUCNCLS/ALL SOUTH AND CENTRAL ASIA COLLECTIVE
RUCPDOC/DEPT OF COMMERCE WASHINGTON DC
RUEAIIA/CIA WASHDC
RHEFAAA/DIA WASHDC
RHEHNSC/NSC WASHDC 1757
RUEHAST/AMCONSUL ALMATY 2036

UNCLAS SECTION 01 OF 05 ASTANA 002099 
 
SIPDIS 
 
STATE FOR SCA/CEN, S/P, R/PPR, EEB 
 
E.O. 12958: N/A 
TAGS: PREL ECON EINV EAID KZ
SUBJECT:  KAZAKHSTAN:  PRESIDENTIAL ENTREPRENEURSHIP SUMMIT 
 
REF:  STATE 112495 
 
ASTANA 00002099  001.2 OF 005 
 
 
1.  (U) SUMMARY:  This cable responds to reftel request for nominees 
from Kazakhstan for the Presidential Entrepreneurship Summit in 
2010.  It also summarizes Mission plans to conduct a series of 
public diplomacy events and business roundtables to highlight the 
importance of fostering entrepreneurship and creating jobs in 
Kazakhstan.  END SUMMARY. 
 
2.  (U) The U.S. Mission to Kazakhstan is pleased to respond to the 
Department's request to prepare for the Presidential 
Entrepreneurship Summit.  We believe that this event will 
demonstrate that the United States is a full partner in advancing 
economic opportunity in Kazakhstan and will provide public support 
and a lasting social network to the business and community leaders 
who attend. 
 
INTERAGENCY ENTREPRENEURSHIP WORKING GROUP ESTABLISHED 
 
3.  (U) Together with USAID Mission Director for Central Asia Andy 
Sisson, Ambassador Hoagland has established and will oversee an 
interagency working group on expanding economic opportunity.  The 
working group currently includes representatives from USAID, the 
U.S. Commercial Service, and the Political-Economic and Public 
Affairs sections of the Embassy. 
We are committed to the advancement of local entrepreneurship and 
economic opportunity, in particular through a unique partnership 
with USAID and the government of Kazakhstan, which co-finances the 
Program for Economic Development (PED). 
 
WORKING WITH LOCAL PARTNERS AND KEY STAKEHOLDERS 
 
4.  (U) The PED program funds several activities in support of 
entrepreneurship, including projects to promote policy dialogue, 
strengthen the commercial law framework, streamline administrative 
processes, and promote operational improvements for the benefit of 
small and medium enterprises (SMEs) in Kazakhstan. 
 
5.  (U) The Mission will conduct a roundtable in December to engage 
key stakeholders in entrepreneurship and economic opportunity, and 
will submit a plan of relevant activities separately.  Together with 
local partners such as the American Chamber of Commerce (AmCham), 
Eurasia Foundation, Forum of Entrepreneurs, and the New University, 
we will also conduct a series of events in 2010 to promote the goals 
of the Summit. 
 
PUBLIC DIPLOMACY ACTION PLAN 
 
6.  (U) The U.S. Embassy's public diplomacy plan for the 
Presidential Entrepreneurship Summit will consist of three major 
components: 
 
-- Entrepreneurship Roundtable:  The Embassy plans to organize a 
roundtable to discuss entrepreneurship in the lead up to the Summit. 
 This will be an opportunity to introduce the Summit to critical 
Kazakhstani audiences.  The Embassy will issue a press release 
quoting President Obama's Cairo speech and linking this initiative 
directly to that of the President.  We will also organize media 
coverage of the roundtable and look for an opportunity for a 
one-on-one interview with a business weekly in which the Ambassador 
can explain the goals of the Summit. 
 
-- The Public Private Enterprise Partnership Initiative (PPEPI): 
The Ambassador and Deputy Prime Minister co-chair this initiative, 
which engages business leaders from the United States and Kazakhstan 
to identify policy reforms that will improve the investment climate 
in Kazakhstan.  As the Summit approaches, the Embassy will encourage 
executives of the project's Secretariat, AmCham, to speak with the 
Kazakhstani press to describe the importance and anticipated impact 
of the Summit.  Through PPEPI, the Embassy will also contact 
Kazakhstani business leaders who can speak to the press about the 
Summit.  Not only will this outreach be good for PPEPI, but it will 
give an authentic, local voice to the Presidential Summit. 
 
-- Returning Summiters:  After the summit ends, the Embassy will 
plan an event to welcome Summit participants home and give them the 
opportunity to discuss their experiences.  This event could take the 
form of a roundtable discussion or a press conference panel, and it 
will be co-sponsored by the U.S. Embassy and PPEPI.  Press will be 
invited to cover the event and conduct side interviews with 
returning participants. 
 
THE NOMINEES FROM KAZAKHSTAN 
 
 
ASTANA 00002099  002.2 OF 005 
 
 
7.  (U) We are pleased to recommend the following outstanding 
Kazakhstani entrepreneurs for participation in the 2010 Presidential 
Entrepreneurship Summit.  In addition to being successful 
entrepreneurs, they are also community leaders dedicated to the 
long-term development of Kazakhstan.  Please note that Mission 
Kazakhstan has nominated 12 candidates, listed in priority order, to 
participate in the Summit, because it was exceedin
gly difficult to 
select only 10 entrepreneurs from Kazakhstan's deep talent pool. 
All nominees speak fluent English, except as noted. 
 
A.  Nurlan Smagulov, 43, Almaty.  President of Astana Group, 2008 
Ernst & Young Entrepreneur Of The Year.  Mr. Smagulov is the founder 
of Astana Group holding company, which comprises automotive sales, 
grain production and trading, and real estate development.  In the 
early 1990s, he founded a car dealership that sells international 
automotive brands.  Today, the company is a national leader with 
dealerships throughout the country.  In the mid-1990s, Mr. Smagulov 
launched a new business and developed a vertically-integrated 
structure for grain production, processing, and trading on domestic 
and international markets.  The company is now a leader in flour and 
pasta production in Kazakhstan, and one of the largest grain 
exporters in the country.  Mr. Smagulov then invested in real estate 
development.  The first Mega shopping mall began operations in 2006 
in Almaty.  Since then, the brand has expanded to other cities in 
Kazakhstan and provides an international standard shopping 
experience for domestic consumers.  Mr. Smagulov has said, 
"Kazakhstan is a young country which is steadily developing toward a 
market economy.  The Entrepreneur Of The Year Award is recognition 
not only of our company's strategy and our past achievements, but 
also our daily determination during times of uncertainty.  And this 
award is a strong motivation to work further and contribute to the 
community." 
 
B.  Raimbek Batalov, 39, Almaty.  Founder and Chairman of Raimbek 
Group, a diversified food products company founded in 1992.  In 
2002, Mr. Batalov was elected Chairman of the Board of the Forum of 
Entrepreneurs, a position he continues to hold today.  As a 
successful businessman and Chairman of the Forum, he strives to 
create a favorable investment climate in which small and 
medium-sized enterprises in Kazakhstan can operate profitably, 
deliver quality consumer products, create jobs, and diversify the 
economy.  Mr. Batalov has been a member of the Presidential Council 
of Entrepreneurs since 2006.  In 2005, he was appointed Chairman of 
Kazakhstan's delegation to the Business Council of the Shanghai 
Cooperation Organization, a multilateral organization promoting 
security, economic, and cultural cooperation between China, Russia, 
Kazakhstan, Tajikistan, Kyrgyzstan, and Uzbekistan. 
 
C.  Yerzhan Mandiyev, 37, Ust-Kamenogorsk, East Kazakhstan. 
President of Asia Auto since November 2003, shortly after the 
company was established in December 2002.  Mr. Mandiyev joined the 
automotive industry after working in Kazakhstan's banking sector. 
He began with an ambitious plan to establish a domestic automobile 
industry capable of producing competitive vehicles locally, to meet 
consumer demand in Kazakhstan and neighboring countries.  At first, 
Asia Auto only assembled cars, but under Mr. Mandiyev's leadership, 
the company began producing ornamental rings and harnesses, and 
opened branch offices throughout Kazakhstan.  Mr. Mandiyev also 
rapidly expanded the range of cars assembled by Asia Auto, starting 
with the Niva in 2003, the Skoda Octavia in 2005, and a range of 
Chevrolet products in 2007.  Today, Asia Avto assembles the 
Chevrolet Lacetti, Epica, and Captiva automobiles, and has produced 
sample units of the Cadillac Escalade, Cadillac CTS, and Hummer H2 
and H3 vehicles.  Mr. Mandiyev plans to build a new plant with a 
design capacity of 120,000 cars a year, which will provide jobs to 
4,000 residents in East Kazakhstan Oblast.  The development of 
Kazakhstan's domestic automobile industry under Mr. Mandiyev's 
supervision has had a multiplier effect, as it promotes adjacent 
industrial sectors that manufacture auto components, spare parts, 
tires, auto glass, and electronics.  Mr. Mandiyev is an active 
promoter of entrepreneurial values and represents the interests of 
domestic entrepreneurs as a member of the management board of the 
Atameken Union of Entrepreneurs and the Presidential Council of 
Entrepreneurs. 
 
D.  Alexander Deriglazov, 40, Ust-Kamenogorsk, East Kazakhstan. 
Founder and CEO of Meloman, Kazakhstan's leading distributor of 
movies, music, and other copyrighted material.  With an unwavering 
commitment to the protection of intellectual property rights (IPR), 
Mr. Deriglazov has become one of Kazakhstan's most prominent 
advocates for strengthening IPR protection.  He maintains a strong 
working relationship with the Ministry of Justice's IPR Committee 
and has made significant contributions to developing IPR legislation 
in Kazakhstan.  In July 2009, his efforts paid off when the 
 
ASTANA 00002099  003.2 OF 005 
 
 
Copyright Law of the Republic of Kazakhstan was amended to allow for 
the protection of phonographic media rights, which secured regional 
distribution rights for licensed audio and video media.  This has 
greatly improved the ability of both law enforcement and licensed 
media distribution outlets such as Meloman to pursue and prosecute 
businesses and individuals selling pirated media.  With U.S products 
comprising a significant portion of his retail business, Alexander 
has been a reliable Embassy contact for several years, always taking 
the time to provide valuable input to IPR reporting.  In January and 
February 2008, Alexander participated in the International Visitors 
Leadership Development program on Protection of Intellectual 
Property Rights.   A native of Zyyanovsk, East Kazakhstan, Alexander 
graduated from Ust Kamenogorsk Technical University in 1992. 
 
E.  Andrei Chagai, 38, Almaty.  Co-owner and managing partner in a 
Kazakhstani-U.S. joint venture that operates coffee shops in Almaty 
under the Coffeedelia brand.  Mr. Chagai was on a SABIT internship 
from June-December 1998 with Statco International in Seattle, 
focusing on general business training, operational excellence, and 
Good Manufacturing Practices.  After several years of hard work and 
detailed negotiations, he and Statco established a joint venture 
(Marco Polo) in 2005, and opened a network of coffee shops.  When he 
returned to Kazakhstan in 2005, Mr. Chagai established a joint 
venture with Statco to open a network of coffee shops.  Their first 
enterprise employed 30 Kazakhstanis and introduced a new business 
culture and management standards for Kazakhstan.  Today, Coffeedelia 
is one of the most stylish and successful coffee shops of 
Kazakhstan.  In February 2008, the company opened its second coffee 
shop, and hired an additional 35 people.  Mr. Chagai and his 
partners are now considering expanding their business by registering 
Coffeedelia as a franchise. 
 
F.  Nurlan Kapparov, 39, Almaty.  Chairman of the Board of Directors 
of the Lancaster Group.  In 1990, Mr. Kapparov founded Accept 
Corporation, where he was President from 1991-97.  He served as 
President and CEO of Kazakh national companies KazTransOil from 
1997-98 and KazakhOil from 1998-99.  Mr. Kapparov was appointed 
Deputy Minister at the Ministry of Energy and Mineral
 Resources in 
1999, where he worked until 2001 and was responsible for monitoring 
the oil and gas sector. In 2000-01, he served as Chairman of the 
North Caspian Operating Committee (Kashagan) and also led the team 
negotiating delimitation of the Caspian Sea between Russia and 
Kazakhstan.  In 2003, Mr. Kapparov became Chairman of the Lancaster 
Group and served as Independent Director of PetroKazakhstan from 
2003-05.  Currently, Mr. Kapparov is Chairman of the Board of 
Trustees of the Jambyl Foundation.  He is also co-founder of the 
Harvard Club of Central Asia (HCCA) and was its first President, and 
is co-founder of the Republican Physics and Mathematics School 
Alumni Fund.  Mr. Kapparov is a member of the Belfer Center for 
Science and International Affairs at the Kennedy School of 
Government at Harvard University.  He was born in 1970 in Almaty, 
and is a graduate of Almaty Technological Institute and the Kennedy 
School of Government. 
 
G.  Janat Berdalina, Almaty.  President, KPMG Kazakhstan and Central 
Asia.  Ms. Berdalina manages one of the most successful 
international tax and audit firms in Kazakhstan.  Since 1993, when 
she started her own consulting firm, Ms. Berdalina has been an 
active and influential advisor to international businesses and 
government officials in Kazakhstan.  She was just the seventh 
auditor to receive a license to practice in Kazakhstan, and was 
instrumental in developing the new Tax Code and Law on Auditing.  As 
an official with the Ministry of Finance, she helped to draft the 
regulations leading to the adoption and implementation of 
International Standards on Auditing.  From 1998 to 2002, Ms. 
Berdalina served as co-chair of the tax working group under the 
Foreign Investors' Council, the most exclusive business association 
in Kazakhstan, headed by President Nazarbayev.  Ms. Berdalina has a 
degree in international business from Bristol University (UK) and an 
MBA from the Ecole Nationale de Ponts Chaussees, (France). 
 
H.  Marina Kim, 51, Almaty.   Since graduating from Almaty Medical 
University in 1982 with a degree in pharmacology, Ms. Kim has been a 
pioneering leader of Kazakhstan's pharmaceutical sector.  In 1988, 
she was named assistant director of the Semipalatinsk pharmaceutical 
production association Pharmacia.  Ten years later, in 1998, she 
helped to found Romat, one of Kazakhstan's first private 
pharmaceutical companies.  Today, Romat is a vertically integrated 
pharmaceutical holding company with business lines in research and 
development, drug production and product distribution.  Romat owns 
and operates three modern manufacturing facilities, 18 branches 
throughout Kazakhstan, and more than 30 drug stores around the 
country.  Under Ms. Kim's leadership, Romat has established business 
relationships with more than 90 of the world's most successful 
 
ASTANA 00002099  004.2 OF 005 
 
 
pharmaceutical companies, including Pfizer (USA), Eli Lilly 
(Switzerland), Glaxo Smith Kline (Great Britain), and Nestle 
(Switzerland).  Romat's researchers recently patented a new 
anti-tuberculosis medicine and Ms. Kim has ambitious plans to 
license and market the drug globally.  For eight consecutive years, 
Romat has been nominated for an award as Kazakhstan's best 
pharmaceutical company, and in 2009, the company was honored as the 
best distributor of pharmaceutical products in Kazakhstan.  Romat 
employs more than 1400 people, 70% of whom are women.  In addition, 
women hold 80% of the company's management positions. 
 
I.  Aigul Solovyeva, 57, Atyrau.  Member of the Mazhilis (Lower 
Chamber of Parliament) since 2007, and Chair of the Civic Alliance 
Movement since 2006.  She has been honored with several public 
service awards, and serves on the Anticorruption Council.  Ms. 
Solovyeva began her career as a sole proprietor in the dairy 
processing industry, and is an alumnus of the Special American 
Business Internship Training (SABIT) program (1999, Standards in 
Food Processing and Packaging).  She began her public life as head 
of the Union of Business Women of Kazakhstan in 2002.  Since then, 
she has become a well-known activist for greater accountability, 
transparency and openness in Kazakhstan's business environment.  Ms. 
Solovyeva is a member of the government's Expert Council for Small 
and Medium Enterprise Development and is on the Presidential Council 
of Entrepreneurs.  Ms. Solovyeva speaks Kazakh and Russian, and will 
require English interpretation during the Summit. 
 
J.  Meruert Kazbekova, 48, Kokshetau.  President of the Union of 
Business Women of Kazakhstan.  Widely considered one of the most 
influential women in Kazakhstan, Ms. Kazbekova leads a 
well-developed network of business women's organizations throughout 
Kazakhstan and is a tireless supporter of increased training on 
women's leadership issues.  As a SABIT alumnus (2001, NGO 
development), Ms. Kazbekova applied the knowledge and networks she 
gained to set up a regional non-government organization, the Union 
of Business Women.  Through this network, she was able to teach 200 
business women from remote regions in Kazakhstan on the basics of 
starting and running a successful business.  She also conceived and 
received U.S. Embassy funding for a project to establish a new 
school for women's leadership.  As a result of this project, several 
recent graduates have started their own businesses in the southern 
regions of Kazakhstan, where women have historically been dependent 
on their husbands.  Ms. Kazbekova is an adjunct professor at the 
Academy of State Service, where she delivers lectures on support to 
small businesses.  Ms. Kazbekova speaks Kazakh and Russian, and will 
require English interpretation during the Summit. 
 
K.  Yergali Begimbetov, 37, Almaty.  Chairman of the Management 
Board of the private insurance company London-Almaty since July 
2003.  Previously, he completed an internship at U.S. insurance 
companies Nationwide and Grange Insurance, as well as insurance 
training conducted by Arthur Andersen and Ernst &Young.  After Mr. 
Begimbetov's arrival, London-Almaty placed new emphasis on service 
quality and began to grow rapidly.  In 2004, the company opened 18 
branch offices throughout Kazakhstan and became a leader in the 
domestic insurance market. In 2006, the company received the ISO 
9001 quality certificate and introduced a new management system 
based on the philosophy of Edwards Deming. In 2007, the company's 
website was recognized as one of Kazakhstan's best corporate sites 
by National Business magazine.  Mr. Begimbetov is a member of the 
Association of Financiers of Kazakhstan, the non-governmental 
organization Underwriters Club, based in Khabarovsk, Russia, and a 
member of the UN Global Compact.  London-Almaty sponsored the 2009 
Eurasia International Film Festival, and has helped local disabled 
children receive medical treatment abroad. 
 
L.  Serzhan Zhumashov, 43, Almaty.  Founding Chairman of the 
Supervisory Board of Capital Partners.  After graduating from the 
Almaty
Institute of Economy, Mr. Zhumashov worked in the Auditing 
Department of the Ministry of Finance.  In June 1996, together with 
U.S. investment fund New Century Holding, he founded Capital Real 
Estate, now a market leader in the sale and rental of office space 
in Kazakhstan.  Mr. Zhumashov also established a network of modern 
movie theaters in Kazakhstan, established the successful World Class 
fitness clubs, and, with Russian partners, launched a popular chain 
of restaurants in Kazakhstan, including the American Bar and Grill, 
Patio Pizza, and Planet Sushi.  As founder of Capital Partners, Mr. 
Zhumashov has led a number of world class real estate projects, such 
as the Renaissance (Marriott) hotels in Aktau and Atyrau, the Ritz 
Carlton and five-star Marriott hotels in Almaty, and various 
industrial projects in Moscow.  Mr. Zhumashov has generously 
contributed to a number of social projects, such as the British 
Haileybury school in Almaty, which he founded.  Mr. Zhumashov is an 
avid defender of the entrepreneurial spirit, as he demonstrated in 
 
ASTANA 00002099  005.2 OF 005 
 
 
May, when he signed a letter to President Nazarbayev, expressing 
support for the former President of KazAtomProm, Mukhtar Zhakishev, 
who was arrested on corruption charges in April. 
 
8.  (U) The Embassy's primary contact for the Presidential 
Entrepreneurship Summit is Kevin Covert, Deputy Pol/Econ Chief, who 
may be reached at covertkt@state.gov, or 7 7172 70 24 97. 
 
SPRATLEN

Wikileaks

09ASTANA2098, KAZAKHSTAN: NOMINATION FOR INTERNATIONAL WOMAN OF COURAGE

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Reference ID Created Released Classification Origin
09ASTANA2098 2009-11-30 09:32 2011-08-30 01:44 UNCLASSIFIED Embassy Astana

VZCZCXRO2649
PP RUEHAST
DE RUEHTA #2098 3340932
ZNR UUUUU ZZH
P 300932Z NOV 09
FM AMEMBASSY ASTANA
TO RUEHC/SECSTATE WASHDC PRIORITY 6925
INFO RUEHAST/AMCONSUL ALMATY 2035

UNCLAS ASTANA 002098 
 
SIPDIS 
 
STATE FOR INL/AAE, G/TIP, SCA/CEN 
 
E.O. 12958: N/A 
TAGS: PREL PHUM SMIG SOCI KPAO KTIP KWMN KZ
SUBJECT:  KAZAKHSTAN:  NOMINATION FOR INTERNATIONAL WOMAN OF COURAGE 
2009 
 
REF:  A) STATE 111471 
      B) ASTANA 1206 
 
1.  In response to ref A, Post submits the following nomination for 
the International Woman of Courage award: 
 
NAME: Galina Morozova 
TITLE: President 
ORAGANIZATION: NGO Feminist League 
DATE AND PLACE OF BIRTH: 15-Apr-1949, Russia 
ID NUMBER: 000813104 
LANGUAGES: Russian 
ADDRESS: 107, Lubov Shevtsova Str., Kokshetau, Republic of 
Kazakhstan 
Tel.: +7-7162-262784 
Cell: +7-701-662-1284 
Email: galina_morozova@mail.ru 
 
2.  Galina Morozova is a tireless, compassionate, and effective 
advocate for victims of human trafficking in Kazakhstan.  For the 
past 12 years, Morozova has devoted her life to the protection of 
others.  When she formed her NGO in 1998, Kazakhstan was a Tier 3 
country that did not yet recognize the seriousness of trafficking in 
persons.  At that time, Galina was unable to afford the $200 fee to 
register her NGO.  A grant from a Peace Corps volunteer allowed her 
to realize her dream.  With no support from the government, she 
overcame obstacles and took substantial risks to provide assistance 
and protection to over 60 victims of trafficking in a make-shift 
shelter in her home.  Despite threats to her life from traffickers, 
she refused to stop helping victims, continues to give them shelter, 
and fights for tougher sentences for traffickers.  Recently, a 
trafficker threatened Galina's life in open court when she advocated 
for the victim at the trafficker's sentencing hearing. 
 
3.  After 10 years of determined effort, Galina was able to 
establish a safe, functioning shelter with funding from the Embassy 
of the Government of the Netherlands in 2008.  Her shelter, which 
can house up to 15 victims, is in an unassuming house in the suburbs 
of the northern city of Kokshetau.  It is protected by a high wall, 
locking gates, and video surveillance (septel).  Since 2008, she has 
assisted 40 more victims, many of whom call to thank her or ask for 
advice.  Galina's shelter not only provides immediate medical and 
psychological help, but also vocational training.  Victims can stay 
in the shelter until they are ready to leave.  Galina remembers 
every story and every face, which she collected in a book about 
victims of trafficking.  She then persuaded a local playwright to 
create an anti-trafficking play of these stories.  Hundreds of young 
people have seen that play, which continues to be performed in 
Kazakhstan to rave reviews and standing ovations (ref B). 
 
4.  Galina has cultivated the trust of not only the international 
community, but also government officials.  Galina is a respected 
member of the Trafficking in Persons Commission of Akmolinskaya 
Oblast, which includes all aspects of the local government.  She has 
also developed a strong relationship with other NGOs and relevant 
partners.  The Feminist League is a member of three large 
anti-trafficking NGO networks. 
 
5.  Galina has implemented many U.S.-funded programs to fight 
trafficking both directly and through the NGO networks.  In 2000, 
she received her first grant from the Embassy's Democracy Commission 
to train police officers in Uralsk, Kostanai, and Pavlodar.  This 
year, she received an INL grant to train community police officers 
to identify victims of trafficking in Kokshetau and Astana.  Galina 
operated a hotline and conducted a series of anti-trafficking 
information campaigns under a 2001-2008 USAID grant. 
 
6.  Galina organizes conferences, meetings, and workshops to raise 
awareness of human trafficking in the government and NGO community. 
In addition, she is creating sustained anti-trafficking information 
campaigns for students through the development of school curricula, 
extra-curricular activities, and summer camps for at-risk children. 
 
 
7.  Galina Morozova truly is an international woman of courage and 
deserves a large share of the credit for advancing Kazakhstan's 
efforts to fight every aspect of trafficking.  Her creative public 
awareness campaigns, model shelter to protect victims and unyielding 
efforts to help the authorities find and prosecute traffickers make 
her an inspiration to potential victims, police officers and 
government officials alike.  Despite the risks to her own life, 
Galina has brought justice and security to vulnerable women 
throughout Kazakhstan and saved the lives of many young girls and 
women. 
 
SPRATLEN

Wikileaks

09ASTANA2069, KAZAKHSTAN: METEOROLOGICAL AGENCY WANTS

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Reference ID Created Released Classification Origin
09ASTANA2069 2009-11-20 11:15 2011-08-30 01:44 UNCLASSIFIED Embassy Astana

VZCZCXRO2369
OO RUEHIK
DE RUEHTA #2069 3241115
ZNR UUUUU ZZH
O 201115Z NOV 09 ZDK TO ALL
FM AMEMBASSY ASTANA
TO RUEHC/SECSTATE WASHDC IMMEDIATE 6893
INFO RUCNCIS/CIS COLLECTIVE 2176
RUCNCLS/ALL SOUTH AND CENTRAL ASIA COLLECTIVE
RUEHZL/EUROPEAN POLITICAL COLLECTIVE
RUEHBJ/AMEMBASSY BEIJING 1546
RUEHKO/AMEMBASSY TOKYO 2247
RUEHUL/AMEMBASSY SEOUL 1181
RUCNDT/USMISSION USUN NEW YORK 2595
RUEHNO/USMISSION USNATO 2893
RUEAIIA/CIA WASHDC
RHEFAAA/DIA WASHDC
RHEHNSC/NSC WASHDC 1736
RUEKJCS/SECDEF WASHDC 1591
RUEKJCS/JOINT STAFF WASHDC
RHMFIUU/CDR USCENTCOM MACDILL AFB FL
RUEHVEN/USMISSION USOSCE 2071

UNCLAS ASTANA 002069 
 
SIPDIS 
 
STATE FOR SCA/CEN, L, OES, SCA/EX, DS/IP/SCA, DS/ISI/CI 
STATE OES/MSHENA PASS TO NOAA 
 
E.O. 12958: N/A 
TAGS: PGOV PREL SENV KZ
SUBJECT:  KAZAKHSTAN:  METEOROLOGICAL AGENCY WANTS 
FORMAL COOPERATION WITH NOAA 
 
REF:  A) ASTANA 1504 
  B) ASTANA 2061 
 
1.  Regional Environmental Officer (REO) met with 
First Deputy Director General of the Ministry of 
Environment's Department for Hydro-Meteorological 
Service (KazHydroMet), Kuanysh Bektemirov, on 
November 20 to discuss future cooperation between 
KazKydroMet and the National Oceanic and Atmospheric 
Administration (NOAA).  REO passed several documents 
to Bektemirov, for his information only, 
demonstrating that Mr. Mamilov (reftels) had a 
contract with NOAA to carry out samplings in 
Kazakhstan.  REO also provided a draft copy of a 
Memorandum of Understanding that could serve as the 
basis to negotiate a future cooperation agreement for 
signature by KazHydroMet and NOAA.  REO indicated the 
U.S. desire to put this relationship on a sound 
foundation and stressed the United States' openness 
to suggestions and advice.  REO added that the U.S. 
Embassy would also pass these documents to the 
Ministry of Foreign Affairs. 
 
2.  During the conversation, Bektemirov made a brief 
phone call to confirm that KazHydroMet does not now 
have, nor ever has had, a signed cooperative agreement 
with NOAA.  However, Bektemirov concurred with the 
desirability of such an agreement, saying that 
KazHydroMet always is interested in cooperative 
relationships with international partners.  After 
explaining he will need a few weeks to review the 
documents and the proposed draft agreement, he 
promised to contact REO. 
 
SPRATLEN

Wikileaks

09ASTANA2003, KAZAKHSTAN: EXBS ADVISOR’S REPORTING CABLE (OCTOBER

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Reference ID Created Released Classification Origin
09ASTANA2003 2009-11-12 08:53 2011-08-30 01:44 UNCLASSIFIED Embassy Astana

VZCZCXRO5802
RR RUEHIK
DE RUEHTA #2003/01 3160853
ZNR UUUUU ZZH
R 120853Z NOV 09
FM AMEMBASSY ASTANA
TO RUEHC/SECSTATE WASHDC 6805
INFO RUCNCIS/CIS COLLECTIVE 2137
RUEHZL/EUROPEAN POLITICAL COLLECTIVE
RUCNCLS/ALL SOUTH AND CENTRAL ASIA COLLECTIVE
RUEHKO/AMEMBASSY TOKYO 2208
RUEHBJ/AMEMBASSY BEIJING 1507
RUEHUL/AMEMBASSY SEOUL 1142
RUEAORC/US CUSTOMS AND BORDER PROTECTION WASHINGTON DC
RHMFISS/DEPT OF ENERGY WASHINGTON DC
RUCPDOC/DEPT OF COMMERCE WASHINGTON DC
RULSJGA/COMDT COGARD WASHINGTON DC
RUEKJCS/SECDEF WASHDC 1555
RHEHNSC/NSC WASHDC 1697
RHEFAAA/DIA WASHDC
RUEAIIA/CIA WASHDC
RUEKJCS/JOINT STAFF WASHDC
RHMFIUU/CDR USCENTCOM MACDILL AFB FL

UNCLAS SECTION 01 OF 03 ASTANA 002003 
 
SIPDIS 
 
DEPT FOR SCA/CEN 
DEPT ALSO FOR ISN/ECC JFRIEDMAN, ACHURCH, JHARTSHORN, SROBINSON 
DEPT ALSO FOR ISN/ECC-AMT LSPRINGER, DLYONS 
DEPT ALSO FOR EUR/ACE DFISCHER 
DEPT ALSO FOR SCA/RA JSPILSBURY 
CBP FORINA KCHAISSON AND BPICKETT 
ENERGY FOR NNSA CWALKER, TPERRY, EDESCHLER 
DOC FOR DCREED 
AMEMBASSY BERLIN FOR CUSTOMS ATTACHE 
AMEMBASSY TASHKENT, BISHKEK, BAKU, DUSHANBE AND ASHGABAT FOR EXBS 
ADVISORS 
 
E.O. 12958: N/A 
TAGS: PARM PREL ETTC MNUC KNNP KSTC KZ
SUBJECT:  KAZAKHSTAN:  EXBS ADVISOR'S REPORTING CABLE (OCTOBER 
2009) 
 
ASTANA 00002003  001.2 OF 003 
 
 
I.  BROAD ITEMS OF INTEREST TO ADVISORS AND AGENCY MANAGERS: 
 
NONE 
 
II. COMPLETED ACTIONS FOR THE REPORTING PERIOD: 
 
A.  SITE ASSESSMENTS AND MEETINGS CONDUCTED 
 
1.  October 8, EXBS Advisor had his initial meeting with Border 
Guard leadership.  The Deputy Chairman was unavailable so the 
meeting was chaired by Admiral Kenzhebergen Abikeyev, Commander of 
the Kazakhstan Maritime Border Guards.  Admiral Abikeyev welcomed 
the advisor and thanked him for all the support EXBS has given in 
the past and expressed his hopes for further support in the future. 
He then discussed some of the threats and challenges facing the 
border guards, elaborating on the diverse border conditions and 
threats ranging from narcotics to terrorism.  He briefly discussed 
the border guards' three year plan for strengthening the 
Uzbek/Kazakh border, which involves portable shelters supplied by 
the EXBS program.  Admiral Abikeyev then explained procedures for 
requesting meetings and visits, which requires Diplomatic Notes to 
the Ministry of Foreign Affairs, with the final decision being made 
by the National Security Chairman. (NOTE:  The meeting was very 
short, 20 minutes, and no issues were covered in any depth.  The 
message conveyed was one of "cautious cooperation" under the firm 
guidance of the KNB.  END NOTE.)  Advisor requested border visits to 
the sites on the Uzbek border where portable shelters will be 
deployed. 
 
2.  October 12-13, EXBS Advisor attended the First Preparatory 
Conference for the 18th OSCE Economic and Environmental Forum held 
in Astana.  Although titled "Economic and Environmental," the 
two-day conference mainly dealt with transportation security and 
streamlining customs procedures.  Delegates from over 30 OSCE 
countries attended the conference and discussed topics ranging from 
legal and regulatory procedures to infrastructure improvement.  The 
first day focused on streamlining customs procedures, problems 
within the transportation infrastructure, and simplifying customs 
clearance procedures. Several concepts were introduced ranging from 
literally no control over goods to complex clearance procedures. 
The two main concepts were "one stop shop" where representatives of 
all required agencies are located at the port of entry and "single 
window" where documents are transmitted to a single database which 
is accessible by all agencies for clearance.  Kazakhstan has 
recently introduced one stop shop as their clearance procedure and 
has noted considerable time savings at the ports of entry.  Most 
agreed that customs clearance procedures need to be standardized and 
streamlined; however this process will require changes in legal and 
regulatory frameworks, which can only be achieved by government 
cooperation on the bilateral and multilateral level.  The second day 
focused on trade facilitation, strengthening private-public 
partnerships, modernizing national transit systems, and security at 
border crossing points.  Border security can be strengthened by 
utilizing an integrated border management concept, which requires 
high level government cooperation to ensure interagency cooperation 
as well as cross-border cooperation.  The bottom line is that trust 
must exist between governments, agencies, and the private sector 
before real progress can be made in streamlining trade 
facilitation. 
 
3.  October 14, EXBS Advisor briefed a team from the Government 
Accounting Office (GAO) on the EXBS program.  The team was in Astana 
to evaluate the 1206 program operated by the Office of Military 
 
ASTANA 00002003  002.2 OF 003 
 
 
Cooperation. 
 
4.  October 21, EXBS Advisor attended the International Donor 
Coordination meeting hosted by EU BOMCA.  Representatives from OSCE, 
UNHCR, UNODC, UNDP, BOMCA, and the Embassies of Lithuania, France, 
UK, Czech Republic, and Russian Federation gave updates on ongoing 
projects and briefed on plans for future engagement on border 
security projects. 
 
5.  October 22, Advisor briefed members of CAPSTONE on the EXBS 
program in Kazakhstan and answered questions on border security 
trends and capabilities. 
 
6.  October 26, Advisor met with Mr. Nurlan Zhussupbekov and Mr. 
Turmakhan Orazanbet, export control experts from the Export Control 
and Licensing Department of the Ministry of Industry and Trade. 
They gave advisor a brief overview on the export control and 
licensing systems in Kazakhstan.  We discussed dual use and 
munitions/military use lists, procedures for license application, 
volume of licenses processed, and training provided.  Mr. 
Zhussupbekov briefed advisor that a new procedure has been approved 
and will be adopted before the year's end.  The new procedure will 
provide for a "single window" where all information will come to the 
licensing department for coordination between the required 
ministries.  Currently, the system requires the exporter to 
coordinate letters between the required ministries and submit a 
completed package to the licensing department for licensing 
determination, a process which takes anywhere from 30 days to four 
months.  The new procedure, by regulation, must be completed within 
30 days.  Mr. Zhussupbekov expressed concern that the 30-day time 
limit wasn't enough time to give the process due diligence and fears 
that it will weaken the licensing process. 
 
B. TRAINING COURSES CONDUCTED DURING THE REPORTING PERIOD 
 
None 
C. EQUIPMENT DELIVERED DURING THE REPORTING PERIOD 
 
None 
 
D. IMMINENT TRAINING OR EQUIPMENT STATUS UPDATE 
 
TRAINING: 
 
International Rail Interdiction Training scheduled for November 16 - 
20 in El Paso Texas has been cancelled due to border guard and 
customs inability to fill class slots. 
 
EQUIPMENT: 
 
1.  The Regional Procurement Support Office/Frankfurt (RPSO) 
executed a contract for the procurement of five (5) portable modular 
shelter complexes valued at $1,178,330. 
These shelters are part of the Kazakhstan Green Border Project and 
will be purchased using EXBS and NSOI provided funding.  Delivery of 
the first shelter is scheduled for October 13. 
 
2.  The Regional Procurement Support Office/Frankfurt (RPSO) 
executed a contract for the procurement of five (5) 
X-ray baggage screening systems valued at $620,565 for the 
Kazakhstan Customs Control Committee.  Delivery date pending. 
 
E. SIGNIFICANT DEVELOPMENTS IN EXPORT CONTROLS, NONPROLIFERATION, OR 
 
ASTANA 00002003  003.2 OF 003 
 
 
RELATED BORDER SECURITY 
 
None 
 
F. CASPIAN SECURITY INFORMATION 
 
None 
 
III. RED FLAG ISSUES: 
 
None 
 
HOAGLAND

Wikileaks

09ASTANA1985, KAZAKHSTAN: TRAFFICKING AWARENESS CAMPAIGN COMPLETED

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Reference ID Created Released Classification Origin
09ASTANA1985 2009-11-10 10:29 2011-08-30 01:44 UNCLASSIFIED Embassy Astana

VZCZCXRO4286
PP RUEHIK
DE RUEHTA #1985/01 3141029
ZNR UUUUU ZZH
P 101029Z NOV 09
FM AMEMBASSY ASTANA
TO RUEHC/SECSTATE WASHDC PRIORITY 6783
INFO RUCNCIS/CIS COLLECTIVE 2130
RUCNCLS/ALL SOUTH AND CENTRAL ASIA COLLECTIVE
RUEHZL/EUROPEAN POLITICAL COLLECTIVE
RUEHBJ/AMEMBASSY BEIJING 1500
RUEHKO/AMEMBASSY TOKYO 2201
RUEHUL/AMEMBASSY SEOUL 1135
RUEAIIA/CIA WASHDC
RHEFAAA/DIA WASHDC
RHEHNSC/NSC WASHDC 1690
RUEKJCS/SECDEF WASHDC 1548
RUEKJCS/JOINT STAFF WASHDC
RHMFIUU/CDR USCENTCOM MACDILL AFB FL
RUEHAST/USOFFICE ALMATY 1995
RUEAWJL/DEPT OF JUSTICE WASHINGTON DC
RHMFIUU/DEPT OF HOMELAND SECURITY WASHINGTON DC 0040

UNCLAS SECTION 01 OF 03 ASTANA 001985 
 
SIPDIS 
 
STATE FOR INL/AAE, G/TIP, SCA/CEN 
 
E.O. 12958: N/A 
TAGS: PGOV ELAB EAID SMIG SOCI KTIP KCRM KWKN KZ
SUBJECT:  KAZAKHSTAN:  TRAFFICKING AWARENESS CAMPAIGN COMPLETED 
 
ASTANA 00001985  001.3 OF 003 
 
 
1. SUMMARY: INL's anti-trafficking information campaign, including 
10 performances of the play "Night Stars," a roundtable, and press 
conference, received unanimously positive responses.  "Night Stars," 
based on true-life stories of former victims of trafficking, was 
performed in Astana by the Kokshetau Russian Drama Theater group. 
At the beginning of each performance informational flyers were 
distributed and anti-trafficking posters designed by children were 
exhibited.  A press conference marked the opening of the campaign, 
and a roundtable with government agencies closed it.  END SUMMARY. 
 
2.  The INL-sponsored information campaign aimed to warn students 
about the dangers of human trafficking and teach them ways to avoid 
victimization when seeking jobs abroad.  The Feminist League NGO and 
the Kokshetau Russian Drama Theater, in close cooperation with the 
Ministries of Justice (MOJ), Internal Affairs (MVD), and Education 
(MOE) implemented the program. 
 
3.  Galina Morozova, President of the Feminist League NGO, has been 
working with victims of trafficking on a daily basis for over 10 
years and runs a victims' shelter in the northern, agricultural city 
of Kokshetau.  Before establishment of a shelter in Kokshetau, 
Morozova aided victims in her home, which inspired a book based on 
their stories.  Looking to reach a wider audience, she approached 
the Russian Drama Theater in Kokshetau with a proposal to adapt her 
book for the stage. 
 
4.  Due to a personal tragedy, Valeryi Tarasov, Director of the 
Russian Drama Theater, readily agreed to help.  His brother, 
sister-in-law, and their son disappeared 13 years ago.  The child 
was later found in Moscow being forced to beg, and the parents were 
never found.  Orenbai Zhanaidarov's adaption of the book has been 
performed 48 times in Kokshetau. 
 
NIGHT STARS 
 
5.  "Night Stars" follows the lives of five young girls whose 
pursuit of their dreams of a better life abroad leads them to a 
brothel in an unnamed country that bears a striking resemblance to 
Turkey.  Each girl tells the story of being promised a great career 
(e.g. dancer, singer, or model) but ending up trafficked and having 
her life descended into horror and degradation.  After every girl 
tells her tale, the lead character is attacked by a pimp, kills him, 
flees to a Russian Orthodox church, and is reunited with her mother. 
 Each story effectively demonstrates the stages of trafficking, such 
as recruitment, transportation, seizure of documents, and 
exploitation.  The play also effectively focuses on traffickers' 
promises of a better life and their manipulation to attract young 
woman. 
 
THE INFORMATION CAMPAIGN 
 
6.  On September 14, a press conference with the DCM, Vice-Minister 
of Justice Dulat Kustavletov, Chairman of the Ministry of 
Education's Committee on Protection of Children's Rights Zhumazhan 
Zhukenov, Chief of the Ministry of Interior's Department to Combat 
Organized Crime Armanbek Baimurzin, and Morozova launched the 
project at the Zhastar Palace of Youth in Astana.  Representatives 
of the Supreme Court and Prosecutor General's Office attended the 
press conference and play.  Following the press conference, the DCM 
and Vice-Minister presented certificates of appreciation to 18 
children who drew the informational posters on display during every 
performance of the play. 
 
7.  Morozova introduced each of the 10 performances during the 
five-day project with a short lecture about human trafficking.  DVDs 
of the play and specially-designed informational materials were also 
distributed.  The materials describe the risks of trafficking, 
traffickers' recruitment methods, and detailed instructions for 
those seeking employment outside of their native city or country. 
They also provide contact information for anti-trafficking 
organizations in Kazakhstan.  Approximately 9,000 information 
booklets were distributed to schools and orphanages in Astana and 
the surrounding region. 
 
THE ROUNDTABLE 
 
ASTANA 00001985  002.3 OF 003 
 
 
 
8.  On September 18, Morozova concluded the project by conducting a 
roundtable with representatives of the Ministries of Justice, 
Interior, and Education, teachers from schools and juvenile justice 
c
enters, OSCE, and IOM.  It summarized the results of the 
information campaign and strengthened dialogue between government 
agencies, international organizations, and those that work with 
children.  The Ministry of Justice reported that the 2009-2011 
government plan to combat trafficking in persons had come into 
force.  Representatives also said the government granted a local NGO 
eight million tenge ($53,333) to support a recently-opened victims' 
shelter in Astana through 2011. 
 
9.  The Astana Department of Interior (DVD) mentioned an increase in 
human trafficking cases. In 2006, there were seven cases of 
trafficking, 14 in 2007, 16 in 2008, and already 16 in 2009.  The 
DVD also noted a growth in the withdrawal of complaints of 
trafficking for purposes of sexual exploitation involving teen-aged 
girls, because of their fear of publicity or bribes by pimps.  The 
Ministry of Interior cited nationwide statistics for the first nine 
months of 2009, during which police initiated 18 cases of 
trafficking in persons, 14 cases of trafficking in minors, five 
cases of kidnapping for the purpose of exploitation, seven cases of 
deprivation of freedom for the purpose of exploitation, and eight 
cases of forced prostitution.  There were also 162 cases of pimping 
and maintaining brothels. 
 
10.  Morozova mentioned the eight victims of trafficking, including 
a 14- and 16-year old, in her shelter.  The latter had a 
two-month-old baby to which she had given birth while being held by 
traffickers.  Morozova noted traffickers' recent efforts to require 
trafficked women to settle their debts by recruiting new woman.  Not 
only does this strategy increase the number of girls, but it makes 
victims into participants in the criminal enterprise. 
 
11.  During his presentation, the IOM Chief of Mission presented the 
human trafficking book "Ainura's Dream," published by IOM 
Kyrgyzstan.  IOM has proposed printing and distributing this book, 
which the Kyrgyz Ministry of Education is using in the high school 
curriculum, in Kazakhstan. 
 
12.  Participants agreed that civil society must develop an 
infrastructure to protect children.  During the closing of the 
roundtable, participants recommended that 
 
- Public information campaigns be used to promote the protection of 
children; 
 
- Systematic training be put in place for teachers, health care 
workers, law enforcement agencies and others who work with 
children; 
 
- Reintegration of victims be stressed; 
 
- Mass media be encouraged to protect the rights of children when 
reporting cases; 
 
- Classes be conducted for children to warn them about risks of 
trafficking; 
 
- Legislation be changed to increase parent responsibility. 
 
"NIGHT STARS" FEEDBACK 
 
13.  INL has received overwhelmingly positive reaction to the "Night 
Stars" performances.  The President's ruling party Nur Otan, the 
Ministry of Interior, and the Head of the Kazakhstan Law School -- 
one of the most respected legal experts in the country -- have 
called to express appreciation for the project.  More importantly, 
INL has received many letters from teachers, students, and school 
directors: 
 
- Director of School #31:  "The play 'Night Stars' was attended by 
eighth-grade students of our school together with their class 
teachers.  Common opinion of all teachers and students who watched 
 
ASTANA 00001985  003.3 OF 003 
 
 
the performance is that the topic is very actual.  The play is very 
informative and educational.  Music, good acting made it very 
interesting for this age group." 
 
- Teachers of School #20:  "We liked the play. It is realistic and 
truthful.  It shows different stories of different girls.  We are 
able to read the schemes of recruitment in the vignettes given in 
the play -- how girls were recruited, moved, taken their passports, 
sold to different people, and subjected to violence.  We understand 
how people get into trafficking.  We thank everyone who participated 
in organization of this information campaign." 
 
- Diana age 15:  "This play made me think about the child-parent 
relationship.  We need to be careful with what we are doing in our 
lives and appreciate the care and love of our parents.  I feel so 
sorry for the girls who got into hands of traffickers and ruined 
their lives.  I am grateful for the play and I will be very 
careful." 
 
- Marina, Sonya, and Aliya age 16:  "I liked the play 'Night Stars' 
very much.  I liked both the plotline and actors' good performance. 
It's a very hot and realistic topic.  Girls are looking for better 
life, thinking that they can find it in other country, and what 
happens?  They are deceived, humiliated, crushed...  We need to be 
careful, listen to our parents and be self-critical." 
 
- Shynar, age 14:  "Recently, I together with my classmates went to 
the theatre to watch the 'Night Stars' play about human trafficking. 
 After I watched the play, I realized how lucky I am to actually 
have a chance to watch it and learn about trafficking.  It is an 
ideal play with professional actors.  I liked the script and the 
actors!  They played with great level of proficiency, very 
true-like.  I could not take my eyes off the scene.  The topic is 
very actual and is widely known.  I would like to thank everyone who 
took part in creation of this play.  What I seen and learnt will 
help me and my friends to avoid mistakes and easy ways of employment 
at the beginning of our carriers.  Thank you!" 
 
HOAGLAND

Wikileaks

09ASTANA1977, KAZAKHSTAN: MEDIA REPORTS ON HUMAN TRAFFICKING CASES

WikiLeaks Link

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If you find meaningful or important information in a cable, please link directly to its unique reference number. Linking to a specific paragraph in the body of a cable is also possible by copying the appropriate link (to be found at theparagraph symbol).Please mark messages for social networking services like Twitter with the hash tags #cablegate and a hash containing the reference ID e.g. #09ASTANA1977.
Reference ID Created Released Classification Origin
09ASTANA1977 2009-11-06 09:34 2011-08-30 01:44 UNCLASSIFIED Embassy Astana

VZCZCXRO1057
PP RUEHIK
DE RUEHTA #1977/01 3100934
ZNR UUUUU ZZH
P 060934Z NOV 09
FM AMEMBASSY ASTANA
TO RUEHC/SECSTATE WASHDC PRIORITY 6769
INFO RUCNCIS/CIS COLLECTIVE 2120
RUCNCLS/ALL SOUTH AND CENTRAL ASIA COLLECTIVE
RUEHZL/EUROPEAN POLITICAL COLLECTIVE
RUEHBJ/AMEMBASSY BEIJING 1490
RUEHKO/AMEMBASSY TOKYO 2191
RUEHUL/AMEMBASSY SEOUL 1125
RUEAIIA/CIA WASHDC
RHEFAAA/DIA WASHDC
RHEHNSC/NSC WASHDC 1680
RUEKJCS/SECDEF WASHDC 1538
RUEKJCS/JOINT STAFF WASHDC
RHMFIUU/CDR USCENTCOM MACDILL AFB FL
RUEHAST/USOFFICE ALMATY 1988
RUEAWJL/DEPT OF JUSTICE WASHINGTON DC
RHMCSUU/FBI WASHINGTON DC
RHMFIUU/DEPT OF HOMELAND SECURITY WASHINGTON DC 0036

UNCLAS SECTION 01 OF 04 ASTANA 001977 
 
SIPDIS 
 
STATE FOR INL/AAE, G/TIP, SCA/CEN 
 
E.O. 12958: N/A 
TAGS: PGOV ELAB SMIG SOCI KCRM KTIP UZ KZ
SUBJECT:  KAZAKHSTAN:  MEDIA REPORTS ON HUMAN TRAFFICKING CASES 
 
REF: A) Astana 0368; 
 B) Astana 0165; 
 C) Astana 1206 
 
ASTANA 00001977  001.3 OF 004 
 
 
1.  The following is a summary of local media reports of human 
trafficking cases in Kazakhstan February-April 2009.  Septel will 
summarize media May-July 2009. 
 
TRAFFICKING IN CHILDREN 
 
2.  February 2, Interfax; February 3, "Liter," February 5 Novosti, 
February 6 "Kazpravda":  A 28-year-old Russian man was arrested in 
Akmola Oblast for attempting to sell a baby.  Alexei Krukovskyi, who 
had come to Szhuchinsk looking for work in March 2007, met a single 
mother and attempted to sell her one-and-a-half-year-old daughter to 
fund his return to Russia.  He took the child to the Baiterek Hotel, 
where he was arrested for trying to sell the child to undercover 
police officers for $1,300. 
 
3.  February 16, "Megapolis":  An additional case may be opened 
against Zhanibek Kushaliyev, former Chief of Medicine at the Atyrau 
Oblast Hospital, who was arrested in January for attempting to sell 
a newborn infant for $1,900 (REF A).  On January 23, a woman 
reported to police that Kushkaliyev sold her a baby girl for $2,000 
in May 2007.  The Prosecutor General has ordered the creation of an 
investigation group headed by the Atyrau prosecutor and including 
the Atyrau Department of Interior and Financial Police. 
 
4.  March 5, Interfax:  Two women in Zhanaozen, Mangystau Oblast, 
were convicted of trafficking in infants and sentenced to five years 
in prison.  In February 2008, a 26-year-old Uzbek woman sold her 
newborn baby to one of the women for $300 and signed a letter giving 
up her parental rights. 
 
PROSECUTOR SEEKS DISMISSAL OF JUDGE IN TIP CASE 
 
5.  February 2, Interfax:  A disciplinary commission on judicial 
ethics in Karaganda initiated a disciplinary case against a judge in 
the Abai Region.  The oblast prosecutor has sought the dismissal of 
the judge who, in July 2008, handed down a three-year suspended 
sentence to the owner of a farm convicted of exploiting a 
42-year-old.  In November 2008, the oblast-level court sentenced the 
trafficker to 10 years in prison (Ref B). 
 
POLICE ANTI-TRAFFICKING OPERATION 
 
6.  During Operation "Stop Trafficking" March 10-20, police checked 
night clubs, saunas, hotels, and tourist and employment agencies for 
evidence of human trafficking, rescuing victims and arresting 
traffickers and pimps.  The following newspaper articles reported 
the results of the operation.  (NOTE:  INL sponsored an 
NGO-implemented information campaign in conjunction with the 
operation, during which information brochures were disseminated, and 
high-risk groups, including train passengers, were informed about 
the dangers of trafficking.  Ref C reports on this campaign.  END 
NOTE.) 
 
7.  March 21, "Kazinfor":  During Operation "Stop Trafficking," 
officers from the Pavlodar Department of Interior (DVD) checked 
saunas, hotels, and restaurants in Pavlodar, Ekibastus, and Aksu for 
evidence of prostitution, pimping, and human trafficking.  The 
Pavlodar DVD arrested seven pimps and registered 89 prostitutes 
during last year's operation.  Arrests have been made in two pimping 
cases investigated this year in the Pavlodar Oblast.  In one case, a 
woman provided an under-aged girl for sexual exploitation in hotels. 
 
 
8.  March 20, "Izvestiya Kazakhstan":  One case of labor 
exploitation and four cases of pimping were uncovered in Kostanai 
during Operation "Stop Trafficking."  A businessman forced a 
42-year-old man to work in his marble workshop for three months 
without pay and under threat of violence. 
 
9.  March 17, "Kazinfor"; March 20, "Izvestiya Kazakhstan": 
 
ASTANA 00001977  002.3 OF 004 
 
 
Nurbahyt Nabiyev, the Deputy Chief of the Organized Crime Division 
of the Almaty DVD, reported that police uncovered two cases of 
forced prostitution during a one-week operation (see paragraphs 
15-16).   Nabiyev stated that such operations are important not only 
for the investigation of cases of forced labor and forced 
prostitution, but also allow police to register prostitutes working 
voluntarily.  Though prostitution is not illegal in Kazakhstan, all 
prostitutes discovered during police raids are registered and 
checked in police databases.  Prostitutes are also r
equired to have 
regular medical screening and HIV tests.  Nabiyev also declared that 
increased sentences for those found guilty of pimping is beginning 
to scare people out of the business. 
 
10.  March 13, Transport police in the Western DVD uncovered one 
case during Operation "Stop Trafficking."  A 48-year-old from 
Uzbekistan trafficked was trafficked to Kazakhstan with the promise 
of a high-paying job.  Traffickers moved him and his two children 
via rail to Mangystau Oblast and on to a village in the Atyrau 
Oblast, where a woman sold them for $100.  A criminal case was 
opened. 
 
NGO REPORTING 
 
11.  April 10, Zakon.kz:  The following stories were reported by a 
local NGO. 
 
--A resident of an apartment building in Almaty reported to police 
that small children were in the public areas of the building.  The 
police found that the owner had hired a woman to clean the building, 
but all cleaning services were being performed by 10-13 year old 
children, who were not attending school.  The children refused to 
tell police who hired them and if they were being paid.  The woman 
originally hired could not be located. 
 
--After a woman in the Almaty Oblast contacted police about her 
missing daughter, the police found the girl in a brothel with five 
other girls, ranging in age from 13 to 17 years old.  All girls had 
signs of physical abuse and said that they had been kept in the 
brothel against their will for more than six months. 
 
--The NGO's call center received a call from a teenage girl who 
reported that she had been raped by a man who "bought" her for $100. 
 When the man was arrested, he claimed that he thought the girl was 
a prostitute and did not know that she was a teenager. 
 
SEXUAL EXPLOTATION 
 
12.  February 10, "Liter":  A 55-year-old in Atyrau, who advertised 
himself as a clairvoyant bio-therapist and locally renowned for his 
abilities to counteract the evil eye, cure alcoholism, and set 
broken bones, was arrested for pimping following an undercover 
police operation.  The man reportedly maintained a brothel and had 
been pimping since January. 
 
13.  February 16, "Megapolis":  Two 20-year-old former prostitutes 
were arrested in a Kyzylorda train station for attempting to traffic 
to two undercover police officers to Astana.  The women were 
reported to police by another woman who was offered $800 for each 
young attractive woman she could bring to the two.  The recruiters 
allegedly had an agreement with pimps in Astana to supply them with 
new prostitutes from the regions. 
 
14.  March 10, Interfax:  Police found four Uzbek women working as 
prostitutes in a sauna and arrested the pimp as he received $100. 
Police reported that last year they arrested 24 pimps and filed 
charges against 20 pimps. 
 
15.  March 17, Interfax:  Police arrested a 29-year-old madam and 
held 24 young women, including three Uzbek nationals, who were 
working as prostitutes.  The prostitutes lived in a three-room 
apartment in Almaty that operated as a brothel for approximately 
three months.  During the investigation, police found that some of 
the girls were trafficked to Almaty with promises of good jobs. 
When they arrived in Almaty, their passports were taken, and they 
 
ASTANA 00001977  003.3 OF 004 
 
 
were forced to work for very little pay.  The women were living in 
squalid conditions and received only enough money for food.  Police 
said that 15 of the women did not have documentation and were held. 
The detained Uzbek citizens were deported. 
 
16.  March 17, Interfax:  Almaty police rescued a 19-year-old Kyrgyz 
women who was sexually exploited for more than two months.  After 
being promised a good job, she was trafficked to Almaty, her 
passport was taken away, and she was forced to prostitute herself. 
The woman had been beaten and received medical aid after her rescue. 
 A 40-year-old female citizen of the Turksib Rayon of Almaty was 
arrested. 
 
17.  March 27, Azattyk Radio:  Police officers in Taldykorgan began 
investigating trafficking to China for purposes of sexual 
exploitation after receiving reports from parents.  A local 
businesswoman, Saule Zhaksygeldinova, had allegedly been recruiting 
local students to study at Chinese universities, but was reportedly 
selling them to work as prostitutes.   The police repatriated 16 
students back to Kazakhstan for questioning.  No information has 
been confirmed. 
 
18.  April 28, Interfax, April 29, Zakon.kz:  A 49-year old woman 
was arrested in Turkestan (South Kazakhstan Oblast) during a special 
police operation.  Police found a 19-year-old woman from Shymkent 
and a 16-year-old orphan from the Sozakskyi Rayon of the South 
Kazakhstan Oblast in the woman's apartment.  Police determined that 
the women were kidnapped from Shymkent and sold in Turkestan for 
$350 and $700.  The women were kept locked in the apartment and 
could only leave when forced to prostitute themselves in local 
saunas until one was able to escape.  The 19-year-old told police 
that she met a young man in Shymkent who invited her to the caf and 
then to the park for a walk.  When she got into his car, the young 
man took her to Turkestan and sold her.  The other girl came to 
Shymkent for work.  When she arrived, a young man used the same 
scheme to kidnap her.  The woman operating the ring explained that 
she, a mother of five children and two grandchildren, was only in 
the business because she needed to feed her family. 
 
LABOR EXPLOTATION 
 
19.  February 5, "Vremya":  Three Uzbek citizens, a father and his 
two sons, were sold for $200 and forced to work on a farm for more 
than 18 months in Atyrau.  The father and his eldest son escaped 
from the farm and asked transport police officers at Kulsary train 
station for help.  The police rescued the youngest son and initiated 
a criminal case against the owner of the farm. 
 
20.  February 23, Interfax, Aikyn:  A 35-year-old man was arrested 
in Aktobe for selling a homeless man and woman for approximately $50 
each.  Both victims worked under threat of physical violence.  The 
trafficker was arrested after a local woman reported the 
exploitation to police.  The Aktubinskaya DVD has received other 
reports of homeless people being sold and are investigating whether 
the same man was involved in other cases. 
21.  April 8 Interfax, April 20 Zakon.kz:  Police officers have 
freed 25 Afghans who were forced to live and work in a mill in 
Karaganda.  The Afghans reported to the police that they were lured 
to Kazakhstan with the promise of well-paid jobs.  However, they had 
not been paid and police found a sack of dead pigeons, which the 
workers had been eating.  Because the Afghans refused to file a 
complaint, the owner will not likely be charged with trafficking, 
but
 merely fined for using illegal laborers. 
 
DEPORTATION OF ILLEGAL MIGRANTS 
 
22.  February 18 Interfax:  Migration police officers and the city 
prosecutor's office conducted a four-day operation at markets 
throughout Astana.  Of the 1,715 foreign citizens found in the 
markets, police found that 173 were in the country illegally. 
According to the migration police, the construction crisis has 
forced many illegal workers to the markets.  Local employers are 
also bearing responsibility -- two citizens of Kazakhstan were fined 
for hiring illegal workers. 
 
ASTANA 00001977  004.3 OF 004 
 
 
 
23.  February 18 "Express-K":  Seven foreigner workers from Agip 
were detained in Atyrau.  The workers, two from Great Britain, two 
from India, one from the Philippines, one from Algeria, and one from 
Uzbekistan, were working on a construction project in Karabatan. 
Police found that all seven were in the country on visitor visas and 
were deported. 
 
24. February 12, Interfax:  In Aktobe, 32 Chinese citizens working 
"for Sinoil" were detained.  25 had come to Kazakhstan with business 
visas and did not have permission to work.  Administrative cases 
were filed against the 25 without proper visas and against the seven 
others for violations of registration requirements.  Since the 
beginning of the year, 939 foreign citizens, mostly from Central 
Asia, have been charged with violations of registration and/or 
residency requirements. 
 
HOAGLAND

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09ASTANA1954, KAZAKHSTAN: MFA APPROVES STATUS CHANGE TO CONSULATE

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Reference ID Created Released Classification Origin
09ASTANA1954 2009-11-03 07:20 2011-08-30 01:44 UNCLASSIFIED Embassy Astana

VZCZCXRO6972
OO RUEHAST RUEHBI RUEHCI RUEHDBU RUEHLH RUEHLN RUEHNEH RUEHPW RUEHSK
RUEHVK RUEHYG
DE RUEHTA #1954 3070720
ZNR UUUUU ZZH
O 030720Z NOV 09
FM AMEMBASSY ASTANA
TO RUEHC/SECSTATE WASHDC IMMEDIATE 6751
INFO RUCNCIS/CIS COLLECTIVE 2110
RUCNCLS/ALL SOUTH AND CENTRAL ASIA COLLECTIVE
RUEAIIA/CIA WASHDC
RHEFAAA/DIA WASHDC
RHEHNSC/NSC WASHDC 1670
RUEKJCS/SECDEF WASHDC 1529
RUEKJCS/JOINT STAFF WASHDC
RHMFIUU/CDR USCENTCOM MACDILL AFB FL

UNCLAS ASTANA 001954 
 
SIPDIS 
 
STATE FOR SCA/EX, SCA/CEN 
 
E.O. 12958: N/A 
TAGS: PREL ODIP AFIN AMGT ASEC ABUD ABLD KZ
SUBJECT:  KAZAKHSTAN:  MFA APPROVES STATUS CHANGE TO CONSULATE 
GENERAL ALMATY 
 
1.  On November 3, Embassy Astana received a diplomatic note from 
the Ministry of Foreign Affairs confirming that the government of 
Kazakhstan does not object to the United States designating Embassy 
Branch Office Almaty as Consulate General Almaty.  Post seeks 
Department approval to announce this change in public and to begin 
referring to "Consulate General Almaty" in all official work and 
communication.  We will assume approval by close of business on 
Friday, November 6, unless we hear otherwise.  An unofficial 
translation of incoming diplomatic note follows. 
 
2.  BEGIN TEXT: 
 
In response to the Embassy's note No. 0803/09 of Sept. 25, 2009, MFA 
informs the Embassy that it has no objections against changing the 
status of the Embassy's presence in Almaty from an Embassy Branch 
Office to that of a Consulate General with its consular district of 
the provinces of South Kazakhstan, Kyzylorda, Zhambyl and Almaty. 
 
END TEXT. 
 
HOAGLAND

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09ASTANA1953, FIRST INTERNATIONAL ARAL SEA 2009 CONFERENCE

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Reference ID Created Released Classification Origin
09ASTANA1953 2009-11-03 06:45 2011-08-30 01:44 UNCLASSIFIED Embassy Astana

VZCZCXRO6939
OO RUEHIK
DE RUEHTA #1953/01 3070645
ZNR UUUUU ZZH
O 030645Z NOV 09
FM AMEMBASSY ASTANA
TO RUEHC/SECSTATE WASHDC IMMEDIATE 6747
INFO RUCNCIS/CIS COLLECTIVE 2106
RUCNCLS/ALL SOUTH AND CENTRAL ASIA COLLECTIVE
RUEHZL/EUROPEAN POLITICAL COLLECTIVE
RUEHMO/AMEMBASSY MOSCOW 1600
RUEHBJ/AMEMBASSY BEIJING 1477
RUEHKO/AMEMBASSY TOKYO 2178
RUEHUL/AMEMBASSY SEOUL 1112
RUCPDOC/DEPT OF COMMERCE WASHINGTON DC
RUEAIIA/CIA WASHDC
RHEFAAA/DIA WASHDC
RHEHNSC/NSC WASHDC 1666
RUEKJCS/SECDEF WASHDC 1525
RUEKJCS/JOINT STAFF WASHDC
RHMFIUU/CDR USCENTCOM MACDILL AFB FL
RHMFISS/CDR USTRANSCOM SCOTT AFB IL
RUEHAST/USOFFICE ALMATY 1973

UNCLAS SECTION 01 OF 04 ASTANA 001953 
 
SIPDIS 
 
STATE FOR SCA/CEN, OES/PCI 
 
E.O. 12958: N/A 
TAGS: ECON SENV KZ
SUBJECT:  FIRST INTERNATIONAL ARAL SEA 2009 CONFERENCE 
 
ASTANA 00001953  001.3 OF 004 
 
 
1.  SUMMARY:  The Russian Academy of Sciences in St. Petersburg 
hosted the First International 2009 Aral Sea Conference on October 
11-15, with the participation of leading scientists from Russia, 
Central Asia, Europe, Israel, and the United States.  Zoological 
Institute Director Pugachev said the current desiccation appears to 
be a natural process that has been accelerated by intense 
irrigation.  Revival of the Aral Sea is highly unlikely without 
regional agreements on the social, economic, and political problems 
in the region.  The International Fund for Saving the Aral Sea, 
Karlikhanov, predicted the eastern portion of the large (southern) 
Aral Sea will completely disappear in 2010.  Less than 10% of river 
waters eventually flow into the Aral Sea.  If the existing 
"non-rational" use of water continues, Central Asia will face a 
severe water deficit beginning in 2020.  Restoration of the northern 
Aral Sea is the only positive development.  Eurasian Development 
Bank Sarsembekov said the Aral Sea is an ecological catastrophe, and 
Central Asia now faces the resulting political consequences. 
Competition for water resources will increase, and the Aral Sea's 
future depends on development of a joint resource management 
program.  Western Michigan University Professor and renowned Aral 
Sea expert Micklin said increasing irrigation far beyond the "level 
of sustainability" primarily caused the Aral Sea's modern recession, 
the most serious in the past several thousand years.  It is 
extremely unlikely that the Aral Sea will ever return to its size in 
1960.  The partial restoration of the northern Aral Sea is a 
success, but it needs to be continued before one can say it has been 
fully restored.  It is theoretically possible to restore the western 
Aral Sea, but much more study and investigation is needed to 
determine its worth.  Zoological Institute and noted Aral Sea expert 
Aladin said the Ministry of Water Resources of the Soviet Union 
"killed" the Aral Sea.  The Conference issued the St. Petersburg 
"Declaration on The Aral Sea," summarized in the cable.  END 
SUMMARY. 
 
REGIONAL AGREEMENTS NEEDED, BUT TIME IS SHORT 
 
2.  The Russian Academy of Sciences in St. Petersburg hosted the 
First International 2009 Aral Sea Conference on October 11-15, with 
the participation of leading scientists from Russia, Central Asia, 
Europe, Israel, and the United States.  Zoological Institute of the 
Russian Academy of Sciences Director Oleg Pugachev opened the 
Conference with a general overview of the Aral Sea's past recessions 
and revivals.  He said the current desiccation appears to be a 
natural process accelerated by intense irrigation.  (NOTE:  The 
common word for agricultural activity throughout the conference was 
"irrigation," which this drafter will subsequently use.  END NOTE.) 
He believed the Aral Sea could revive again if one only considered 
purely natural factors.  However, this return is highly unlikely 
without regional agreements on the social, economic, and political 
problems in the region.  Unfortunately, it will be almost impossible 
to reach such agreements, or the process will be too slow, to permit 
the eventual restoration of the Aral Sea to its pre-1960 level. 
 
SEVERE WATER DEFICIT IN 2020 
 
3.  The International Fund for Saving the Aral Sea Executive 
Committee Member Torekhan Karlikhanov said the Aral Sea has rapidly 
desiccated in the past 40 years.  If this trend continues, the 
eastern portion of the large (southern) Aral Sea, which is already 
almost gone, will completely disappear in 2010. He added that an 
incomplete water resource management system, environmental pollution 
and loss of biodiversity, the absence of a regional program to adopt 
measures to ameliorate climate change, the inability to address and 
"solve" various social problems such as outward migration and 
unemployment, the lack of adequate drinking water and sanitation, 
and high salinity in the dust that hangs over the region affect the 
Aral Sea.  Karlikhanov said 91% of all water from the Amur- and 
Syr-Darya rivers is used for various purposes, such as irrigation, 
urban use, and hydro-electric power generation, and less than 10% of 
the river waters eventually flow into the Aral Sea.  Overall, 
agricultural productivity per cubic meter volume of water used is 
decreasing due to the "non-rational" use of water.  If this 
continues, he warned, Central Asia will face a severe water deficit 
beginning in 2020, as per capita water resources decline.  Central 
 
ASTANA 00001953  002.3 OF 004 
 
 
Asia's biggest problem currently is coordination of energy 
generation in the winter and water release for irrigation in the 
spring and summer. 
 
NORTH ARAL SEA RESTORATION
IS THE SINGLE POSITIVE DEVELOPMENT 
 
4.  Karimhanov said that Kazakhstan, with World Bank assistance, 
undertook to restore the northern Aral Sea, and completed the first 
stage of the project in 2005.  A 13 kilometer long dam that 
separates the small (northern) Aral Sea from the large (southern) 
Aral Sea resulted.  The water level then increased from 30 meters 
above sea level to 42 meters, and the sea, once more than 100 
kilometers away from the former port city of Aralsk, is now only 23 
kilometers away.  The second phase, not yet implemented, will raise 
the water level higher and let the sea return to its original banks. 
 Fish stocks are thriving and fishermen are now returning to work. 
 
THE ARAL SEA IS AN ECOLOGICAL CATASTROPHE 
 
5.  Eurasian Development Bank Representative Tulegen Sarsembekov 
said there are now more than one million cubic kilometers of desert 
in Central Asia, and although only 5% of the land is considered 
"oasis"-like, it contains most of the heavily populated zones.  The 
Aral Sea, once the world's fourth largest inland body of water, has 
been steadily shrinking since the 1960s.  During the Soviet era, the 
government planned to divert water from Russia to Central Asia, but 
Gorbachev "killed" this plan in 1986.  Sarsembekov said arable lands 
have increased dramatically, and population centers have grown 
considerably in the region, including industry.  As a result, the 
existing water cannot adequately supply the needs.  (NOTE:  One 
participant interrupted and insisted that the problem is not an 
increase in population but poor agriculture planning and an increase 
in irrigation and power generation.  END NOTE.)  According to 
Sarsembekov, the Aral Sea is an ecological catastrophe, of which 
Central Asia now faces the political consequences.  Competition for 
water resources will increase, in part due to the failure to regard 
the Aral Sea zone as a complete zone, and in part due to the fact 
that countries have tended to solve their problems independently. 
He said the future of the Aral Sea depends on the ability of all 
countries in the region to develop a joint resource management 
program that gives adequate water resources to all.  A charter of 
cooperative partnership must be drafted so that all benefit from 
resources. 
 
CURRENT DESICCATION WORST IN SEVERAL THOUSAND YEARS 
 
6.  Western Michigan University Professor and renowned Aral Sea 
expert Philip Micklin rhetorically asked whether the Aral Sea has a 
future.  He noted that the Aral Sea had desiccated and refilled 
several times during the past 10,000 years, with the changing course 
of the Amu- and Syr-Darya rivers as the major cause.  However, since 
the 1960s, the water level has dropped primarily due to an increase 
in water use for irrigation far beyond the "level of 
sustainability."  Micklin said the modern recession of the Aral Sea 
is the most serious in the past several thousand years.  If it 
continues at its current pace, it will be the worst in the past ten 
million years.  It is extremely unlikely that the Aral Sea will ever 
return to its 1960 size.  He noted the success of the partial 
restoration of the northern Aral Sea, but it must continue before 
one can call it fully restored.  The partial restoration of the 
north Aral Sea cost at least $84 million, but the investment appears 
worthwhile.  While scientists should continue to investigate the 
northern Aral Sea's partial restoration, he said, preservation of 
the eastern Aral Sea appears hopeless, because it has practically 
disappeared. 
 
7.  According to Micklin, it is very important to preserve the 
remainder of the Amu- and Syr-Darya river delta systems, their 
ecosystem, and biodiversity.  Donors should also invest in programs 
to increase the health and welfare of the region's residents.  He 
called restoration of the Aral Sea in the near future difficult due 
to the enormous amount of water and huge decrease in irrigation 
required, which is highly unlikely.  Up to now, climate change has 
not been a major factor in the Aral Sea's desiccation, but it will 
 
ASTANA 00001953  003.3 OF 004 
 
 
certainly become more of one in the future.  Micklin asserted that 
restoration of the western Aral Sea is theoretically possible, but 
would need much more study and investigation to determine its worth. 
 Siberian river diversion is a very doubtful solution, he said, 
because of its high cost and complication.  Plus, strong opposition 
to this idea exists inside Russia, and international support from 
donors is lacking. 
 
ARAL SEA IS DEAD DUE TO SOVIET-ERA IRRIGATION POLICIES 
 
8.  Russian Academy of Sciences Zoological Institute Professor, 
noted Aral Sea expert, and Conference-organizer Nikolay Aladin said 
that, in spite of its high level of salinity, all the Aral Sea zones 
are still "alive" with fish species, invertebrates, and flora, but 
their ecosystem differs from before.  Many of the introduced species 
carried infections and parasites, and some devoured all the 
plankton, with a negative impact on the existing environment.  "Who 
killed the Aral Sea?" Aladin asked several times during the 
conference.  "I'll tell you who killed the Aral Sea.  It was the 
Ministry of Water Resources of the Soviet Union!"  He said that, 
even considering natural changes, the Aral Sea would not have 
disappeared if not for the extreme impact of the current system of 
irrigation created during the Soviet era.  One can now say, he 
stressed, that the Aral Sea as a geological object disappeared 20 
years ago.  "The Aral Sea is dead!  Long live the Aral Sea!"  In 
effect, two Aral Seas exist, small and large.  Fishing is now 
restricted to the northern Aral Sea, because the western Aral Sea is 
too salty.  In 2010, the eastern Aral Sea, now almost dried up, will 
completely disappear, and only the western Aral Sea and Tshchebas 
Bay will remain. 
 
ARAL SEA CONFERENCE DECLARATION 
 
9.  The Conference issued a St. Petersburg "Declaration on The Aral 
Sea," noting that the Aral Sea has undergone unprecedented shrinking 
and salinization since the 1960s, which negatively impacts the sea 
and nearby inhabitants.  The Aral Sea's current desiccation results 
primarily from the expansion of irrigation in the sea's drainage 
basin during the Soviet era that exceeded sustainability, which led 
to a marked decline of river inflow to the sea.  Global warming, 
while real, has not majorly caused the Aral's desiccation since the 
1960s, but its importance will increase in the future. 
 
10.  The Conference Declaration states that diversion (e.g. 
redirection) of Siberian rivers southward to the Aral Sea Basin or 
pumping water from the Caspian to the Aral cannot realistically 
solve water problems in Central Asia because of their expensiveness, 
complication, requirement of complex international agreements, and 
serious potential environmental consequences.  It recommends instead 
a focus on local and regional solutions to these key issues, such as 
improved efficiency of water use in i
rrigation and efforts to 
preserve and partially restore remaining parts of the Aral Sea. 
 
11.  The Conference Declaration optimistically states that "reports 
of the Aral Sea's death are premature."  The Small (north) Aral Sea 
has been partially restored.  Although the Eastern Basin of the 
Large Aral is lost, the Western Basin can be preserved, as can major 
parts of the Syr and Amu Dar'ya deltas.  The Aral Sea of the 1960s 
is gone, but preservation of a much smaller Aral Sea consisting of 
two sizable lakes that have ecological and economic value remains 
feasible.  Furthermore, in the more distant future, substantially 
increased inflow to the sea and restoration of the Aral close to its 
former size may be possible.  Such developments happened in the past 
and could be possible again.  (COMMENT: This optimistic note was a 
point of contention at the conference.  The declaration is a 
graceful compromise between the skeptics of the Aral Sea's return 
and those who want to downplay the human factor and the threat that 
the current global warming trend poses to the region.  This observer 
would caution not to put too much hope on the likelihood of its 
return.  END COMMENT.) 
 
12.  The Declaration concludes that future study of the Aral Sea and 
its surrounding region should be a balance of theoretical and 
applied science and involve scientists from different disciplines 
 
ASTANA 00001953  004.3 OF 004 
 
 
and countries.  Special efforts should be made to attract and engage 
younger-generation scientists and researchers to Aral Sea problems 
in order to secure long-term, scientific commitment and continued 
international dialogue.  The International Fund for Saving the Aral 
Sea should co-operate with leading scientists all over the World, 
including Russia (NOTE:  This last phrase required some negotiation. 
 END NOTE). 
 
13.  COMMENT:  While some of the scientific community's opinions 
diverged, the majority concluded that the current desiccation of the 
Aral Sea is a man-made disaster caused by the Soviet Union's 
intensification of "irrigation" (e.g., cotton production in 
Uzbekistan) in the early 1960s.  Kazakhstan's effort to restore the 
Northern Aral Sea was the only positive note in the conference, but 
the consensus is that this renewal cannot serve as a model to revive 
either the western or eastern Aral Seas.  In addition, climate 
change may affect the future viability of the Aral Sea (including 
the restored north Aral Sea) if the Amur-Darya and Syr-Darya rivers 
begin to lose water because of receding glaciers.  Additional 
hydroelectric projects may also further reduce water flow, 
eventually threatening even the Northern Aral Sea.  Nevertheless, 
while donor agencies (including the U.S. government) may still find 
opportunities to fund various cooperative scientific and 
humanitarian projects, reviving the Aral Sea is not likely to be 
among them.  END COMMENT. 
 
HOAGLAND

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